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Angkor/Khmer Empire

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by

Shae Hynes

on 14 November 2012

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Transcript of Angkor/Khmer Empire

Society Angkor/Khmer Empire In the Khmer Empire the thousands of villagers there had to supply the food for not only themselves but the king and the rest of his royal family. The main source of food they supplied was rice and fish as this was a daily diet they had. Angkor Wat was home to one million people or more, it is built upon water meaning it is literally floating. Their temples were made from stone and they made their houses out of wood. The Khmer villagers daily life was all about the king, obeying his commands such as bringing him food and building his temples to live in. Each Khmer family had a pond to themselves or to share with the neighbours around them, as they had to bathe seven times a day to get through the day because it was so hot there. Rice fields: It was built in approximately 35 years, and it took over 50,000 workers to build it. The moat around Angkor Wat took 5000 workers to dig out. The surface of the temple was covered in sandstone as laterite had lots of holes in it, even though sandstone had a rough surface when they rub to pieces together it creates a smooth surface to fit them together level. The sandstone blocks weighed 2-12 tonnes and they had to carry it either using their hands or they made contraptions to help them carry it. The texture of laterite. compared to sandstone. The texture of sandstone. Greatest Achievements Within the city walls they built a palace that they thought was heaven on earth and that building it would make a pathway to the after life. The king and his royal family in the Khmer Empire had a better life than the villagers as everything was brought to them and done for them. The king and his wife both wore golden clothes unlike the villagers who wore plain fabric but only on the bottom half. Suryavarman the second: Rise to Power One of the reasons the Khmer Empire came to power was because of the changing of the kings to suryavarman the second. He made the infantry stronger. The Angkor people are very smart, switched on people and water and rice was their key to success. The Khmer Empire dominated South East Asia, (800-1432AD). The Angkor/Khmer people used agriculture to create food for both survival and trade and the reason for this system was the Tonle Sap Lake, which was the provider of the water to grow the rice. Another reason why they came to power is there ability to direct and control the waters of the rivers and other water bodies. Also creating a few reservoirs, canals and irrigation systems helped them to harvest three or four lots of rice per year instead of one or two. A greatest achievement for the Angkor/Khmer Empire was the Tonle Sap Lake which provided water for the rice and it was good for the fishing industry. Angkor Wat was one of its greatest and most significant lasting achievements, with its detailed carvings and elaborate architecture of how it was built. The controlling of the water ways was not only a reason they came to power but also a greatest achievement they had as controlling the water meant they were able to harvest more rice and fish. Angkor Wat: Tonle Sap Lake: The Fall of the Empire The number one thing that caused the Empire to fall was their water management due to planting of so much rice caused soil erosion. As the Khmer people started to feel less devoted to the 'god king' they got a negative attitude to working and gained a not happy workface. The states around the Angkor/Khmer Empire started to grow stronger making them a threat to the Khmer Empire so in order to try and protect their Empire they had to yous there men to build a strong army. There were many wars as The Angkor/Khmer Empire grew weaker and most of there workers and villagers were taken as slaves. A change that also influenced the fall of the Empire was the shift and changing of the peoples religious beliefs. When King Indravarman the second changed his religion to Theravada Buddhism in the late 13th century it made alot of change to the Angkor/Khmer Empire as it was very different to Mahayana Buddhism because it meant the end of the kings being regarded to as 'god kings'. Angkor/Khmer wall face of their religion: The huge canals dug out by their people:
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