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Making Generalizations

by

Kimberley Hays

on 18 July 2013

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Transcript of Making Generalizations

Making Generalizations
Signal Words
Validity
Making Generalizations
What is a
Generalization
?
A
Generalization
is a statement that is true for
most
but
not all
of the people, things, animals, or circumstances it describes.
Words such as
most
,
usually
,
many
,
and
often
can signal
a
Generalization
.
A
generalization
can be:
valid
(based on facts)
invalid
(not based on facts).
To decide whether a
generalization
is
valid
, or not, ask yourself:
Is it based on enough examples?
Does your own experience support it?
Ms. Hays' Class
4/5 Combo
Room 74

2013-2014
1)
Many
people own cats.
2) Pet stores
often
carry cats, dogs, and fish.
3)
All
people love animals.




*
The third statement is
invalid
because the word
all
does not allow any exceptions. To be
valid
, every person in the world must love animals. *Someone in the world, somewhere, does not like animals.

A
Valid

Generalization
?


Talk to your table partner and discuss. Decide if this is
valid
or not, and list your reasons in your D.O.L. notebooks. (Hints: Is there a
signal
word? Think of lots of examples. Use your own experience, also.)

People love to travel.
Examples: Are These
Valid
?
Now
You
Try; Then
We'll
Discuss.

*
The first two statements are
valid
because what they claim are true for most of the things they describe.
Answer:
This statement is
Invalid
because "people" implies "all people." There must be one person in the world who does not like to travel.
:)
Now
Your
Turn
Cheetahs are usually a popular topic at my school. When I asked the librarian for a book on cheetahs, she said, "We have a hard time keeping books on cheetahs on the shelves. Cheetahs are such a popular topic that these books are usually out." I looked up cheetahs in the encyclopedia. They are the fastest land animals in the world over short distances. There can't be a more amazing animal than a cheetah!
Your Turn:
Now you will be doing Handout PMES 6-2
on your own
:)
Classwork
Full transcript