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Transcript of Charlemagne
Basic Information about Charlemagne
Born: 747 AD, France
Died: January 28, 814 AD, Aachen, Germany
Height: 1.84 m
Parents: Bertrada of Laon, Pepin the Short
Children: Louis the Pious (successor), Pepin the Hunchback, Pepin of Italy and others.
Who was Charlemagne ??
Charles I also known as Charles the Great or more commonly as Charlemagne was one of the most important king of the Franks. He united Western Europe during the Middle Ages under the Frank's control.
Holy Roman Empire & Saxon War
Spread Christianity to conquer people.
Appointed nobles to rule local regions.
Set up the Missi Domenci (officials who checked on reads, listened to grievances, and saw that justice was done)
Keep accurate records.
Improved education and learning
Expansion of the Empire
Summary: Charlemagne extended Christian civilization, blended German, Roman, and Christian traditions, and set up a strong, efficient government. He also extended the empire to most of Western Europe, and improved education.
The Empire was Divided in Three Parts after Charlemagne's Death
Charlemagne defeated King Desiderius of the Lombards
Shortly after that Charles conquered Lombardy and Benevento.
At the same time Charlemagne declared war against the Saxons, a Germanic group that lived in the northeastern frontier of France.
Charlemagne defeated the duke of Bavaria in the eastern frontier and created the Bavarian duchy.
Charlemagne also moved war against the Slavic Kingdom Huns, a tribe settled along the Danube River.
Charlemagne enforced Christianity to all the lands that he conquered.
Pope Leo had been attacked in Rome. To bring back the order he had called upon the King for help. Charlemagne accordingly went to Rome to set these affairs of the Church in order, because all was in confusion. He spent the whole winter there. It was then that he was given the title of Emperor and Augustus. [Christmas 800]
By: Chiara Sgobbi, Julianna Steedman, Anna Miller, and Mariana Assis
EDUCATION & RELIGION
The war lasted thirty-three years. Both the sides fought with great fury. The Saxon often broke the terms with the Franks and Charlemagne did not let them go unpunished. The war ended in Gaul and Germany . The Saxons agreed Charlemagne’s terms. His terms were:
Renouncing their national religious customs and the worship of devils
Accepting the sacraments of the Christian faith and religion
Uniting with the Franks to form one people
Charlemagne gave the church goods and the pope large gifts. He had helped the pope many times run, defend and organize the Christians in poverty. They gave them money and food.
Charlemagne had little success in school however he promoted education across the empire. The most important studies of the time were part of his subjects and an important university was held in his residence.