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Pituitary Gland Malfunctions

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Kaylia Sattler

on 14 October 2013

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Transcript of Pituitary Gland Malfunctions

Pituitary Gland Malfunctions
Pituitary Hypothyroidism
Cushing's Syndrome
Growth Hormone Tumors
Prolactin Tumors
Thyroid stimulating tumors

Pituitary Hypothyroidism
Condition in which the activity of the thyroid gland is decreased due to the failure of the pituitary gland or hypothalamus.
Does not usually appear until years after the thyroid gland fails to produce or secrete as much thyroxine as the body needs.
Often mistaken for signs of other illnesses such as: menopause, or aging.
Affects as many as 11 million adults and children

Cushing's Syndrome (hypercortisolism)
Results from your adrenal glands, producing to much cortisol.
Commonly caused by taking medications containing the hormone over a long period of time.
Two glands: each perched on the upper part of the two kidneys.
Cortisol is a very potent glucocorticoid
Cortisol is involved in functioning of muscles, normal kidney function, production of blood cells, proper functioning of the brain and nerves, and normal responses of the immune system.
Occurs in approximately 10/15 out of every 1 million per year between ages of 20 and 50.
The pituitary gland is very important.. If the pituitary gland malfunctions, it can result in diseases and abnormalities.
Growth Hormone Production
Production of Hormones that act on Endocrine Glands
Production of hormones that act on the muscles and the kidneys
Endocrine function regulation
Storage of hormones produced by the hypothalamus
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