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Literary Terms

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ESL prezi

on 30 November 2014

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Transcript of Literary Terms

The repetition of initial consonant sounds in a group of word, such as dumb dogs don't dance.
A statement of the major point of a writing piece, such as stating the major point in a story.
An explanation which compares similar people, places, things, or ideas.
- A short account of an interesting or humorous event.

- Implied or suggested meaning of a word, such as "passed away" sounds better than "died", but they have the same denotation or definition.
- The point of greatest emotional impact in a story, such as in "The Hunger Games" when Katniss and Peeta are on top of the cornucopia.
- Information that shows, proves, or gives reason for making a judgement, such as stating a fact for an essay.
- A direct conversation between two or more characters, such as "Hi, how are you?"
"Good, you?"
- To extend ideas through the use of facts, descriptions, details, or quotations. Such as writing an essay.
Dramatic Irony
- Character is unaware of something, but the reader is, such as: the reader was waiting in suspense for the character to realize there was a bear behind them.
Literary Terms
An explanation which compares similar people, places, things, or ideas. Cardinals is to Cubs as Harry Potter is to Voldemort.
- A short account of an interesting or humorous event, such as telling your friend what happened at recess.

A statement of the major point of a writing piece, such as stating the major point in a story.

Author's Purpose-
The reason(s) an author has for writing a selection, such as a commercial persuading you to buy something.
-The overall emotional feeling of the details the author uses, such as a story making you feel sad or happy.
The process by which the writer reveals the personality of a character, a graphic or vivid description
Chronological Order-
Events in place of proper time order, such as a schedule.
-The dictionary definition of a word, such as respect-a feeling of deep admiration for someone or something due to their abilities or qualities.
- To correct a written work by checking for grammar, spelling, or punctuation errors, such as proofreading.
Fully expressed or defined, such as an answer to a question that is right in the story.
- A scene inserted into a story showing events that occurred in the past, such as in "Charlie and the Chocolate Factory" when Willy Wonka has visions of his childhood.
- Category of literature, such as Horror or Fantasy.
- The use of hints or clues to suggest action that is to come, such as the "Jaws" music.
- the expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, "I love doing the ironing."
- Topic being discussed or disputed, such as when the news discusses different events.
Person, place, or thing that provides information, such as a textbook.
- A request for information or detailed examination of matter, such as a question.
- An opinion or estimate made after careful consideration, such as how you feel about a piece of text.
- A play on words that involves the humorous use of a word to emphasize different meanings. Such as, "I used to be a banker, but I lost interest."
- Words that are spelled the way they sound, such as POP! or BOOM!

Allusion is an indirect reference to pop culture.
An example would be when people say "bazinga," they are referencing the show, "Big Bang Theory."

Another example is “Don’t act like a Romeo in front of her.”
– “Romeo” is a reference to Shakespeare’s Romeo, a lover of Juliet, in “Romeo and Juliet”

Another example is “When she lost her job, she acted like a Scrooge, and refused to buy anything that wasn’t necessary.” Scrooge was an extremely grumpy character from Charles Dickens’, "A Christmas Carol".
A conflict is a struggle between two opposing forces. There are four types of conflict.
-Character vs character conflict is when characters are fighting or arguing. One example of a character conflict is Scutt Farcus in the movie "A Christmas Story." He bullies the neighborhood children like Ralphie.
-Character vs. Nature conflict is when a character is upset because of the nature around them. Such as in, "Brian's Winter," when Brian has issues the bears. He also has a problem with the weather getting cooler.
-Character vs. self conflict is when a character has a hard time making choices. One example is if you were debating to go out with your friends or do your homework.
An inference is a conclusion drawn from prior knowledge, evidence, or clues.

An example of an inference would be when you figure out that two of the main characters are long lost siblings without the author telling you.

Another example of an inference would be in the excerpt from, "Call of the Wild" that we read in class, when the author doesn't tell you that Buck is a dog, but when he growls and snarls, you can infer that he is a dog.
so inference
much literary
Main Idea
The main idea is the most important thought or message in a paragraph or story.
One easy example of a main idea is in "The Boy Who Cried Wolf", the main idea is to teach children not to lie.

Another example is in "The Hunger Games," where the main idea is to make a difference, to be brave, and to stand up for what you believe in.
A plot is a series of related events that present and bring about the resolution of a conflict. When trying to find the plot of a story, just remember, Someone Wants, But, So...
Someone wants
- What does the main character want?
- What is the main conflict preventing the character from getting what they want?
- How does the main character attempt to get what they want? Does it work?
The plot of the story, "Cinderella" is Cinderella wants to go to the ball but she has nothing to wear, so the fairy godmother gives her a beautiful ballgown to wear to the ball.
The plot to "If I Stay" is Mia wants to decide if she should live without her family or die with them, but she hears what her friends and grandparents say about her so she makes her decision.
"Please." Mia begged. "No." Her mom said. "You have too much homework." "It's Friday, and I can do it Saturday or Sunday. Please let me go to the football game," she begged. "We have plans on those days," her mom said. "Ugh," Mia says, "Why do you have to be so mean to me?!" Her mom replies, "Mia, stop acting like one of those little divas from 'Toddlers and Tiaras,' I was going to let you go if you finished all of your homework, but not with this attitude!" Mia yelled back, "No you weren't, you're just saying that to shut me up!" as she stomped to her room. "I can't comprehend how someone could care so little that they sass their mother like that. I would have never done that," said Mia's mother to herself.
1. Find the allusion. 2. Find the alliteration. 3. Find the conflict.
4. State the main idea. 5. Make an inference about how Mia is feeling toward her mother right now. 6. State the Plot.
Character vs. society conflict is when a character is looked down on by society. In, "The Hunchback of Notre Dame," Quasimodo is looked down on by society.
Another example is in "The Thing About Georgie," Georgie is often
looked down on for being a dwarf.
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