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Lord of The Flies: Historical Context 2

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Mitchell Jordan

on 14 March 2014

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Transcript of Lord of The Flies: Historical Context 2

Leader of Germany
during World War 2
*for example the innocent children in Connecticut
"Australia's Detention centres have recently been 'plagued' with by violent protests, suicides and self-harm"
"Concerned about riots in detention facilities that were located next to residential homes"

The major events during
the war between Britain and
July 10, 1940 -
The Channel Battle
The First Turning Point
London Blitz
Post World War II
Civilian Life in WWII
Winston Churchill
WWII Major Events
World War 2: German

Adolf Hitler
1889 - 1945
wanted control over the European countries
he was a dictator
leader of the Nazi party
reason for the Holocaust
killed 11 million people, 6 million of them were Jews
World War 2 : British Perspective
Similarities between Adolf Hitler and Jack Merridew
both dictators
killed innocent people
didn't use power in a positive way
used violence
caused conflict
had an army/followers
wanted control over other people
But how did the war between Germany and Britain start?
"Operation Sea Lion"
German Bombers attacked British ships in English Channel and ports in southern England
August 31, 1940 - Eagle Day
used bombing raids on air bases and military posts in Southern England
sent more than 1,400 planes across English Channel
13 British planes destroyed

September 7, 1940 - The London Blitz
Hitler attacked major cities in Britain, including London
Went on from September 7 to May 1941
thousands of people died
thousands of destroyed residents'
Germany realized they can't defeat Britain at this time
decided to postpone attack
attacked Russia instead
Air Raids
- The Blitz in 1940
- V1 and V2 flying bombs from 1944-1945
-Schools regularly performed air raid and gas drills
Food Rationing
-As the war progressed, food rationing became more severe.
Germany's Downfall
He was the British prime minister for most of the war.
He was especially concerned about the Nazi regime and their actions they performed

Churchill is just like the Ralph in
Lord of the Flies
because just like Ralph, he cared for the common good and what is best for everybody.
-They both took drastic action to get what they hoped for ; Churchill kept Britain fighting so the Nazi regime would be destroyed and Ralph asserted his power aggressively so the others would listen to him when he told them to go back to the shelter.
The civilians can be related back to characters Simon, Piggy, and the littluns because they were all innocent and had no major say in at was going on.
Just like the civilian victims of WWII, this is similar to the deaths of Simon, Piggy and scar-faced boy because it was not their fault they ended up dead.
France's surrender
- On June 22, 1940, France surrenders to Germany
- This left Britain to fight Germany and Italy alone.
- Fears of Germany attacking Britain were evident in Britain.

This can be related to the scene in
Lord of the Flies
when Ralph finds out that Jack and his tribe were after him.
History vs LoTF
Things are breaking down
The power of Britain was in decline.
Negative impact on human relations.
The economy was exhausted.
Prisoners of war and the witnesses cannot forget the horrible memories.

At the end, they don’t have fire, rules, or shelters. There is nothing left that represents civilization.

Many buildings are destroyed.
World War II threats to human civilization, people judge about human

nature, they lost confidence on government. They sought religions for answers and hope.

Rebuild a New World/Society

Prime Minister of England, Harold Macmillan (1957-1963) focused on economic growth.
Deep inequalities and classed differences follow the economic recovery.

“The world community was thought to be entering a new era of international cooperation.”

Didn't get air superiority
stopped attacking military and radar stations
attacked civilians instead
German lost twice as many air crafts as Britain
Hitler's suicide in 1945
Germany surrendered the day after Hitler's death
Lord of the Flies
Things are breaking down
Ralph lost his power gradually
The relationships between the boys are falling apart either through violence and selfishness.
All of boys cannot forget their evil behaviors.

William Golding was born in Cornwall in 1911 and was educated at Marlborough Grammar School and at Brasenose College, Oxford. Apart from writing, his past and present occupations include being a schoolmaster, a lecturer, an actor, a sailor, and a musician. His father was a schoolmaster and his mother was a suffragette. He was brought up to be a scientist, but revolted. After two years at Oxford he read English literature instead, and became devoted to Anglo-Saxon. He spent five years at Oxford. Published a volume of poems in 1935. Taught at Bishop Wordsworth's School, Salisbury. Joined the Royal Navy in 1940 and spent six years afloat, except for seven months in

Published a volume of poems in 1935. Taught at Bishop Wordsworth's School, Salisbury. Joined the Royal Navy in 1940 and spent six years afloat, except for seven months in New York and six months helping Lord Cherwell at the Naval Research Establishment. He saw action against battleships (at the sinking of the Bismarck), submarines and aircraft. Finished as Lieutenant in command of a rocket ship. He was present off the French coast for the D-Day invasion, and later at the island of Walcheren. After the war he returned to teaching, and began to write again. Lord of the Flies, his first novel, was published in 1954. It was filmed by Peter Brook in 1963.

