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Dyadic Adjustment Scale

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Adriann M

on 29 April 2014

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Transcript of Dyadic Adjustment Scale

Dyadic Adjustment Scale
Research Studies
Goodwin, R., & Gaines, S. O., Jr. (2004). Relationships beliefs and relationship quality across cultures: Country as a moderator of dysfunctional beliefs and relationship quality in three former communist societies. Personal Relationships, 11(3), 267-279.

Graham, J., Lui, Y., and Jeziourzki, J. (2006). Dyadic adjustment scale: A reliability generalization meta-analysis. Journal of Marriage and Family. 68(3), 701-717.
Developed by Dr. Graham Spainer
Influenced by the Locke-Wallace Martial Adjustment Test
It is a 32-item questionnaire using a Likert scale
11 items were taken from the Locke-Wallace Adjustment Test
Published in 1989 by MHS Inc.
"Most widely used measure of relationship quality in the social and behavioral sciences literature."
(Graham, Liu, & Jeziorski, 2006, p.701)
Has been used in more than 1,000 studies
"...used to assess relational quality as perceived by couples." (Sperry, 2012, p. 139)
Used for married, unmarried, cohabitating, and same-sex couples.
DSM-5 considerations:
V codes:
V61.10: Partner Relational Problem
V61.12: Physical Abuse of Adult, If by Partner
V62.12: Sexual Abuse of Adult, If by Partner
V61.9: Relational Problem Related to a Mental Disorder or General Medical Condition
V61.81: Relational Problem Not Otherwise Specified
Relationship beliefs and relationship quality across cultures
Dysfunctional beliefs explain the differences in relationship quality in Hungary, Russia, and Georgia.
Study wanted to compare how western literature applied to these countries.
Used the DAS to examine relationship quality.
Study found a negative correlation between dysfunctional relationship beliefs and relationship quality
(Goodwin & Gaines, 2004).
Dyadic adjustment scale: A reliability generalization meta-analysis
The purpose of this study was to examine reliability generalization such as internal consistency.
Used 403 articles that had "DAS" as a keyword to measure reliability.
Meta-analysis showed strong internal consistency of the measure itself and all 4 subscales.
"DAS meets its goal of producing a measure tha can be used to assess a wide range of romantic relationships"
Reading level: 8th grade
Scale can be completed by one or both partners in the relationship.
It takes approximately 5-10 minutes to complete the scale.
A briefer 14-item version is available.
Administrator can hand-score the scale in 5 minutes.
Total time: 15 minutes (max)
(Sperry, 2012)
Available from Multi-Health Systems Inc. (800) 456-3003
French,French-Canadian, Chinese, Italian, Korean, Turkish, & Spanish.
Spanier, G. (1976). Measuring dyadic adjustment: new scales for assessing the quality of marriage and similar dyads. Journal of Marriage and Family Therapy. 38(1), 15-28.

Spanier, G. (1989). Dyadic adjustment scale brochure. Retrieved March 20, 2014.

Sperry, L. (2012). Family assessment. Couples assessment strategy and inventories. P.140

Dyadic Consensus (13 items)
The degree to which the couple agrees on matters of importance to the relationship
Dyadic Satisfaction (10 items)
The degree to which the couple is satisfied with their relationship
Dyadic Cohesion (5 items)
The degree of closeness and shared activities experience by the couple
Affective Expression (4 items)
The degree of demonstrations of affection and sexual relationships
( Graham, Liu, & Jeziorski, 2006)
Scores range from 0-151
97 would be a cutoff for couple that were well adjusted or distressed
The higher the scores the more positive dyadic adjustment
(Graham, Liu, & Jeziorski, 2006)
A Quik-Score form and DOS-based computing scoring are available as well.
Test Construction
Criterion Related Validity
Divorced and married samples significant differed at the p < .001 level for each item on the scale
Concurrent Validity
Highly correlated with the Locke-Wallace Marital Adjustment Test with r= .86
Construct Validity
Factor analysis of the final 32 item scale measures the 4 subscales it supposed to.
Overall Cronbach's alpha = .96
Cronbach's alpha for:
Dyadic Consensus = .90
Dyadic Satisfaction = .94
Dyadic Cohesion = .86
Affectional Expression = .73
(Sperry, 2012, p. 140)
Strong psychometrics
High reliability
High validity
Easy and quick to administration and scoring
No sexual orientation bias
Norm Sample
Sample size from Centre County, PA
218 married individuals
109 males and females
94 divorced individuals
41 males and 49 females
All participants were of white decent
Participants were from working or middle class.
Mean age
Married: 35
Divorced: 30
Length of marriage in years
Married: 13
Divorced: 8.5
Children shared
Married: 2
Divorced: 1.6

Social Desirability
Differences in couples perceptions or interpretations of the measure
Underrepresented divorce sample
Sample size is not diverse
Full transcript