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Vauban, Freiburg

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Kira Thomas

on 4 June 2014

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Transcript of Vauban, Freiburg

Vauban, Freiburg
Objectives: Sustainable living
Attractive, family-friendly quarter with attention to
commitment of citizens
building in community
ecologically aware living

Low-energy architecture

Preservation of the old tree stock with addition of new green spaces

Located 4 km South of city
center of Freiburg, Germany

Site of a former French military

Named after Sébastien Le Prestre
de Vauban

Construction began in 1994

Concept: Kohlhoff & Kohlhoff,
Densities & Patterns
2,000 Housing Units

Net Housing Density: 95 per ha

122 persons/ ha

Most streets are cul de sacs to limit car use. More networked pedestrian and bike paths

Residential streets with U-form

Two Central Parking Garage

Solar Settlement and Student area
Grassroots - formed by a citizen association

Building a place of your own

Social Cohesion

Single homes prohibited

Car-free living
Roles of Public Space and Landscape
Self governing Community Center Building

Green Belts - community gardens, playgrounds, recreational sites including a volleyball court and skate park

Try to integrate the city into the ecological landscape as much as possible
Key Design Elements
Strategies of Implementation
Some facts
Size: 41 ha

For 5,500 residents (Freiburg: 210,000) and created 600 jobs

Average age: ~ 28.7

Cars: 164 passenger cars per 1000 inhabitants

Low Energy standards

Passive Housing Units

District Heating Grid with Co-generation plant

Short Walking distances, Car sharing and good public transport

Ecological sewage systems with biogas

Solar Energy and Rain Water collection
1992: Local counsil of Freiburg > pull down everything and build a new quarter

1994: Competition

Meanwhile: partial asylum till 2003

1998: groundbreaking for first house

Following years: about 60 construction groups (e.g. first multi-family house with passive architecture)
aerial image 1992
Student area (rebuilt casern)
traffic-tranquilized residential street
serial houses with solar energy
former casern (1938)
solar energy
Full transcript