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Transcript of Rhetoric
The Art of Rhetorical Analysis Essential Vocabulary:
modes of discourse
An argument is a well constructed presentation of ideas that takes a stand about an issue-often called the thesis statement or claim and supports that thesis statement with various evidence or premises. An error in reasoning or a logical fallacy will weaken an argument and diminish the credibility of a writer or reader. Modes of discourse use logical, emotional, or ethical appeals to persuade. An argument's inference is the relationship between the premises and a conclusion. The arguer seeks to prove the conclusion valid based on their premises, which are also assumed to be valid. modes of discourse Narration
when it happened
where it happened Exposition:
present ideas logically Argumentation/Persuasion
moving from specific observations to generalizations
moving from generalizations to valid inferences APPEALS:
LOGOS: logical appeals
PATHOS: emotional appeals
ETHOS: ethical appeals Rhetorical Triangle/Rhetorical Situation:
A dynamic diagram used to structure and analyze argument. How can I use this in my classroom? pull supplemental resources from the Internet that support your content area
op-eds from newspapers and magazines
you tube: speeches; commercials; segments of news shows
advertisements: print and live action
Help your students sniff out the argument! SMELL STRATEGY:
S: Sender/Receiver Relationship
Who are the images and/or language meant to attract?
Describe the speaker of the visual argument or text. SAT/ACT Connection
attitude/tone SMELL STRATEGY:
What is the message? SAT/ACT Connection
specific information SMELL STRATEGY:
E: Emotional Strategies
What is the desired effect of the argument?
Ethos? SAT/ACT Connection
implied information SMELL STRATEGY:
L: Logical Strategies
What logic is operating?
How does it (or its absence) affect the message?
If applicable, consider the logic of the images as well as the words. SAT/ACT Connection
theme/argument SMELL STRATEGY:
What does the language of the text describe?
How does the language affect the meaning and effectiveness of the argument? SAT/ACT Connection
words in context
technique Final Argument for use of Rhetorical Analysis:
deeper content engagement
facilitates critical thinking
promotes skills for SAT/ACT
everything's an argument