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Learning Styles

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by

Steph Olson

on 21 May 2016

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Transcript of Learning Styles

Learning Styles
How do you Prefer to Learn?
You are with a group of friends and are playing a new board game. How do you learn how to play?
Kinesthetic
You want to experience the material so that you can understand it

Ideas are only valuable if they seem practical, realistic and relevant to you

You learn by doing

Auditory
Prefer to have it explained to you

Written words are not as valuable as those that you hear

You are likely to go out and tell somebody about your experience
Read/Write
You like textbooks, handouts and PowerPoint

You believe the meanings are in the words

Lecture is OK, but handouts are better

You would like to go to the library or internet to read some more about the subject

You must memorize a long list of formulas for an upcoming test in Biochemistry. How do you do this?
Multi-modal
60% of any population fits this varied category.
May have two, three or no strong preferences
Positive reactions mean that those with multi-modal preferences choose to match or align their mode to the significant others around them.
Annoying reaction – choose to stay in a mode different from the person with whom they are working.
Many multi-modals feel insecure if they don’t use more than one strategy
Alternatively those with a single preference often "get it" by using the set of strategies that align with their single preference.

Visual
Note Taking and Memorization
Different Learning Preferences
Visual: "I see what you mean"

Auditory: "I hear what you're saying"

Read/Write: "I learn best with written words"

Kinesthetic: "Let me try that"

Multimodal: "I can adapt to learn in different ways"
Take a minute . . . think of the BEST teacher you ever had.

College . . . high school . . . coach . . . music teacher . . . etc.
WHY were they the BEST teacher?

How did they teach? How did it resonate with you?
Mnemonics
-Acronyms -Keywords
-Songs -Rhymes
-Stories
Chunking- from your short term memory into long term memory (7 pieces of information at a time)
Take Care of Your Basic Needs!
Sleep
Take a break when needed
Vitamins
B1, B2, B5, B3, B6, B12, Folic Acid, Iron, C, Calcium, Lecithin, Tyrosine
People have raised their IQ 30 points with a good diet
TAKING IN INFO:
-Gesturing /graphic language
-Photos, slides, illustrations
-Graphs, diagrams, flowcharts
NOTE TAKING & STUDYING:
-Replace words with symbols or abbreviations/Reconstruct notes as visuals
-Develop code words
-Underlining text/notes
-Colored highlighters
EXAM STRATEGIES:
-Visualize words
-Draw out answers/Make diagrams
-Recall snapshot images /write descriptively

TAKING IN INFO:
-Attend class – you must hear the words
-Discuss the topics with other students and your teachers
-Explain new ideas to other people
-Use a tape recorder, or podcasts if available
NOTE TAKING & STUDYING:
-Leave spaces in your notes for later recall and filling in
-Your notes might be poor because you prefer to listen
-Expand your notes by talking to others, or filling in information
-Summarize your notes onto a recording, view podcasts
-Explain your notes to another auditory learner or read aloud
EXAM STRATEGIES:
Imagine talking to the person giving the exam
Recall all the conversations or discussions you have had
Listen to your inner conversations, and write them down
Practice writing answers to old exams
Speak your answers inside your head, or aloud if appropriate

TAKE IN INFO:
-Headings--Dictionaries
-Handouts--Textbooks
-Prefer instructors who use words well and have lots of information in sentences
-You LIKE TO READ THE MANUAL
NOTE TAKING & STUDYING:
-Write out/recopy or rewrite in own words
-Read notes/Make outlines/write essays
-Translate graphs and diagrams into words
-Make up MC and TF questions with notes
EXAM STRATEGIES:
-Make and do practice exams

TAKING IN THE INFO:
-Use Senses – sight, sound, touch, taste, smell
-Prefer lab and design classes, field trips and site visits
-Prefer instructors who give life examples
-Applications not theory/trial and error
NOTE TAKING & STUDYING:
-Poor notes if not relevant to you
-Remember what was “real”
-Include examples in notes and talk about with a “K” person
-Refer to lab manuals or go back to lab

EXAM STRATEGIES:
-Take practice exams under real exam conditions
-Recall field trips, labs, “real” examples
VISUAL LEARNERS
AUDITORY LEARNERS
READ/WRITE LEARNERS
KINESTHETIC LEARNERS
Kim Dunn
Director of Enrollment Management
Campbell University|College of Pharmacy &
Health Sciences
Group Discussion
~Find one person who has the same learning preferences as you

Introduce yourselves, make sure you know one another

Talk about these questions:
-How might you work in a group with someone who learns differently than you?
-What learning style might be the hardest for you to work with?
1.How do you take in info?
2.How do you best take notes and study?
3.What are some strategies that could be helpful for or during an exam?
Now . . . Find four people with different learning styles and discuss the following question:
Want to see the whole picture
Often swayed by the look of an object
Interested in color, layout, design
Aware of environment
Likely to draw something to explain it

Adjust to the setting

More than one way to learn something:
Multi-Modal Learners
example: take notes during the lecture then listen to a recording after the lecture
The Forgetting Curve
Final Study Tips
Skimming (reading the textbook)-how do you do this?
Add to your notes
Study in a similar environment to your exam
Seek additional resources if you need additional help
Start studying in different spot in your notes (study the material you DON'T know first
"You have to let yourself forget the material in order to practice remembering for an exam"
Learning Style Partner Activity!
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