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The Evolution of Beauty

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angela g

on 16 January 2014

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Transcript of The Evolution of Beauty

How do cultural interactions affect interpretations of beauty?

Florence de Asis
Angela Gensoli
Beauty

a combination of qualities, such as shape, color, or form, that pleases the aesthetic senses, especially the sight (Oxford Dictionary)
Cultural Interactions
two or more societies exchanging ideas

International Beauty Pageants
Alteration of Skin Tone
Tanning vs. Skin Whitening
Cultural Imperialism
Why do some find fair skin beautiful?
Hair Products
Weave, Hair Relaxers,
& "the Natural Look"
Slave women brushing the hair of children they were caring for
"double consciousness" -W.E.B. Dubois
Cosmetics
Plastic Surgery
Chinese and Korean fad
bigger eyes
heart shaped faces
The Evolution of Beauty:
diversity and diverse beauty ideal
--> cultural pride not just in pageants
but may also lead to ethnocentricity
Cultural Pride
"Black is Beautiful" Movement
Ethnocentrism
Unity & Self-Identity
Most common skin alteration globally
Historically
"Fair" skin is associated with higher social status
Pigmentoracy --> Colorism
"Colonial Mentality"
Why do others find tan skin beautiful?
tan
Tan is associated with
liesure time
being fit and healthy
Industrial Revolution
workers - work inside rather than outside
--> role reversal
Appreciation of Hip Hop culture in Japan
What cultural interactions led to this idealization of straight hair?
0:00-2:00

In what situations is it ethical to assert values into another culture?

However...
Weave was used in early Egyptian civilization
Afro-Columbian Hair Braiding Festivals

earliest use in Ancient Egypt
kohl used for health
also for religious purposes (also in other parts of Africa)
cosmetics around the world --> Popular, but considered unecessary
Some laws created to ban the use of cosmetics ( ex. Roman Republic)
Make-up used universally
Narrower beauty ideal


UK plastic surgery statistics
- the belief that one's ethnic or cultural group is centrally important, and that all other groups are measured in relation to one's own (i.e. Eurocentrism)
- cultural movement that emerged in the United States during the 1960's that dispelled the notion that "natural blacks" and their features were unattractive
- beauty ideals within cultures help promote unity, as well as a sense of self-identity as a culture (i.e. Miss Universe)
greater confidence
higher chance of success
avoid discrimination
Advantages
Disadvantages
puts user at greater risk for skin cancer
obsession -> unhealthy
"White-washing" in American Media
idealization of straight hair and lighter skin tone
Under what circumstances is it ethical to impose one's beliefs on another?
How does the interpretation of beauty affect culture (i.e. pop culture)?
Does the media have an ethical responsibility?
Disadvantages
Internalized racism
cultural self-hatred
Advantages
Unity through culture
1960s "Black is Beautiful Movement"
Afro-Columbian hairbraiding festivals
self-esteem and self-identity
Do you think that beauty ideals are shaped by culture and cultural interactions or by human fascination with the foreign and unattainable?
Work Cited

http://www.historyofcosmetics.net

http://stylecaster.com/timeline-sexy-defined-through-ages/

http://abcnews.go.com/Health/Wellness/tanning-study-shows-people-rated-hotter-darker-skin/story?id=12333040

http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Cultural_imperialism.html

http://anthro.palomar.edu/evolve/evolve_2.htm

http://groups.able2know.org/philforum/topic/3905-1

http://cswr.columbia.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/Bryant.-The-beauty-ideal-The-effects-of-European-standards-of-beauty-on-Black-women..pdf

http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/homo-consumericus/201004/beauty-culture-specific-or-universally-defined

http://www.ehow.com/about_5486239_history-hair-weaving.html

http://kwekudee-tripdownmemorylane.blogspot.com/2013/01/afro-colombian-hair-braiding-messages.html

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2323691/Stunning-hairstyles-inspired-slavery-Women-battle-children-s-plaits-colourful-Colombian-hair-contest.html
http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Cultural_imperialism.html

https://sites.google.com/site/earlycivilizationsoftheworld/ancient-egypt/make-up

http://fuzzytheory.wordpress.com/2010/04/14/a-history-of-fair-skin-preference-in-south-asia/

http://group.shiseido.com/rd/heritage/brightening.html



http://researchmatters.asu.edu/stories/asu-professor-discusses-african-american-hair-culture-1341

http://www.onlymyhealth.com/hair-weaving-its-techniques-1328612586

http://dashingcommunication.wordpress.com/author/dashingcommunication/page/2/

http://www.cnn.com/2011/WORLD/asiapcf/05/19/korea.beauty/index.html

http://www.cnn.com/2009/WORLD/asiapcf/09/09/india.skin/index.html?iref=hpmostpop#cnnSTCVideo

http://www.beautyredefined.net/beauty-whitewashed-how-white-ideals-exclude-women-of-color/
What justification does the media have for "white washing" images?
Which do you think is more influential on interpretations of beauty: language or media?
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