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The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

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ava depping

on 10 April 2013

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Transcript of The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

of the Ancient World The Seven Wonders The Great Pyramids The Hanging Gardens of Babylon The Statue of Zeus The Goddess Artemis stands as a motherly figure
(Clayton 87)
The Temple was covered with exquisite marble and surrounded by columns.
(Clayton 79)
The Temple was 79m wide, 131m long, and 20m high
(Clayton 80)
We still have no idea weather their was a statue to the goddess inside the temple, but we do think it would have probably looked like the Roman copies.
(Clayton 81)
The temple was destroyed by a fire set by Herostrarus, who at that time was considered crazy. Legends say the goddess was too busy taking care of Alexandria the Great (who was born the night of the fire) to take care of her beloved temple.
(Clayton 83)
In 1860 John Wood found a column from the temple Artemis.
In 1960 Anton Bammer of the Austrian Archeological Institute is still finding artifacts from the ancient temple.
(Clayton 78) The Mausoleum The Colossus of Rhodes Rhodes is located off the south-west corner of the Asia Minor
The island of Rhodes was divided into 3 parts though in 402 BC they joined together, and made their capital Rhodes, which grew rapidity
(Clayton 124)
Antigonous in 307 asked the people of Rhodes to join forces, but they refused
(Clayton 126)
Because of the refusal in 305 BC Antigonous's son, Demetrius waged war against Rhodes and Rhodes won; some would have compared this victory to the story of David and Goliath
Because of the Rhodians bravery Demetrius gave them many siege engines, which they then sold and became quite rich
The people of Rhodes then used the money to build the Colossus of Rhodes; a statue of their god, Helios the Sun God
The 110 ft. tall, bronze statue was sculpted by Charles of Lindos
(Clayton 127)
The statue took 12 years to build
("The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World" 505)
The Colossus of Rhodes was destroyed by an earthquake about 56 years after it was made
(Clayton 128)
In 654 AD The Arabs scavenged Rhodes and sold the remains of the Colossus to Jews from Emesa, which is why we know very little about the Statue and what it might have looked like
(Clayton 137) The Lighthouse of Alexandria Located on the north west if the Egyptian Delta
Its named Alexandria because of the harbor where its located
(Clayton 138)
Ptolemy ll gave permission to build the lighthouse in 290 BC
The Lighthouse was completed in 270 BC as the first lighthouse on Earth
It was designed by Sostratus and built on the island of Pharos
Some say the lighthouse would have took 800 talents or three million dollars to build today
("The Seven Wonders of the World Tour")
There has been many different accusations of it height it could have been any where from 200 to 600 ft.
("The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World" 1410)
During 956 to 1323 AD the admired Lighthouse was destroyed by earthquakes
("The Seven Ancient Wonders of the World," History Channel)
After wards it's ruin were used to build the great Islamic fort of Kait Bay during the 1600s
(Clayton 156) What made the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World Wonders? The Seven Wonders is a list of architectures made by the Greeks and Romans. Many people today argue about which belong and which do not, but the following were usually included.

(The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World 1410) Constructed from 2500 BC to 2700 BC as tombs for Khufu, Khafra, Menkaura
("The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World" 1410)
The biggest pyramid Khufu covers 13 acres of land
The pyramid Khufu remained the tallest building for more than 4,000 years until the 1900s
The Great Pyramids are the only Wonder still standing today
The Egyptian used log rollers and sledges to build the pyramid
("Seven Ancient Wonders of the World," History Channel)
The pyramid of Khufu 756 ft. long and 450 ft. high
Khufu was made of 2,300,000 stones and every stone weighted close to 2500 lbs.
It took 100,000 labors and 20 years to build
("The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World Tour") "Man fears Time, yet Time fears the Pyramids."
(Clayton 37) No one has ever shown any proof that the hanging Gardens of Babylon exist, yet they are one of the Seven Wonders
(Clayton 38)
There has been some tablets and inscriptions found, but none have proven to trace directly back to the garden.
(Clayton 41)
It's called the Hanging Gardens because the plants grow above level though they aren't actually "hanging"
(Clayton 45)
20 ft. long, 20 ft. wide, and 75 ft. high
("The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World" 1410)
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon is located near the Euphrates River
The king, Nebuchadnezzar ll, built the Hanging Gardens for his love, Amytis
The most amazing part of the Garden is it's irrigation system. They used pumps, water wheels, and cisterns to water the massive garden.
("The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World Tour") The Great Pyramids- The Egyptians ability to made an almost perfect, massive pyramids with the technology that was available at the time.

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon- The garden's very impressive irrigation system unlike any during its time.

The Statue of Zeus- The Statue's importance during the Olympic games. Also it's beautiful detailed appearance and expense.

