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Eisenhower's Domestic Policy & Modern Republicanism

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Maris Hansen

on 20 May 2011

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Transcript of Eisenhower's Domestic Policy & Modern Republicanism

Eisenhower's Domestic Policy & Modern Republicanism Modern Republicanism Native American Relocation Military Industrial Complex a

s n between world wars (1922-1939), the united states military budget averaged $744 million per year 9
$36 billion set aside for War Department Alone o

r ntagonism shifted from Nazi Germany to Soviet Russia Interstate Highway and Defense System Act of 1956 Essential to national defense
Catalyst for economic growth
Authorized the construction of a national highway system ecretary of War Henry Stimson
- "If you are going to try to go to war, or to prepare for war, in a capitalistic country, you have got to let business make money out of the process or business won't work." "Middle Way" moderation distance from anti-communism zeal
intensified the loyalty program
conservative ideals timson
- "If you are going to try to go to war, or to prepare for war, in a capitalistic country, you have got to let business make money out of the process or business won't work." Welfare state grew 10 million more workers into the Social Security program
increased minimum wage
continuing government’s modest role in financing public housing
Department of Health, Education and Welfare (headed by Oveta Culp Hobby)
polio vaccinations
Interstate Highway and Defense System Interstate Highway System's Effects Between 1948 and 1989, $10 trillion spent on defense Costs payed by federal government
Spurred suburban expansion and growth
Industries improved significantly Fast-food
Automobile reversed the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 compensation, termination, and relocation compensation established the Indian Claims Comission
closed in 1978
settled 825 cases
compensation exceeding $800 million termination beginning in 1935, Eisenhower signed bills transferring jurisdiction over tribal land to state and local governments
loss of federally funded hospitals, schools, etc. devastated Indian tribes
cheap land up for grabs relocation began with a pilot program in 1948
involved more than 100,000 Native Americans by 1973
encouraged Indians to move to cities, bought them one-way bus tickets there
relocated them far away from original location
relocated Native Americans had a hard time adjusting and faced many difficulties
1/3 went back to the reservation Unforseen Consequences Air pollution
Energy consumption
Declining railroads
Decay of central cities Inspration for the interstate Highway System Eisenhower's experience in Transcontinental Motor Convoy dramatized the need for better highways
showed federal aid was necessary National Defense In case of ground invasion, Army would need good highways to transport troops across country World's First Nuclear Power Station Shippingport Atomic Power Station located in Beaver County, Pennslyvania
Reactor went online December 2, 1957, offline October 1982
Made to serve two purposes: Power aircraft carriers
Act as a prototype for commercial electrical generation Shippingport Atomic Power Station's General Statistics capable of a maximum output of 60We
experimental, light water moderated, thermal breeder reactor
transmuted Thorium 232 to Uranium 233 Eisenhower's Goal with Nuclear Power Atoms for Peace Speech
Wanted to avoid a nuclear confrontation
Directed nuclear energy for peace, rather than war
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