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Stone Age Animals
Transcript of Stone Age Animals
Woolly mammoths are extinct relatives of today’s elephants. They lived during the last ice age, and they may have died off when the weather became warmer and their food supply changed. Humans may also be partly responsible for their disappearance due to hunting. Although the word “mammoth” has come to mean “huge,” woolly mammoths were probably about the size of African elephants.
Their ears were smaller than those of today’s elephants. This was probably an adaptation to the cold climate that kept their ears closer to their heads and kept them warmer. Their tusks were very long, about 15 feet (5 meters) and were used for fighting and digging in the deep snow. Mammoths were herbivores and ate mostly grass, but also ate other types of plants and flowers.
The Saber-Tooth Tiger was one was one of the most well known stone age animals but not much was known about it.Saber Tooth-Tigers roamed the mid-western US and parts of both North and South America and were named after there enormous canines witch skeletons show, they protruded quite far out of their mouths.It became extinct in the Quanternary period(the end of the dinosaur period) and during the ice age.
The Woolly Rhino first appeared some 350,000 years ago and may have survived until as recently as 10,000 years ago. Their fossils are fairly common and have been discovered throughout Europe and Asia. Well-preserved remains have been discovered frozen in ice and buried in oil-saturated soils. In Ukraine, a complete carcass of a female Woolly Rhino was discovered buried in the mud. The combination of oil and salt prevented the remains from decomposing, allowing the soft tissues to remain intact.
is technically classified as a sub-species of Panthera leo, the modern lion, a verdict confirmed by genetic sequencing of the Cave Lion's fossil remains. Essentially, this was a plus-sized cat that roamed the vast expanse of Eurasia, feasting on a wide array of mammalian aninals including prehistoric horses and prehistoric elephants. The Cave Lion was also a common predator of the Cave Bear, in fact, this cat received its name not because it lived in caves, but because numerous intact skeletons have been found in Cave Bear habitats (Cave Lions preyed repeatedly on hibernating Cave Bears, which must have seemed like a good idea until their intended victims woke up!
Enormous cave bears that once inhabited Europe were the first of the mega-mammals to die out, going extinct around 13 million earlier than was previously thought, according to a new estimate.
Why'd they go? In part because they were vegetarians.
The new extinction date, 27,800 years ago, coincides with a period of significant climate change, known as the Last Glacial Maximum, when a marked cooling in temperature resulted in a reduction or total loss of the vegetation that the cave bears ate (today’s brown bears are omnivores)