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Victoria Cogswell

on 5 September 2012

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Transcript of Irony

Definition: results from a contradiction between subject matter
and tone of voice, between what is being talked about
and how it is talked about.
the literary device used in the service of
sarcasm or satire
implies a discrepancy or incongruity Related Terms: Paradox a contradiction that is somewhat true
can be either a situation or statement
a statement as a figure of speech
provides shock value Overstatement also known as hyperbole=exaggeration
in the service of truth. Can be humorous
or grave, convincing or unconvincing Understatement saying less than one means Verbal Irony what is said is not what is meant Sarcasm implies ridicule on the colloquial level
bitter speech intended to hurt the feelings Satire implies ridicule on the literary level
formal term applied/used in literature
can be bitter or gentle
ridicules human folly or vice with the intent of bringing about
reform or drawing attention to folly or vice Some Types of Irony Dramatic Irony discrepancy between what the speaker says and
what the poem means. Speaker’s view contrary to
the author’s view.
Audience knows what the
characters don’t. Situational Irony discrepancy between actual circumstances and
those that would seem appropriate, between
what reader anticipates and what actually happens Usually a trivial subject is presented in a significant tone, a silly idea in a profound tone, a foolish argument in a scientific, an outrageous in a polite, a horrifying (as in Swift’s “A Modest Proposal”) in a rational, humble tone, and so on. Tools of the "Ironist" 1.exaggerated quantifiers: 2. inflated diction: 3. .convoluted, parenthetical sentence structure, with excessive restrictive and non-restrictive relative clauses, parallel constructions, even triple parallels. 4. Appeal to authority: scientific, philosophical, foreign terminology. 5. The “barb” or give away line held to the end of the paragraph. 6. cataloging- a long list
i.Look for contradiction in the expected
ii.Word connotation opposite of expected
iii.Commentary: “He says_________ but means__________” How to write about irony: a statement that contradicts itself; "`I always lie' is a paradox because if it is true it must be false" "I'm Lying to You" "I never travel without my diary. One should
always have something sensational to read in the train."
Oscar Wilde "The day was as normal as a group of seals with wings riding around on unicycles, assuming that you lived someplace where that was very normal."
-Lemony Snicket "Oh great! It's raining!" “so many,” “very much,” “most curious.” “employed my fancy,” “a vain of parsimony.” "This nymph, to the destruction of mankind,
nourished two locks, which graceful hung behind…
th’ adventurous Baron the bright locks admired;
he saw, he wished, and to the prize aspired." "This great cavity was filled with a kind of spongy substance, which the French anatomists call galimatias, and the English nonsense."
" I grant this food will be somewhat dear, and therefore very proper for landlords, who, as they have already devoured most of the parents, seem to have the best title to the children."
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