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The Savannah River Basin
Transcript of The Savannah River Basin
The total miles of its streams and rivers are 198 miles.
It's the smallest river basin in North Carolina. The states and the order of which they move: Macon
Clay It starts from the southeastern side of the Appalachian Mountains in North Carolina. The basin leads to Georgia, then to South Carolina, Finally, it empties into the Atlantic Ocean. Interesting Facts The Savannah River Basin is the smallest river basin in North Carolina. The Savannah River Basin is the only river basin in North Carolina that has no part of the river for which it is named. It was named the Savannah River Basin because its major rivers are the sources of water for the tributaries of the Savannah River.
Also, the Savannah River also flows through South Carolina and empties into the Atlantic Ocean. Land Areas in the Basin Different Land Areas: 96% is forest/wetland.
2.1% is pastureland
Less than 1% is urban How they are Used About 90% is forested(as parks, sightseeing, unused)
About 10% is for human use(retirement homes, second homes, commercial resorts, etc.)
Much of the land is owned, esp. for parks. Environmental Concerns Water Quality Bodies of water inside and outside of the Basin Inside: Outside: Rare Species Moss: Fish: Threatened/Endangered: Places to Go and Things to See Significant areas Recreational Activities: Fun Places to Visit Destruction of Hemlock A non-native pest called the hemlock woolly adelgid sucks fluids from the tree, killing it. The loss of trees alters the cool, moist environments that shelter the unique plants and animals.
Without shade, water temperatures will rise, stressing cold-water species, like trout.
Also, sedimentation may occur from the death of tree root systems. Overall, water quality is in good condition, but some water sources are polluted by runoff from construction sites, paved and unpaved roads, and developed areas.
Water quality is excellent in major streams and small streams. Waterfalls are plentiful in different shapes and sizes; they are significant areas of the Savannah River Basin. Drift Falls is a popular, but dangerous, swimming area.
Rainbow Falls has drenching mists that create frequent rainbows. Walking, hiking, biking, and sightseeing are some recreational activities.
Some trails are multi-use, serving pedestrians, bicyclists, and the other recreational users.
Other trail can be set for different users, like bikers, hikers, and even for handicapped people.
Most plants cannot survive in the turbulent environment that the many waterfalls create.
The Carolina Star-Moss is known outside the Southern Appalachians only in the Dominican Republic and cling to cliffs in the basin.
Pringle's Moss is found elsewhere only in Mexico and attaches to rocks under running water. The basin has three endemic(restricted to only one place or region) fish: The Turquoise Darter, Blackband Darter, and Rosyface Chub. Green salamanders that live in damp, shaded crevices of cliff faces.
Peregrine Falcon-Because of the effects of pesticides, its population was wiped out from the eastern U.S. in the 1950s.
Rafinesque’s Big-eared Bat- A big-eared bat of the mountain subspecies.
The Swaison's warbler is a bird that can rarely be found in the mountains. The major rivers in the basin are the Chattooga, Horsepasture, Toxaway, Whitewater, and Thompson.
Because of the rugged scenery, the Chattooga River and a 4.5-mile segment of the Horsepasture River have been designated as National Wild and Scenic Rivers.
The Whitewater River contains the 411-foot Whitewater Falls, which is the tallest and most voluminous waterfall in the east of the Rockies.
The basin also contains several manmade lakes, including Lake Toxaway, a popular resort, is the largest. Only 2% of the Savannah River Basin is in North Carolina. Stekoa Creek is one of the largest polluted tributaries to the Chattooga. For over 30 years, it has been a great threat to Chattooga River's water quality.
Lake Jocassee was created by damming the tributaries of the Keowee River. Because its waters come directly from cold, clear, protected Appalachian streams, the lake remains cold and clear throughout the year. The North Carolina portion of the basin has no major dams. Questions?