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Pronouns, Antecedents and Collective Nouns
Jessica Settleson 17 February 2011
Transcript of Pronouns, Antecedents and Collective Nouns
& Collective Nouns As we have already learned... A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun.
I, you, he, she, it, we, they, etc. We also know... All pronouns have antecedents. An antecedent is the noun that the proper noun refers to or replaces. For example:
Suzy went to the store so she could get some milk.
What is the antecedent?
What is the pronoun? As grammatically correct students, we also know that... Each pronoun must agree with its antecedent in number, person and gender. Number: (Incorrect) If anybody wants to succeed in corporate life, they have to know the rules of the game.
What would be the correct answer? Person: (Incorrect) If a person wants to succeed in corporate life, you have to know the rules of the game.
What would be the correct answer? Number: (Correct) If anybody wants to succeed in corporate life, he or she has to know the rules of the game. Person: (Correct) If a person wants to succeed in corporate life, he or she has to know the rules of the game. Gender: (Incorrect) If a person wants to succeed in corporate life, he has to know the rules of the game.
What would be the correct answer? Gender: (Correct) If a person wants to succeed in corporate life, he or she has to know the rules of the game.
Or make the whole sentence plural: If people want to succeed in corporate life, they need to know the rules of the game. Suzy= Antecedent
She= pronoun Collective nouns are the words used to define a group of people,
animals or inanimate things. For example, in the phrase a "flock of geese"
or a " pride of lions", flock and pride are collective nouns.
There are many collective nouns that refer to animals.
A group of people can be described as an army, company or audience. There are three types of pronouns:
Simple: I, you, he, she, it, etc.
Compound: myself, yourself, himself, herself, etc.
Phrasal: one another, each other Pronouns also are classified by case:
Subjective: which means the pronoun acts as the SUBJECT of independent or dependent clauses
Possessive: which means the pronoun shows POSSESSION of something else.
Objective: which means the pronoun functions as the RECIPIENT of the action.
There are also reflexive personal pronouns that come in the form -self or -selves as in himself, ourselves There are also five classes of pronouns: personal, relative, indefinite, interrogative and demonstrative. Although we will be studying most of these, we will not be quizzing you on all of the different types.
See tables in packet. Here are some examples of the different cases of pronouns:
Subjective: I like myself when things go well.
Possessive: It is MY purse.
Objective: Nathaniel hugged ME. Another type of pronoun is the relative pronoun which RELATES one part of a sentence to a word in another part of the sentence.
Ex: He loves HIMSELF. Indefinite Pronouns: refers to unnamed or unknown people or things.
EX: "WHOEVER took the last cookie is in big trouble!" Interrogative Pronouns: asks a question. Think INTERROGATE!
Ex: "WHO is knocking on the door?" Demonstrative Pronouns: points out people, places or things without naming them.
Ex: THAT tastes too much like mushrooms. You all will now learn something that stumped a number of English teachers here at BHS. When writing a sentence with a collective noun such as the "team", would you write:
Every afternoon the baseball team follows its coach out to the hot field for practice.
Or do you write:
Every afternoon the baseball team follows their coach out to the hot field for practice.
If you guessed the first one, you are right!
For collective nouns, when the team is acting as a singular noun or the whole team is doing the SAME thing, you would use "its".
Ex: Every afternoon the baseball team follows its coach out to the hot field for practice.
On the contrary, when the team is acting as a plural noun or the whole team is doing DIFFERENT things, you would use "their". Such as:
Ex: After the three-hour practice under the brutal sun, the team shower, change into their street clothes and head to their air conditioned homes. I hereby proclaim you all
to be masters of the pronoun!
Now, let's practice!