The Temple of Artemis- The monstrosity and size of the temple and the dedication it would have took to build it at the time.

The Mausoleum- The tombs vast lavish, beautiful statues and sculptors.

The Colossus of Rhodes- The Colossus background; symbolizes the underdog and represents the David against Goliath story

The Great Lighthouse of Alexandria- The Lighthouse of Alexandria was the first lighthouse in the world and a huge advancement for fishermen. “The Hanging Gardens is impressive and cannot just lightly be dismissed.”
(Clayton 58) The Statue of Zeus was a place of worship for the Olympic games, though only greeks could join the games it attracted people from all over the world
(Clayton 59)
It was built between 456 BC and 466 BC
(Clayton 61)
Pheidias from Athens sculpted the grand Statute although he left no record of how he came up with the idea for the Statue
The Statue had a wooden frame and was covered in ivory and precious metals
(Clayton 62)
At 40 ft. tall the Statue was much too large for the building though if Zeus were to stand up he would surely hit his head.
(Clayton 65)
When the Statue was 450 years old the emperor of Rome, Caligula was determined to have the statue in Rome
When the statue was 800 years old the statue was finally moved to Constantinople
(Clayton 76)
In 462 AD there was a fire in Constantinople which destroyed the beloved statue of Zeus.
NO copies were made to show us what the Statue exactly looked like.
(Clayton 77) “Had it stayed in Olympia, stripped perhaps of the precious metals, it is possible that some fragments would have survived for us to admire today.”
(Clayton 77) The Temple of Artemis at Ephesos "Ephesos was one of the richest banking centers of the ancient world, with a magnificent temple that was truly one of the Wonders of the World."
(Clayton 99) Located at Halicarnassus in modern Bodrum, southwest turkey
Built as a tomb for Maussollos by Artemisia for her brother/husband
Construction began around 370-365 BC and the Mausoleum was completed about 350 BC
(Clayton 100)
All that is left of the tomb is the foundation and a stairwell
The tomb was destroyed by the Knights Hospitallers
(Clayton 101)
120 ft. long, 100 ft. wide, and 140 feet high
(Clayton 103)
The Knights decided in 1494 to strengthen their fort and use the convent stone from the mausoleum to do it
Once they discovered that the stone worked well that kept digging up more stone
Until one day they found an entrance and inside they were amazed with marble and statues of amazing detail
After this room there was a small doorway leading down to the tomb of exquisite beauty, but because of the little time they had left the tomb they did not open
(Clayton 105)
The next day upon their return they discovered the tomb had been robbed and everyone suspected pirates
Even though the Knights had destroyed a lot of the tomb they didn't destroy all of it; some statues and sculptors were built into the fort and kept well in tack
(Clayton 106) "So vast was the building's size by ancient srandards and so lavish its sculptured decoration that it soon came to be considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World."
(Clayton 100) "The Colossus of Rhodes was an inspiration for the statue of Liberty."
("Seven Ancient Wonders of the World" History Channel) http://humansarefree.com/2010/12/following-statement-was-considered.html http://www.leontravelclub.com/hanging-gardens-of-babylon.html/hanging-gardens-of-babylon-old-city-3 http://farm3.staticflickr.com/2070/1849830462_5f208a6840.jpg http://www.personal.psu.edu/cak5152/Temple.jpg http://i.livescience.com/images/i/9577/i02/ig63_Mausoleum_Halicarnassus_02.jpg http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-pawdB3qZHz8/Tx9UKYXTlfI/ AAAAAAAAADo/ZFjBNkF4FSo/s1600/Colossus_of_Rhodes.jpg http://unmuseum.mus.pa.us/pharos.htm "Ironically, these scientists were using some of the most high-tech devices available at the end of the 20th century to try and sort out the ruins of one of the most advanced technological achievements of the 3rd century, B.C.. It was the Pharos, the great lighthouse of Alexandria, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World."
("The Seven Wonder of the Ancient World Tours") Works Cited Clayton, Peter A., and Martin J. Price. The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
England: Routledge, 1988. Print.

“The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World Tour” The Museum of Unnatural Mystery.
Lee Krystek, 2011. Web. 12 Mar. 2013. <http://www.unmuseum.org/wonders.htm>.

“Seven Ancient Wonders of the World” History Channel. A&E, 2013. Web. 11 Mar.
2013. <http://www.history.com/topics/seven-ancient-wonders-of-the-world>.

“The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World” World Almanac and Book of Facts. N.p.:
Facts on File, 2005. 505. Gale Group. Web. 11 Mar. 2013.

“The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World” World Almanac and Book of Facts. N.p.:
Facts on File, 2001. 1410. Gale Group. Web. 12 Mar. 2013. By: Ava Depping
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