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airplanes in WWI and WWII
Transcript of airplanes in WWI and WWII
Tactics and Technology in
WWI and WWII The U.S. did not produce any aircraft of it's
own design during WWI. Some people don’t realize that the changes in aircraft between WWI and WWII were significant. The changes made a difference in how WWII was fought. The changes led advancements in modern warfare and modern aircraft. The U.S. did not produce any aircraft of its own design for use at the front during WWI. Airplanes were not mass-produced in WWI. Airplanes were considered expensive. Jets came out right after WWII, in 1945. Jets were never used in WWII, beyond simple recon missions but the prototypes began in 1940. Germany had ballistic missiles during WWII and even a V2 rocket that carried a nuclear payload. During the war the U.S. used one British plane as a prototype. Instead of beginning mass production, the U.S. government decided it would begin producing European type aircraft because it was cheaper. The U.S. government established the Naval Aircraft Factory (or NAF) at existing shipyards to design warplanes on water. That was just the beginning. NAF succeeded in designing and producing a number of naval airplanes. By the end of the war, the aircraft publication Jane’s (1919) listed 31 aircraft manufacturers in the United States. Only a few contributed productions that were used, and with the wars end production shrunk but airplane manufacturing had changed. It was no longer just on land. In WWII the Allies improved their use of tanks, trucks, aircraft and artillery. The Axis Powers did not. The Allies developed long-range fighters and bombers. The Germans developed the first S.A.M. or ground-to-air missile. Neither side used jets because the technology was not developed in time. The Germans did have a prototype that they used for recon. This was the big technology leap from WWI to WWII. There were many changes to aircraft between WWI and WWII. The technology, tactics and airplanes were the first step to the future. The End???