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The Antebellum Period

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on 2 December 2013

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Transcript of The Antebellum Period

The Antebellum Period (1810-1860)
Political Parties
The Antebellum Period is Latin for "pre-war" which indicates before the Civil War. However, this period of American history can sometimes be best known because of the Civil War.

Major differences were aspiring to be made in America's sectional differences. Blacks and females were undergoing changes in rights while hard labor workers stood up for their positions.
The First Party system was introduced 1792.
The first two rivaling political parties were Federalists and Democrat-Republicans.
Like in modern political parties, these two parties fought over power, namely presidency.
Likely being the first modern party system in the world, they were based on votes, not factions of aristocrats at court or parliament.
These two political parties were featured until 1824
After the war, and America had proven its independence, such differentiation between those loyal to Britain and not were null. The Whig party had no reason to exist until President Jackson had his firm Democratic party around him. The Whig party previously named itself so in opposition to the King of Britain; in opposition to president Jackson, the Whig was once again formed to express Jackson's "Kingly" actions. Whigs were strong supporters of social order (hierarchy) and "Elites".
Presidents of the Antebellum Period
Abraham Lincoln (16th US President)
Martin Van Buren (eighth US President)
Andrew Jackson (seventh US President)
William Henry Harrison (ninth US President
Democratic-Republican Party
Was founded by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison
Held most power after year 1800
Supported the rural areas of planters and farmers
Opposed strong executive powers
Disapproved of standing army and navy
Sided with "limited reading" of Constitution
Favored the French rather the British as partners
limited reading: reading of
what is directly displayed on
the reading rather what is
morally interpreted.
Federalist Party
Founded by Alexander Hamilton
Held most power before the year 1800
Supported urban areas of industry and commerce
Promoted national bank and financial systems, encouraged banking and manufacturing
Federalists favored British because of political stability (which the French did not have) and its close ties to American trade.
Whig Party
During the Revolutionary War, two opposing were made, the Whigs and the Loyalists. Like our present most known political parties, Democrats and Republicans, these parties opposed each other with varying ideas. Whigs and Loyalists are filled with White men. These Parties were created in terms of their support for whom they sided in the Revolutionary War.

Loyalist- remained loyal to Great Britain and the King

Whig- supports colonists and patriots while yearning for independence
Martin Van Buren
lived 1782-1862
One of Andrew Jackson's most influential adviser before his own presidency
Van Buren was known as "Old Kinderhook"
The term "O.K." was derived from Buren's signature approval which he took the initials from his nickname
Wiliam Henry Harrison
Lived 1773-1841
Served the shortest presidency ever, one month
Supported by Whigs Party
After winning presidency he gave a long inauguration speech on a cold day, he then received pneumonia and died with one month in office

Andrew Jackson
Lived 1767-1845
Nicknamed "Old Hickory" because of his aggressive and assertive traits
In 1833, Jackson tries to beat former Navy Lieutenant Robert Beverly Randolph for allegedly pulling Jackson's nose
Appealed for the common man
Portrayed as a "King" in their free country by his enemies
Abraham Lincoln
Lived 1809-1865
Lincoln is among the most renowned presidents for handling a country in the midst of a civil war
Lincoln supposedly freed the slaves
Printing Press: made mass production of newspaper possible

Telegraph: allowed for distant communication in which was hard or long to achieve before

Photography: a renovation for Americans everywhere, portraits were everywhere

Cotton Gin: Improved rate of cotton harvesting which boomed Southern economy

Slavery was a major issue in the antebellum period that sparked the Civil War. Although the Southern economy was dependent on slave labor, it meddled with moral and legal concerns. In a country which has proclaimed individual equality, slavery was despised by many.
Slave Fashion in the Antebellum Era
For slaves, choice of clothing was not at an optimal; the owner of the slaves dictated everyday life for them including clothes
-Much of what slave men wore consisted of pants alone and during winters, a knee-length coat
-Slave women received dresses and were given heavy wraps used as shawls during winters
-Slave children were commonly nude, however, some wear typically found wearing oversized shirts
Slaves received one pair of shoes and three under garments once a year
Most articles of clothing often did not fit the slave

Although most slaves were ill-dressed, some slaves were demesticated by high class white families, they were usually found wearing clothes which were similar to their masters because not only was a slave judged by his skin color but also his apparel.
White Fashion in the Antebellum Era
Women in the Antebellum period wore dresses which were long and sometimes were a full article of clothing by itself. More elegant and richer women usually wore more expensive dresses with more intricate patterns. Men however wore clothing which consisted of trousers and shirt. Higher class of men often were found wearing tuxedo-like clothing.

Antebellum Women
Women, at the time, were not in control of any possessions, property, or materials which means they were also forbidden to sell these items. Such items were controlled by their husbands. Money also was controlled by the husband of a married couple. Women could not sue nor be sued and they could not make a contract. However, in 1857 The Married Woman's Property Bill passes in the U.S. Congress. The Bill granted women access to make contracts, sue and be sued, and inherit and bequeath property.
In this period before the Civil War, leaps of technology and elaborations in sectional differences started to provoke white powers. Ideas forming organizations and parties rival other ideas which also harbor other organizations and parties. Much conflict brews as war is not distant from this period.
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