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William Shakespeare: An Introduction to the Great Poet/Playwright
Transcript of William Shakespeare: An Introduction to the Great Poet/Playwright
Poet and Playwright
What made him famous?
William Shakespeare was made famous because his works, both sonnets and plays, were written about humanity. Shakespeare was also well known for his ability to mold characters and to manipulate language. In fact, his works contain 29,000 words, which is 6 times more than the King James version of the bible, which was also written in his time period.
Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
And summer's lease hath all too short a date:
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
And often is his gold complexion dimm'd;
And every fair from fair sometime declines,
By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd;
But thy eternal summer shall not fade
Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest;
Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade,
When in eternal lines to time thou growest:
So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
So long lives this and this gives life to thee.
What is a sonnnet?
A sonnet is a 14 line poem that is written in iambic pentameter, which means a line of poetry has 10 syllables, and they always end in a rhyming couplet. They feature beautiful language, such as is found in Sonnet 18.
Shakespeare is best known as the world's best playwright. In total, he wrote 38 plays, in which 36 were published in 1623 in the first folio. This was published after Shakespeare had passed and was the first full collection of his works. 18 of the plays were first published in this collection. Most of his plays can be classified in 3 genres.
The histories were Shakespeare's earliest works. They were mostly written about England's royalty and their ascent into the throne.
The comedies were the next stage in his writing, in which these plays were the daring and bawdy tales of marriage gone wrong, cross dressing, and trickery. Think a combination of soap opera and jersey shore.
The tragedies are considered, by many, Shakespeare's best work. The tragedies typically follow one character and their fall from a position of nobility by way of his or her tragic flaw. One such play is the infamous Romeo and Juliet, which will we be studying.
Often used to show lower class characters
Letters (Depending on the Intent)
Only used by characters of nobility
Easier to remember for his actors
Ex: Act I, Scene 2, Line 44-50
When a character is speaking to oneself; think of it as the character's inner voice speaking outloud.
Aside - when a character speaks to the audience and is not heard by any other character on stage.
- All's Well
"Thou wilt fall backward when thou hast more wit."
Romeo and Juliet
Written in 1591-1595, published in 1597
Teenage Love (Star crossed lovers)
Popular, even today
Pop Culture Referenced
A 'true' love story
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