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Bluebooking Lesson 3
Transcript of Bluebooking Lesson 3
Bluebooking Secondary Sources
1. Bluebooking Books
2. Bluebooking Collections
3. Bluebooking Periodicals
4. Other Secondary Source Tips
5. Put it all together!
The basic citation format for a book is as follows: full name of the author[s], title of the book in italics pincite page (editor/translator (if any), edition date).
A lot of books that you cite will actually be collections of articles or essays. The formula for a citation to a collection is: author's name of specific article, title of specific work, in title of collection page number where the specific work starts, pincite page (editor/translator, edition date).
Yes, you actually write the word "in" between the title of the article and the title of the collection. No, the word "in" is not italicized, and is not in quotations.
The title of the article and the title of the collection are both in italics.
As with books, don't put the author's name in italics or in large and small capital letters.
We'll talk about three basic types of periodicals: (1) newspapers, (2) consecutively paginated journals and reviews, and (3) non-consecutively paginated journals and reviews.
Other Secondary Source Tips
1. Remember to put the title of the article in italics.
2. Remember not to put the title of the secondary source in large and small caps for legal practice writing.
3. This lesson has only covered three types of secondary sources -- there are many other types of secondary sources. When you need to cite a secondary source, look up that secondary source's name in the index in the back of the Bluebook.
4. This lesson hasn't covered all the nuances of citing these secondary sources -- there's just not enough time. For more, look to these rules: books, rule 15; periodicals, rule 16.
Full Name of Author or Authors
Write the author's name as it appears -- do not put the last name first.
If two authors, join their names with an ampersand -- &.
If more than two authors, list only the first author and follow that immediately with et al.
Write the names in roman font -- no italicization, no weird capitalization.
Title of the Book
After the name of the author, put in a comma and then write the title of the book.
Unlike the author's name, the book title is in italics.
If you want to refer the reader to a specific page, include the page number after the title of the book.
The page number is in roman font -- it is not italicized.
There is no comma between the title and the page number.
Remember the same basic rules for pinciting pages -- drop repetitious digits but keep the last two digits.
(Editor/Translator, Edition Date).
After the pincite page, put the editor, translator, edition, and date of the book in a parenthetical.
If there is no editor or translator, then don't put an editor or translator in your parenthetical!
Note that there is no comma between the pincite page and the parenthetical. But there is a comma between the editor or translator and the edition. And there is no comma between the edition and the date.
Remember to appropriately abbreviate the edition -- 3d ed., not 3rd edition.
If you have an editor or translator, write the person's name and follow it with the appropriate designation -- Anthony E. Peacock, ed.
It's just like Bluebooking a book. Except now you add the name of the specific work in the collection before the name of the entire book.
The formula for Bluebooking a newspaper article is as follows: Author, Article name in italics Periodical Name, Full Date of Publication, at Page.
Example: David Perlmutt, Students road-test legal skills by assisting the poor, The Charlotte Observer, May 2, 2011, at 4B.
Consecutively Paginated Journals and Reviews
Law reviews and journals are excellent secondary sources for you to consult when faced with a new legal issue. Law reviews and journals are filled with articles written by legal practitioners, academics, and students.
The basic formula for a consecutively paginated journal is as follows: Author, Title of article in italics, volume number title of journal initial page, pincite page (year).
Consecutively Paginated v. Non-Consecutively Paginated
Consecutive pagination means that the journal keeps the same page numbering series from one edition of a volume to the next edition of the same volume.
Here's an example: Law reviews publish one single volume each year, but multiple editions within that volume. In the first edition of the year, the first page is 1. The last page of the first edition might be page 100. Then, in the second edition of that year, the first page will be 101. The second edtion will end on page 231. Then the third edition will start on page 232. That's consecutive pagination.
Compare that with a non-consecutively paginated periodical, like National Geographic. National Geographic magazine is published every month. But each new edition starts on page 1. One edition might end on page 152. But the next edition will restart the numbering on page 1. That's non-consecutive pagination.
Titles of Journals
Abbreviate titles of journals according to the tables in the Bluebook. Most reviews and journals are listed in Table 13.
If your review/journal is not listed in Table 13, then look up the individual words in the title in the other Tables.
Remember that, in our writing for legal practice, we don't use large and small capital letters.
Non-Consecutively Paginated Journals and Reviews
The formula for non-consecutive paginated journals/reviews is as follows: Author, title of article in italics, title of periodical, month and year of publication, at initial page of article, pincite page.
Put it all together!
Authors of Journal Articles
Because law review and journal articles are sometimes written by students, and because students may not have the same level of credibility as legal practitioners or academics, you need to tell your reader up front that this is a student work.
You can tell that it is a student work two ways: (1) the article will be called a Note or a Comment, and (2) the first footnote of the article will say that the author is a student.
See Bluebook rule 16.7.1 for more on citing student-written works.