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TOK Presentation 2013

The debate on anthropogenic global warming and the use of language

Tori Bice

on 14 May 2013

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Transcript of TOK Presentation 2013

How is language used in the arguments for and against the
theory of anthropogenic global warming? The current-day debate over the validity of global warming. Global warming is a theory that suggests that Earth's temperature has been consistently rising, which has caused climate changes around the planet.

Anthropogenic (human-induced) global warming states that the human species is responsible for said temperature rise and climate change (i.e. use of fossil fuels, greenhouse gases, et cetera). - exaggerated graphs and charts
- falsified research
- skepticism: “Anti-global warming skeptics say the placement of some weather stations in urban areas may produce inaccurate measurements.” (Clark) Language in the Global Warming Debate Victoria Bice and Sofia Nersessova Background Real Life Situation Knowledge Issue Reasons people doubt Anthropogenic Global Warming Reasons people believe Anthropogenic Global Warming -measurements
-scientific evidence: global temperature rise, glacier retreat, increase in extreme events (Hurricane Katrina, tsunamis, etc), sea ice declination, ice sheet shrinkage, ocean temperature increase, sea level rise (melting glaciers)
-personal experiences (witnessing actual climate change)
-media (An Inconvenient Truth, natural disasters in the news, ) Warmists/Alarmists Warmists vs. Conservatists Real life Examples Warmists use language that contains....
-scientific vocabulary
-heart-tugging and striking advertisements
-information about animals Conservatists use language that uses...
-lack of evidence/avoids the matter at hand
-attack vocabulary against opposing side
rather than proving own views
-biblical references Examples Scientific Vocabulary “Humanity’s contribution is difficult to quantify because of the myriad variables that affect the global climate. Astronomical effects, from Earth’s eccentricity to solar activity, affect how much radiation Earth receives from the Sun." (Zweerink) "A molecule of methane produces more than 20 times the warming of a molecule of CO2. Nitrous oxide is 300 times more powerful than CO2. Other gases, such as chlorofluorocarbons have heat-trapping potential thousands of times greater than CO2. But because their concentrations are much lower than CO2, none of these gases adds as much warmth to the atmosphere as CO2 does.” (National Geographic) Examples Animals “Some butterflies, foxes, and alpine plants have moved farther north or to higher, cooler areas.” (National Geographic) “Researcher Bill Fraser has tracked the decline of the Adélie penguins on Antarctica, where their numbers have fallen from 32,000 breeding pairs to 11,000 in 30 years.” (National Geographic) Examples Advertisements Conservatists Examples Attack Vocabulary "The only place Al Gore conserves energy these days is on the treadmill. I don’t want to suggest that Al’s getting big, but the last time I saw him on TV I thought, “That reminds me — we have to do something about saving the polar bears. Never mind his carbon footprint — have you seen the size of Al Gore’s regular footprint lately? It’s almost as deep as Janet Reno’s." (Coulter) Examples Lack of Evidence “This is what I have been saying for years, that the entire pantomime is really a fraud and all those involved are criminals. Those who knowingly defraud the taxpayer (or anyone) are committing criminal offences. This cannot continue. Sadly the entire global-warming / climate-change / climate-disruption / CO2-boondoggle is just a distraction from the real agenda of World Governance, which was Hitler’s Dream. He planned all this way back in the 1930s and now we are the victims once again of the scourge of Marxism.” (Helmer) Examples Bible References In Conclusion... Language FOR Global Warming uses.. - scientific vocabulary
- animals
- heart-tugging & vivid advertisements Language AGAINST Global Warming uses... - lack of evidence
- attack vocabulary
- bible verses THANK YOU! Citations "Causes of Global Warming." National Geographic. National Geographic Society, 2013. Web. 1 May 2013.

Coulter, Ann. "Gore’s Global Warming Religion." Human Events. Eagle Publishing, Inc., 21 Mar. 2007. Web. 1 May 2013

Helmer, Roger. "Lots More Reasons to Believe in Global Warming | Roger Helmer MEP."Roger Helmer MEP.
WordPress, 25 Dec. 2010. Web. 3 May 2013.

