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Treaty Of Paris
Transcript of Treaty Of Paris
April of 1782
American representatives: Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, Henry Laurens, and John Adams
The British representatives: David Hartley and Richard Oswald
Signed in Paris, France at the Hotel d'York
Signed by John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and John Jay (representing the United States), and David Hartley (a member of the British Parliament representing the British monarch, King George III)
Benjamin Franklin was a strong proponent of Britain ceding the Province of Quebec to the United States
He believed that having British territory physically bordering American territory would cause conflict in the future. Britain refused.
To "forget all past misunderstandings and differences" and "secure to both perpetual peace and harmony."
To end the American Revolutionary War between Great Britain on one side and the United States of America
Britain agreed to remove all of its troops from the new nation
Set new borders for the United States
The United States agreed to allow British troops still in America to leave and also agreed to pay all existing debts owed to Great Britain
The United States also agreed not to persecute loyalists still in America and allow those that left America to return
On 20 Sept 1783 Britain acknowledged American independence and recognized a boundary along the center of the 4 northerly Great Lakes and from Lake of the Woods "due west" to the imagined location of the Mississippi's headwaters, then south along the Mississippi River
Key Points Of The Treaty
1.Acknowledging the United States (viz. the Colonies) to be free, sovereign and independent states, and that the British Crown and all heirs and successors relinquish claims to the Government, property, and territorial rights of the same, and every part thereof;
2.Establishing the boundaries between the United States and British North America;
3.Granting fishing rights to United States fishermen in the Grand Banks, off the coast of Newfoundland and in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence;
4.Recognizing the lawful contracted debts to be paid to creditors on either side;
5.The Congress of the Confederation will "earnestly recommend" to state legislatures to recognize the rightful owners of all confiscated lands "provide for the restitution of all estates, rights, and properties, which have been confiscated belonging to real British subjects (Loyalists)
6.United States will prevent future confiscations of the property of Loyalists;
7.Prisoners of war on both sides are to be released and all property left by the British army in the United States unmolested (including slaves);
8.Great Britain and the United States were each to be given perpetual access to the Mississippi River;
9.Territories captured by Americans subsequent to treaty will be returned without compensation;
10.Ratification of the treaty was to occur within six months from the signing by the contracting parties.
"Primary Documents in American History." Treaty of Paris: Primary Documents of American History (Virtual Programs & Services, Library of Congress). N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2014. <http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/paris.html>.
"Treaty of Paris (1783)." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 18 Feb. 2014. Web. 18 Feb. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Paris_(1783)>.
"Treaty of Paris 1783." The Canadian Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2014. <http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/treaty-of-paris-1783/>.
"Treaty of Paris of 1783." Social Studies For Kids. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2014. <http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/wwww/us/treatyofparis1783def.htm>.
Events that Lead to the Treaty of Paris
Battle of Lexington and Concord (April 1775)
In Lexington, Massachusetts American colonists answered King George the third's refusal to grant them political and economic power
Battle of Bunker Hill (1775)
Boston colonists had found that the British were going to send troops to take over the unoccupied hills of the city, so the Boston colonists were prepared to fight
The Canadian Invasion (1775-1776)
The colonist army launched a campaign and hoped to conquer the Quebec, the French speaking province of Canada that was under British rule
Battle of Long Island and White Plains (1776)
major victory for the British, were able to gain control over New York once again.
major defeat over American who under George Washington's discretion.
Battle of Saratoga (1777)
A big victory for the colonists and a major turning point in the war. Marked the entrance of France into the war and who joined the fight against the British
Battle of Capes (1781)
This was crucial battle for the colonists even though it did not directly involve them. This was a naval battle between the French and the British
Battle of Yorktown (1781)
Americans were able to capture Lord Cornwallis and his troops, causing the British to step forward and initiate peace negotiations.
Treaty of Paris (1783)
American Colonists and the British have established official compromises
Relation to American Revolution
-signed September 3 1783
-between American colonies and Britian
-granted America Independence
-Ended revolutionary war
-gave Americans trading rights
- put a stop to violence
- formed thirteen original American colonies
-series of treaties that established peace between English and their allied nations
-Treaty of Paris (1229), ended the Albigensian Crusade
Treaty of Paris (1259), between Henry III of England and Louis IX of France
Treaty of Paris (1303), between King Philip IV of France and King Edward I of England
Treaty of Paris (1323), Count Louis of Flanders relinquished Flemish claims over Zeeland
Treaty of Paris (1355), a land exchange between France and Savoy
Treaty of Paris (1623), between France, Savoy, and Venice against Spanish forces in Valtelline
Treaty of Paris (1657), established military alliance between France and England against Spain
Treaty of Paris (1761), established the third Bourbon Family Compact between France and Spain
Treaty of Paris (1763), ended the Seven Years' War/French and Indian War
Home. (n.d.). Our Documents -. Retrieved February 24, 2014, from http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=6
L’Encyclopédie de l’histoire du Québec / The Quebec History Encyclopedia. (n.d.). Treaty of Paris . Retrieved February 25, 2014, from http://faculty.marianopolis.edu/c.belanger/quebechistory/encyclopedia/TreatyofParis1783.htm
Primary Documents in American History. (n.d.). Treaty of Paris: Primary Documents of American History (Virtual Programs & Services, Library of Congress). Retrieved February 25, 2014, from http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/paris.html
proclamation by the united states
American Revolution War. (n.d.). The Battle of Bunker Hill. Retrieved February 22, 2014, from http://www.britishbattles.com/bunker-hill.htm
Copy & Paste|Parenthetical
American Revolution: Battle of Yorktown. (n.d.). About.com Military History. Retrieved February 21, 2014, from http://militaryhistory.about.com/od/americanrevolutio1/p/yorktown.htm
Battle Of Saratoga - Sept & Oct 1777. (n.d.). The Battle of Saratoga. Retrieved February 17, 2014, from http://www.saratoga.com/aboutsaratoga/battle-of-saratoga
Battle of Capes. (2014, February 14). National Parks Service. Retrieved February 22, 2014, from http://www.nps.gov/york/historyculture/battle-of-the-capes.htm
Battle of Lexington and Concord. (n.d.). Military Science (ROTC):. Retrieved February 20, 2014, from http://www.wpi.edu/academics/military/lexcon
The Battle of Long Island. (n.d.). British Battles. Retrieved February 19, 2014, from http://www.britishbattles.com/long-island.htm