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Classification - Family: Retrovirus; Genus: Lentivirus
Nucleic Acid - Two copies of single-stranded RNA TRANSMISSION &
INCUBATION Enters the body through cuts, sores, breaks in the skin, mucous membranes, or through injection
Examples: Sexual contact, sharing needles/syringes, mother-to-child, in health care settings, via donated blood
Has been detected in saliva, tears, and urine in low concentrations, too low to be transmitted Symptoms Many people with HIV never expierence symptoms
Some people expierence "Acute Retroviral Syndrome (ARS)" - body's natural response to HIV:
Muscle Aches Epidemiology As of 2011 approcimately 34 million people have HIV
17.2 million - men; 16.8 million - women Treatment &
Containment Frequency &
Prognosis Incubation - varies, depends on how fast body builds up antibodies
Time from contraction of HIV until symptoms appear can be years Fatigue
Ulcers in mouth
Sore Throat After ARS, the virus becomes less active - chronic phase - no symptoms for up to 10 years Affects the T-cells in immune system - HIV kills them 1 in 5 living with HIV don't know their infected
Gay & Bisexual men are most affected
Every 9.5 seconds someone in the US is infected
The average time for HIV infection to progress to AIDS is 10/11 Years
Currently HIV can not be cured About 2.2 million deaths in 2005, 1.8 in 2010 People with HIV have trouble getting affordable/effective treatment
20 different kinds of antiretroviral drugs, must be taken at same time everyday
Keeps HIV at a low level
Combination therapy - two or more at once People with HIV are recommended to have safe sex or practice abstinance
Refrain from activities that share body fluids