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Education for Extinction

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Michelle Manzione

on 25 February 2013

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Transcript of Education for Extinction

David Wallace Adams Education For Extinction Michelle Manzione Carrie Oehler Call for systematization
Thomas J Morgan
Standardized Curriculum
Compulsory Attendance
Student Recruitment
Financing
Purging System of Partisan Politics
Creating an apparatus for managing the bureaucracy
Results of Morgan's term Jason Payne Accommodation rather than retaliation
Charles Marshall's story
Pressure from parents and tribal leaders
Different forms of accommodation
Wohaw's sketch Hallie Kritsas Parent's opposed to Boarding Schools and
sending their children away
Why they opposed the schools
How they implemented this opposition
Crisis at Fort Hill
Students resisted Boarding Schools
How the students fought back Derek Wehunt American Indians and the Boarding
School Experience
John Osbron, Michelle Manzione, Carrie Oehler
Danny Welch, Cat Velez, Lizzie Marlin
Hallie Kritsas, Jason Payne & Derek Wehunt John Osbron Chapter 1: Reform Chapter 2: Models Chapter 3: System Danny Welch Chapter 4: Institution Cultural Transformation
Appearance
Naming
Discipline in Boarding Schools
Punishment
Drills
Disease and Death Cat Velez Chapter 5: Classroom Chapter 6: Rituals Lizzie Marlin Chapter 7: Resistance Chapter 8: Accommodation Chapter 9: Home Carrie Oehler Chapter 10: Policy Campaign against off-reservation boarding schools
Francis Ellington Leupp
Gradualism
Platform against off-reservation schools
Cruelness
Governmental Dependency
Need Native American culture (G. Stanely Hall & John Dewey) New developments in policy
Change in curriculum
Pluralism
The day school and public school movement
The 1928 Meriam Report The Reservation Day School
1860, 48 schools
Distinct advantages
Yet proved to be ineffective
The Reservation Boarding School
By late 1870's emerged as most efficient form of education
Drawbacks due to vacation
Eradicate the problems
The Off-Reservation Boarding School
Lt. Richard Henry Pratt
Prison to school
His success
Fort Marion to Hampton to Carlisle and more
The rise of off-reservation boarding schools Gender Relations
Tribal customs
Separation
Indian Football
Opportunity
Teach American values
Fight for land
Calendar Rituals
New Identity
Columbus Day, Thanksgiving, Christmas, Indian Citizenship Day, Washington's Birthday, Arbor Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day The English Language in the Classroom
Difficulties in teaching Indians how to speak English
Factors including age, illness and general frustration
Encouraged to speak only English and punished for not doing so
Other Aspects of Education
After English, the focus was shifted onto a variety of subjects: arithmetic, geography, nature study, physiology, and US history
Citizenship training in schools
Education and Work
Self -sufficient
Boys learned laborious skills: wagon building, shoe making, carpentry, and tailoring
Girls learned traditional roles of Victorian women: cooking, sewing, childcare, and cleaning
Shift from academics to industry
Encourage better understanding of money
"Outgoing" Programs - Students sent to live with middle-class families
Typically sent to farming families, although some were sent to cities
Experience was seen as positive for both the student and host family Civilization or Extinction
Indian question
Civilization is destined to triumph over savagery
Philanthropist organizations strive to civilize the savages
Offer civilization in exchange for land
Civilization through Education
John Oberly's three educational objectives
Teach the Indian how to work
Teach him about property rights
Make the Indian a citizen and enfranchise him
Taught native children elementary education, such as math and science followed by Christianity
Changing of an Era
As much as reformers thought they were and wanted to help the Natives they still preferred "civilized" life to "savage" life
Belief that civilized and savage life cannot successfully coexist
Civilized life will therefore always dominate savage life
Civilized life was no longer going to dominate savagery through brute force but assimilate it
Full transcript