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John Adams - Domestic Policy
Shelby Hawkinson 9 October 2012
Transcript of John Adams - Domestic Policy
As a Federalist, he supported a strong central government that would maintain order and preserve the union of the states.
Federalists also wanted to build the army and foster business and economy.
He was politically qualified for president, but personally unqualified, as he suffered from extreme self-doubt and drastic mood swings. The Man, The Myth, The Mess To restrict Democratic-Republicans, Adams introduced a series of acts:
The first was the Naturalization Act, which increased the number of years required in the country before an immigrant would become a citizen.
The required amount of time changed dramatically from 5 years to 14 years.
Because most immigrants favored Democratic-Republicanism, Adams thought his position in office would be protected by this act. Naturalization Act Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That any Alien being a free white person, who shall have resided within the limits and under the jurisdiction of the United States for the term of two years, may be admitted to become a citizen thereof on application to any common law Court of record in any one of the States wherein he shall have resided for the term of one year at least, and making proof to the satisfaction of such Court that he is a person of good character, and taking the oath or affirmation prescribed by law to support the Constitution of the United States, which Oath or Affirmation such Court shall administer, and the Clerk of such Court shall record such Application, and the proceedings thereon; and thereupon such person shall be considered as a Citizen of the United States. Naturalization Act: primary source Alien Acts: primary source On June 25, 1798, Adams established the Alien Act and the Alien Enemies Act.
The Alien Acts gave the president the power to deport aliens he deemed "dangerous," and to detain enemy aliens during war.
These acts targeted anyone considered threatening to Adams' authority, especially those whose "home countries" were at war with America. Alien Acts the policies
of a prezi-dent JOHN ADAMS Sedition Act Sedition Act: primary source Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions SUCCESS!!! "Peaceful Revolution of 1800" Essay Question The Sedition Act was put in place on July 14, 1798 with an "expiration date" planned for March 3, 1801 - just one day before Adams' presidency would end.
This act made it illegal for newspaper editors to criticize the president or his congress, with heavy fines for those who disobeyed.
This act was a clear response to Adams' unsuccessful rule and public disapproval.
The Sedition Act was in clear opposition to the First Amendment, but Adams still maintained the law. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That if any persons shall unlawfully combine or conspire together, with intent to oppose any measure or measures of the government of the United States, which are or shall be directed by proper authority, or to impede the operation of any law of the United States, or to intimidate or prevent any person holding a place or office in or under the government of the United States, from undertaking, performing or executing his trust or duty, and if any person or persons, with intent as aforesaid, shall counsel, advise or attempt to procure any insurrection, riot, unlawful assembly, or combination, whether such conspiracy, threatening, counsel, advice, or attempt shall have the proposed effect or not, he or they shall be deemed guilty of a high misdemeanor, and on conviction, before any court of the United States having jurisdiction thereof, shall be punished by a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars, and by imprisonment during a term not less than six months nor exceeding five years. In 1799, Thomas Jefferson and James Madison introduced legislation in Kentucky and Virginia, their respective states, to nullify the Alien and Sedition Acts.
They found the acts unconstitutional and believed they had a right and responsibility to oppose the laws.
This was the first time a state had dared to undermine federal law, and would eventually set a precedent for the Supreme Court to judge the constitutionality of later laws. One of the few successful legacies of Adams' presidency was his role in the development of an American navy.
Taking conflicts with France into consideration, Adams built the American naval force from 1798-1800.
Adams even added a position to the cabinet for these developments - the Secretary of the Navy.
Adams is thus viewed as the father of the American Navy. Adams was replaced as president by Thomas Jefferson on March 4, 1801.
This was the first time presidential power changed from one party to another.
Adams did not bow out gracefully - he felt slighted and left in the middle of the night.
Because American power shifted significantly without physical conflict, this election is sometimes referred to as a "Peaceful Revolution." Explain John Adams’ handling of America’s affairs, both foreign and domestic. How did these contribute to the success [or lack thereof] within his administration? http://www.ourdocuments.gov/document_data/document_images/doc_016_big.jpg http://www.indiana.edu/~kdhist/H105-documents-web/week08/naturalization1790.html http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/adams/filmmore/ps_sedition.html presentation by Abbey Haines...
Tessa Smith..... Multiple Choice Questions! A. Adams wanted to help the United States' population to increase.
B. Adams feared the public opinion and the Democratic-Republican party's power.
C. Adams hoped to unify the Democratic-Republican party and the Federalists.
D. Adams sought dictatorship. What was John Adams' greatest motivation for creating the Naturalization, Alien, and Sedition Acts? Although Adams is mostly remembered for his unsuccessful domestic policies, what is a positive legacy he left? A. He made the Alien and Sedition Acts.
B. He led the Democratic-Republicans in a peaceful revolution.
C. He helped create the National Bank.
D. Adams added a position to the President's Cabinet. What did the Sedition Act do? A. It restricted newspaper editors from publishing anything offensive to the president or government officials.
B. It violated the First Amendment.
C. It caused some states to assert their power to nullify federal laws.
D. All of the above. Timeline http://www.timetoast.com/timelines/john-adams-foreign-and-domestic-timeline To compare with Adams' foreign Policies, both the Naturalization Act and Alien Acts were created shortly before the French Quasi-War. The Sedition Act was passed a week after the French Quasi-War began. Article from American History about John Adams' presidency: http://www.ushistory.org/us/19d.asp
Article from Politico.com about the Naturalization Act: http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0609/23850.html
Article from American History about the Alien and Sedition Acts: http://www.ushistory.org/us/19e.asp Articles! Why did Adams think the Naturalization Act would protect his presidency? A. Most immigrants were Democratic-Republicans.
B. The American people were angered by immigrants.
C. It would earn him favor of Democratic-Republicans.
D. All of the Above The Alien Acts did all of the following EXCEPT: A. Give the president power to deport "dangerous aliens."
B. Refuse aliens their "natural rights" as men.
C. Give the president power to detain enemy aliens during war.
D. Both A and C. A. Intended to nullify Adams' unconstitutional Alien and Naturalization Acts
B. Were the first time a state attempted to usurp the authority of federal law.
C. Served as an example for effecting later judicial cases on a grand scale.
D. Were implemented by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, as a perceived responsibilty. The Kentucky Virginian Resolution Acts were all of the following EXCEPT: