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Cambodian Genocide

English 12 Haberlock
by

Charlie Touch

on 8 February 2013

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Transcript of Cambodian Genocide

Cambodian Genocide The driving force of the genocide was to purge Cambodians of foreign thoughts or educated people that will pose a threat to the government and people, thus giving the Khmer Rouge political power. Even though Pol Pot (Leader of the genocide) went to Paris to study radio electronics, he then became a member of the french communist party and he then met elite Cambodian intellectuals.

The Khmer Rouge, literally translated as Red Khmers, was the name given to the followers of the Communist Party of Kampuchea in Cambodia. It was formed in 1968 as an offshoot of the Vietnam People's Army from North Vietnam.

Mainly targeted people with foreign thoughts or educated people in case they were to conspire against the government. President Nixon signs a bill into law that has an August 15 deadline to end bombig in Cambodia and bans the United States from combat activites in or about cambodia, North Vietnam and Sound Vietnam. 1973 1975 U.S. bombing in Cambodia ends. The Khmer Rouge begins an offensive against Phnom Penh. 1973 Preisdent Lon Nol resigns and flees the country. 1975 U.S. personnel are evacuated from Phnom Penh during Operationg EAGLE PULL. 1975 Phnom Penh is captured by the Khmer Rouge, who declare this "Year Zero." The Lon Nol government surrenders. Within the next week, all major cities are emptied and thousands of civil servants and educated members of the populace are executed. Other reforms, including a ban on Buddhism, the elimination of money, and the destruction of the educational system, shortly follow. 1975 July 1st, August 14th, January 1st, April 1st, April 12th, April 17th, Cambodian Genocide Timeline Khmer Rouge forces capture the U.S. merchant ship Mayaguez; 38 are killed before the civilians are rescued by U.S. military forces. 1975 1976 A second reolcation of the population occurs, moving from areas south and east of Phnom Penh to the northwestern regions of the country. The Khmer Republic becomes Democratic Kampuchea under the leadership of Khieu Samphan. 1975 François Ponchaud publishes Cambodge anée zero (Cambodia Year Zero) in French. The next year, an English version is published. The book reveals the realities of forced deportations, forced labor, religious and ethnic persecution, and executions in Cambodia under the Khmer Rouge. 1977 Collectivized meals are introduced. (A tin of rice shared between three people, no meat or fruit. Many were forced to eat whatever they could; small animals and insects. 1977 May 12-15, Late January 8th, Mid The genocide lasted from 1975-1979.

The death toll was said to be above 2,000,000. The Khmer Rouge arrested, tortured and eventually executed anyone suspected of belonging to several categories of supposed "enemies" Anyone with connections to the former government or with foreign governments.
Professionals and intellectuals.
Ethnic Vietnamese, ethnic Chinese, ethnic Thai and other minorities in Eastern Highland, Cambodian Christians, Mulsims and the Buddhist monks.
"Economic saboteurs" - many former urban dwellers were deemed guilty due to their lack of agricultural ability. The survivors of the genocide are stained with an unforgettable event that will haunt their minds for the rest of their lives. From witnessing tortuous deaths, having children taken away from parents, and an overall 10% of the Cambodian people dead. It was debatable whether the Vietnamese forces invading Cambodia were intentionally there for land grab or to break the Khmer Rouge which turned them into rebel guerilla fighters once again. The Vietnamese occupation began. The peoples republic of Kampuchea began. With the Khmer Rouge retreating. 1979 Pol Pot dies of heart failure. 1998 April 15th, 1.) What would have happened to Cambodia if the Vietnamese were wiped out in the war versus the U.S.?
2.) After the genocide, Pol Pot lived the last 20 years of his life in the comfort of house arrest, is this fair? Comprehensive Questions Sources Cited Pol Pot." International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. Ed. William A. Darity, Jr. 2nd ed. Vol. 6. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2008. 289. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 4 Feb. 2013. http://www.historyplace.com/worldhistory/genocide/pol-pot.htm Jarvis, Helen. "Cambodian Genocide Overview." Modern Genocide: Understanding Causes and Consequences. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 4 Feb. 2013 "Cambodian Genocide Timeline." Modern Genocide: Understanding Causes and Consequences. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 4 Feb. 2013.
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