William Golding: Biography

William Golding
Born September 19, 1911
Mother was a Suffragette
Father was a schoolmaster
Attended school that his father ran: Marlborough Grammar school
Attempted to write a novel at age 12, did not succeed
Bullied peers to relieve stress and frustration

Attended college at
Oxford University

Joined the Royal Navy

1993, Died in Perranarworthal,
1934, published his first work;
a book of poetry
1935, became a teacher of English and Philosophy
1954, published his first novel,
Lord of The Flies
1963, film version
was made based on the novel
1983, awarded the Nobel Prize for literature
1988, Knighted by England's Queen Elizabeth II
1990, New film version of LOTF released
Suffragettes fighting for women's rights
William Golding
Reading In Between The Lines
Bullying peers to relieve stress and frustration.
-connection between Golding and Jack

Being a teacher of English and Philosophy
-Analyzing school boys' behavior

Joining the Royal Navy
-Fought during the war
-Greatly affected by this experience
There are many elements in and around Golding's life that influenced the writing of Lord of The Flies
The Fine Print (Works Cited)
Secondary sources- Biography

"William Golding - Biographical". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2013. Web. 8 Dec 2013. <http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1983/golding-bio.html>

"William Golding biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 6 Dec. 2013. <http://www.biography.com/people/william-golding-9314523>.

Conrad, Peter. "William Golding: The Man Who Wrote Lord of the Flies by John Carey." The Observer. Guardian News and Media, 30 Aug. 2009. Web. 8 Dec. 2013. <http://www.theguardian.com/books/2009/aug/30/william-golding-john-carey-review>.

"Information on Perranarworthal." Perranarworthal, Cornwall Information. postcode-info.co.uk, n.d. Web. 8 Dec. 2013. <http://www.postcode-info.co.uk/perranarworthal-info-76524.html>.

"Information on Perranarworthal." Perranarworthal, Cornwall Information. postcode-info.co.uk, n.d. Web. 8 Dec. 2013. <http://www.postcode-info.co.uk/perranarworthal-info-76524.html>.

"Mr MacLean's RME." Lord of the Flies. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Dec. 2013. <http://www.mrmaclean.info/resources/s2/lord-of-the-flies/>.

Service, Tom. "Ethel Smyth – a wrecker with a cause." theguardian.com. Guardian News and Media, 28 Oct. 2009. Web. 8 Dec. 2013. <http://www.theguardian.com/music/tomserviceblog/2009/oct/28/ethel-emyth-suffragette>.

Yahoo! News. "Next edition of Oxford English Dictionary may be online-only."Engadget. Yahoo.com, n.d. Web. 8 Dec. 2013. <http://www.engadget.com/2010/08/30/next-edition-of-oxford-english-dictionary-may-be-online-only/>.

The Fine Print (Works Cited)
Secondary sources- World War 2 (Germany)

"World War II (1939–1945)." SparkNotes. SparkNotes, n.d. Web. 9 Dec. 2013 <http://www.sparknotes.com/history/european/ww2/section3.rhtml>.

The Fine Print (Works Cited)
Secondary Sources -World War 2 (Britain)

"WW2 People's War."
BBC News
. BBC, n.d. Web. 8 Dec. 2013.

"Life in The Second World War."
Life in The Second World War
. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Dec. 2013.

"Winston Churchill."
Winston Churchill
. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Dec. 2013.

"The Fall of France."
BBC News
. BBC, n,d. Web. 8 Dec. 2013

Morality and Religious Aspects
Two different attitudes toward religion
People during WWII
• begin to question religion
• use it as a way to stay strong and help get past the hard times.

Another Influence
Sigmund Freud
William Golding
His father

Characters in Lord of the Flies
• Jack and those who followed him seemed to give up and made no efforts to get saved
• Ralph and those who followed him remained strong and confident and made efforts to get saved
Full transcript