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Cell Project

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Ethan Caldecott

on 6 December 2017

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Transcript of Cell Project

Eukaryotic Animal Cell
Eukaryotic Plant Cell
Prokaryotic Cell
Nuclear Envelope
Nuclear Pore
Similarities between an Eukaryotic Animal cell and an Eukaryotic Plant cell
1. Chromatin
2. Cytoplasm
3. Cytoskeleton
4. Endoplasmic Reticulum
5. Golgi Complex
6. Lysosome
7. Microfilament
8. Microtubule
9. Mitochondrion
10. Nuclear Membrane/Envelope
11. Nuclear Pore
12. Nucleolus
13. Nucleus
14. Peroxisome
15. Vacuole
Similarities between all cells
1. Cell Membrane
2. Vesicles
3. Ribosome

Similarties between an Eukaryotic Animal and a Prokaryotic Cell
1. Flagellum
Similarties between an eukaryotic planet cell and a prokaryotic cell
1. Cell wall
Cell Membrane
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Golgi Complex
Cell Wall
The red-like hairs are Pilus
Largest organelle in the cell. It contains genetic information (DNA). It is the control center of the cell.
The "Remote Control" of the Cell
It separates the cell from its external, and is controlling what is getting in and out of the cell. Also, protects the cell and provides it with stability.
The cell membrane is like the "Door" of the cell.
Jelly-like substance. It makes up most of the cell and organelles are found in it.
The cytoplasm is like the
"Hair Gel" of the cell.
A flat-like layered, sac-like organelle that is located near the nucleus. The job of the Golgi Complex is to package proteins and carbohydrates into vesicles to then export from the cell.
The Golgi Complex is the "UPS Station" of the cell
A organelle with a double membrane and an inner membrane that is infolded many times. The job of the Mitochondrion is to convert the energy stored in glucose in adenosine triphosphate for the cell.
The mitochondrion is like the "Generator" of the cell
Ribosomes are small organelles made of RNA-rich cytoplasmic granules that are sites of protein synthesis.
Ribosomes are like the "Translator" of the cell.
Lysosomes job is to destroy waste in the cell. They use digestive enzymes to destroy invaders. Also if the cell is damaged beyond repair, they will release all of their digestive enzyzmes to destroy it.
Lysosomes are like the "Exterminators" of the cell.
It is use to store stuff in the cell. Such as water, waste, or food. Planet cells have a large central vacuole unlike an animal cell.
A vacuole is like the "Cupboard" of the Cell
The Chloroplast is the site of photosynthesis which is when light energy is converted into chemical energy in the form of glucose. The light reaction part of photosynthesis happens in the thylakoid of the chloroplast.
The Chloroplast is the "Solar Panel" of the cell
A cell wall gives extra protection for the cell and give plant cells turgor pressure. Meaning that when a plant takes a lot of water, the cell wall allows the to become rigid instead of bursting.
The cell wall is like the "Defense System" of the cell.
Centrioles organize the microtubles assembly during the process of cell division.
The Centiole is the "Construction Superintendent" of the cell
The Endoplasmic Reticulum is a network of membranes made of rough and smooth endoplasmic reticulum. Smooth endoplasmic reticulum transports materials through the cell. Like enzymes and produces and digests lipids and membrane proteins. Moves the newly-made proteins and lipids to the Golgi body and membranes. Rough ER is covered with ribsomes which give it a rough appearance. It transports materials through the cell and produces proteins in sacks called cisternae
A microtubule is a hollow rod, that primarily function as support and shape to the cell.
Microtubules are the "Support Beams" of the cell.
The Endoplasmic Reticulum is like the "Subway System" of the cell.
A chromoplast is a pigmented plastid.Chromoplasts that contain carotenoid pigments give off red, orange, or yellow colors to various fruits.
Chromoplasts are the "Artists" of the cell.
Microfilament, also know as actin filaments, are the thinnest filaments of the cytoskeleton. The polymers of these filaments are flexible but still strong, resisting crushing and buckling in the act of giving support to the cell.

Microfilament is the "Plastic Man" of the cell.
Cilia are hair-like structures that extend outwardfrom the surface of animal cells. Important in the cell cycle and replication. Play vital role in human and animal development
Cilia is like the "Feathers of a Bird"
Nucleolus is inside the nucleus and is in charge of producing and making ribosome components
Nucleolus is like a "Factory"
Peroxisome is made of microbodies, diverse organelles in cytoplasm. Its job is to get rid of toxic substances, mostly hydrogen peroxide.
Peroxisome is the "Trash Collector"
Vesicles are found in the Golgi complex. They organize metabolism, and store enzymes. They are small enclosed compartment which are separated from cytosol.
The Vesicles are like "Boxes"
Leucoplast are found in non-photosynthetic tissues of plants. They store starch, lipids, or proteins. Can also perform biosynthetic functions.
Leucoplast are like a "Phone" as they both have multiple uses
A Pili is a small tubular structure anchoring out of the cell. They are used for sexual reproduction.
A Pili could be called a "sex pili"
Flagellums are like "Wheels"
Flagellum allow for movement. It move in a wave-like motion it uses both power strokes and recovery strokes
Cytoskeleton is a network of microtubules and microfilament fibers. Which give structural support and fibers
maintain the shape of the cell
The Cytoskeleton of the Cell are like the "Steel Beams of a Skyscraper"
Chromatin is a mass of genetic material made up of DNA and proteins that condense to form chromosomes during the process of eukaryotic cell division
Chromatin are
like the "Building Blocks" of chromosomes.
The Nuclear
The Nuclear Envelope is the double membrane layer that surrounds the nucleus. Control over the information flow in the cell.
Nuclear Pores regulate materials come in and out of the nucleus. Such as proteins and RNA.
Nuclear Pores are like a "Gate"
The Nuclear Envelope is the "Media-Police"

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