Houdmann, Michael. "How Should a Christian View Global Warming?" How Should a Christian View Global Warming? Got Questions? Ministries, 2002. Web. 02 May 2013.

Kapur, Sahil. "Santorum Takes Climate Change Denial To A Biblical Level." TPM News. TPM Media, LLC, 21 Feb. 2012. Web. 2 May 2013.

Mail Foreign Service. "'The Planet Won't Be Destroyed by Global Warming Because God Promised Noah,' Says Politician Bidding to Chair U.S. Energy Committee." Mail Online. Associated Newspapers Ltd, 10 Nov. 2010. Web. 02 May 2013.

Mooney, Chris. "Al Gore Is Fat, Therefore Global Warming Doesn't Exist." Mother Jones. Mother Jones and the
Foundation for National Progress, 11 Apr. 2013. Web. 1 May 2013.

Zweerink, Jeff, Dr. "Reasons To Believe : What about Global Warming?" Reasons To Believe : What about Global
Warming? Reasons To Believe, 3 Dec. 2010. Web. 30 Apr. 2013.<http://www.reasons.org/articles/what-about
-global-warming>."Causes of Global Warming." National Geographic. National Geographic Society, 2013. Web. 1
May 2013. <http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/gw-causes/>. "They exchanged the truth about God for a lie, and worshiped and served created things rather than the Creator—who is forever praised. Amen" NIV Romans 1:25 This verse has been used to say that we should not value the environment over humanity where it becomes idolized. Images "As long as the earth endures, seedtime and harvest, cold and heat, summer and winter, day and night will never cease" Genesis 8: 21-22 This verse has been used to say that God would never again destroy the Earth, therefore global warming couldn't have the capability to destroy the earth. Penguin Lamp: http://www.dezineguide.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/Help-Stop-Global-Warming-Ad.jpg
Anti-Global Warming: http://www.herinst.org/BusinessManagedDemocracy/environment/warming/images/HeartlandAdvert.jpg
Hour Glass: http://cdn.tripwiremagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/image383.png
Polar Bear Gas Mask: http://lmu10014333.files.wordpress.com/2011/02/anti_global_warming_campaign_1_by_shawkash.jpg
Comparing Earths: https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRBv2JWeYPciLDppjVWujedHc9mAM8TJXmWnl_KKHcSmLFNajk7Gg
Melting Earth: http://25.media.tumblr.com/3gWM5gPQtmt04husIEEbeVa4o1_400.jpg
Homeless Seal: https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTH85DALLGuuvJiEmA9alOjz4gHl1xaA-_sUlydM8eFCzwHgYwz
Man Eating Earth: http://media02.hongkiat.com/global-warming-alert-posters/Greed-Cause-Of-Global-Warming.jpg
Mixing Earth: http://beenidrew.com/20-stop-global-warming-advertisements/
Fossil Hourglass: http://media02.hongkiat.com/global-warming-alert-posters/Global-Warming-Extinction.jpg
Melting Penguin: http://media02.hongkiat.com/global-warming-alert-posters/Global-Warming.jpg
Lighting Earth on Fire: http://media02.hongkiat.com/global-warming-alert-posters/Flaming-Earth.jpg
Polar Bear vs. Panda: http://media02.hongkiat.com/global-warming-alert-posters/Til-Death-Do-Us-Part.jpg
And To My Children I Leave: http://www.graphicdesignblog.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/Flex-Your-Power-Legacy.jpg In refuting global warming, Rick Santorum said, "We were put on this Earth as creatures of God to have dominion over the Earth, to use it wisely and steward it wisely, but for our benefit not for the Earth’s benefit....
When you have a worldview that elevates the Earth above man and says that we can’t take those resources because we’re going to harm the Earth; by things that frankly are just not scientifically proven, for example, the politicization of the whole global warming debate — this is all an attempt to, you know, to centralize power and to give more power to the government," Rick Santorum uses references to the Bible and lack of evidence to disprove global warming as "not scientifically proven"
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