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Romeo and Juliet Background

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Michael Garrigan

on 20 March 2016

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Transcript of Romeo and Juliet Background

The Elizabethan Era
1533-1603
Queen Elizabeth
Parents were Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn
helped develop the English Renaissance because of her love for the arts
The term Renaissance means rebirth
Henry VIII was married to this woman
Henry didn't want to be married to Catherine anymore, so he split the church to create the Protestant church, which allowed divorce.
Catherine of Aragon
Spanish
Devote Catholic
Mother of Queen Mary a.k.a. Bloody Mary
Why did Henry want a divorce?
Because of her
Anne Boleyn was a high society girl that would come to all the parties at the palace.
They married, and Anne got pregnant three times. Only one produced a boy, but he was stillborn. The only living child was Elizabeth. So, Henry had her beheaded.
A little History about the Queen
Best Queen EVER
Never married
she had many suitors
marriage would mean having to choose between the Catholic and Protestant church.
Choosing would ignite the war between the religions again.
Focused on the arts
attended the theater often
funded theater groups
Life as an Elizabethan
The Clothes
Colors
indicated social class
rule-breakers would be punished because it was against the law to wear colors beyond your social class
Marriage
Women
no choice when finding a husband
usually arranged to benefit the father and groom, business deal
no rights: couldn't own property
cannot marry outside of social class
Health
4-8 people would live in one room
no sanitation, indoor plumbing, no knowledge of germs
"toilets" were buckets, and they would throw the waste out the window
Caused the spread of the Bubonic Plague
dentistry was deadly
English Law
Only boys could be formally educated.
Punishment for crimes was VERY HARSH.
Robbers would have limbs cut off by a saw, have fingers torn off, eyes dug out with hot pinchers, or death sentence.
Women gossips had sharp device put in mouth and, with any movement, the tongue would be cut or damaged.
For adultery, one would be attached to stool and continuously dunked under water until death
Beauty
Pale skin
a sign that the person didn't have to work outside.
High forehead
a sign that the person was very intelligent
William Shakespeare
Notice his high forehead. He shaved it to look like that.
Just the Facts
Born in 1564 in Stratford upon Avon
Died in 1616
At 18, Married to Anne Hathaway (26)
Had 3 children- Susanna, Judith and Hamnet (died at 11)
He wrote 37 plays
And that's all we really know for sure about the most famous playwright in the world.
The Globe Theatre
No roof
Lots of people
EVERYONE would go to the theater, from the Queen to the chimney sweep
The groundlings
Theatre Facts
No girls allowed!!
Plays were around 2:00 in the afternoon.
Germs were easily spread because of the close quarters, so it would be shutdown during the plague outbreak.
"a pair of star crossed lovers"
Juliet's Balcony
Juliet is fictional, but there was a real family called Capuleti that lived in Verona. This is the house they lived in.
Written around 1595
Capulets vs. Montagues
Takes place over 5 days
The Montagues
Romeo - first loves Rosaline; sees Juliet and forgets Rosaline.
Lord Montague - Romeo’s father
Lady Montague - Romeo’s mother
Benvolio - nephew of Montague and friend of Romeo
Balthasar - servant of Romeo
Abram - servant of Montague; enjoys fighting with Capulets
The Capulets
Juliet – daughter of Capulet; happy, innocent girl who loves Romeo
Lord and Lady Capulet - Juliet’s parents
Tybalt - Juliet’s cousin; likes to fight
Nurse - Juliet’s nanny and friend
Peter - servant to the Nurse
Sampson and Gregory – servants
The Others
Prince Escalus - ruler of Verona; tired of the fighting in the city and threatens anyone who disturbs the peace with death
Mercutio - relative of the prince and friend of Romeo (sides with Montague); serves as comic relief
Friar Laurence - a Franciscan priest; helps Romeo and Juliet; good man
Friar John - another Franciscan priest
Count Paris - a young nobleman and relative of the prince (sides with Capulet); Juliet’s parents arrange for her to marry him
Literary Terms
Pun

Mercutio: Nay, gentle Romeo, we must have you dance.
Romeo: Not I, believe me. You have dancing shoes with nimble soles; I have a soul of lead
a joke based on the use of a word or words that has multiple meanings.
Oxymoron
a figure of speech that combines two contradicting terms
Juliet: Beautiful tyrant! Fiend angelical!
Character Foil
a character who contrasts and balances another character in the story.
Benvolio is a peacemaker, while Tybalt is confrontational.
Catharsis
the point where a character accepts his/her fate.
Dramatic Irony
the audience knows something that the character on stage is not aware of.
Allusion
an indirect reference by casually mentioning something that is generally familiar like mythology, the Bible, history, etc.
Romeo: … She’ll not be hit With Cupid’s arrow; she hath Dian’s wit.
Tragic Flaw
a character’s trait that leads to his/her downfall or destruction.
Soliloquy
long speech given by a character directly to the audience; reveals private, inner thoughts about the character.
Monologue
long speech given by one character to other characters.
Aside
a “mini soliloquy;” lines whispered to the audience or one other character (not meant to be heard by everyone on stage)
Meter
rhythmic structure of poetic lines.
Couplet
a pair of rhyming lines with usually the same meter.
Blank Verse
unrhymed verse
Used by Shakespeare to show low social class or an informal conversation between friends.
Iambic Pentameter
a line of verse with ten syllables that is accented on every second beat.
Used by Shakespeare to show high social class or a formal conversation.
Romeo and Juliet
Verona, Italy
Types of Plays
Comedy
History
Tragedy
Happy endings
Based on real people and events
Flawed protagonist brings upon his own death
Shakespeare's contribution to our language
Understanding Iambic Pentameter
Full transcript