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Transcript of WW1,WW2 PROJECT
Cause of WWI
The cause of WWI in Europe was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand by Serbian Nationalists. This then caused a domino effect of things that eventually led to the start of WWI. The cause in the US was different than in Europe. Originally America had declared neutrality. The attack of American ships and people by Germany provoked the enter of WWI for U.S.
Treaty of Versailles
The treaty was made at the end of WWI to end it.
The treaty stopped the war between Germany and the Allied Powers.
The treaty was signed on June 28, 1919 by Germany, the U.S, the British Empire, France, Italy, and Japan in the Hall of Mirrors in Paris, France.
The treaty was registered by the Secretary of the League of Nations.
The treaty said that Germany had to accept that they caused WWI, lose control of the colonies, and to pay reparations.
Effects of WWI
Causes of WWII
Women's Role in WWII
NATO/ Warsaw Pact
Effects of WWII
Many of the women worked in factories to make ammunition, guns, tanks, jeeps, and much more equipment for the soldiers.
The women who worked in the factory had to work long hours, but they made a lot of money.
Women also worked in Defense Plants and volunteered for war-related organizations
At the end of the war, many women were forced to leave their jobs because the men returning from the war needed those jobs.
Born April 20,1889.
Became chancellor of Germany in 1933-1945.
Adolf was a dictator from 1934-1945.
His policies were the cause of World War two and the Holocaust.
Hitler applied twice to enter the Vienna Art Academy, but both times he got denied.
Hitler was awarded two Iron Crosses for bravery after surviving 4 years of WWI.
Adolf Hitler's dream was to become an artist, but after he got denied by an art academy he became a ruthless dictator that killed many people in his years.
Adolf Hitler died by committing suicide by a gunshot.
The impact of trench warfare on families was massive because it caused a lot of deaths
Not only did it cause a lot of deaths, but it also affected health of the soldiers in the battlefield.
Trenches were used to protect soldiers from getting killed, but still many died because of the trenches.
A trench was generally from 10 feet deep and 6 feet wide which meant many soldiers were crowded together and there was barely any room for those who were in the battlefield.
The Holocaust began in 1933 when Adolf Hitler came into power of Germany
The Holocaust ended in 1945 when the allied powers defeated the Nazis.
After WWI, the countries that participated in the war started to remember the soldiers that had died. Monuments were created for battles and soldiers. America created Veterans Day. It was a day to remember those who had fought in WWI.
11 million people were estimated to have died because of The Holocaust and 6 million of them were Jews.
The atomic bomb used purified uranium- 235 which was discovered by Albert Einstein.
Uranium was hard to extract at that time.
The United States Government started the "Manhattan Project" in 1939, which was where they researched and tested atomic bombs.
The atomic bomb weighed about 9,000 pounds.
The U.S used the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan because Japan unexpectedly bombed Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
The Holocaust killed two-thirds of Jews in Europe.
The cause of WWII in Europe was Hitler's invasions, that included the invasion of Czechoslovakia and Poland which was September 1st, 1939. The cause in America was the attack on Pearl Harbor by the Japanese on December 7, 1941.
The concentration camp was for the Jewish people that were workers and for them to perish.
After the end of World War Two, the League of Nations was disbanded and the United Nations was created. Veterans day was for all veterans instead of soldiers from WWI. Some of the boundries in Europe, as well as several countries were forced to rebuild. After the end of WWII the United States and Russia were now superpowers in the world.
The Battle of Verdun, 1916
French vs. German
Impact: The Germans used more resources than expected because they thought the battle was going to be short, but it was longer than they expected.
The NATO and Warsaw pacts were created almost as soon as the end of WWII. NATO was created to stop the spread of communism throughout the world, while the Warsaw pact was created to promote communism and the USSR (the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic). After WWII every country was either in NATO or the Warsaw pact. These two organizations started the Cold War.
The Christmas Truce was a battle where British and German soldiers had called a truce for Christmas. On Christmas Eve the soldiers started to sing Christmas carols. When dawn came the soldiers came out of their trenches and started to play football.
The attack took place in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on December 7, 1941.
The Japanese and Americans were involved in this battle.
The Japanese won.
It is important because it was a surprise attack from Japan so the american weren't ready for it and it led to the U.S dropping an atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
The attack also led the U.S to enter WWII.
It took place in Normandy, France on June 6, 1944.
The Americans, English, French, and German were involved in this battle.
The Axis and Allies
The Axis forces where a group of nations that fought with the Nazis
Countries in this include Germany, Italy and Japan.
Ally forces included France, England, the United States, the Soviet Union and China.
The leaders of the countries in the Axis powers were Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, and Emperor Hirohito.
The leaders of the countries in the Allied powers were Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, Charles De Gaulle, and Josef Stallin.
Uniforms in WWI and WWII
The Battle of The Somme, 1916
British vs. German
Impact: The battle cost the British 420,000 and cost the Germans 500,000 and cost the French 200,000 topping over 1,000,000 casualties.
The Americans, English, and French won.
It is important because it was the first time the Americans attacked in WWII.
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Battle of the Bulge
The battle took place on the borders of Belgium, Luxembourg, and Germany.
The U.S, United Kingdom, Canada, Belgium, Luxembourg, France, and Germany were involved in this battle.
The U.S, United Kingdom, Canada, Belgium, Luxembourg, and France won this battle.
It is important because the Germans used all their reinforcements to try to stop the advance of the Allied. Forces into Germany and they failed to stop them.
The defeat meant that the Germans couldn't stop the Allied Powers from coming into Germany.
Air Service green and black
Cavalry machine gun yellow and scarlet
Engineers scarlet and white
General officers gold
Infantry light blue
Infantry machine gun light blue and scarlet
Tank service gray
U.S WWI Uniforms
The color of trim identified the branch of service.
The U.S uniform was based off the British Tunic.
The U.S uniform was made of khaki.
U.S WWII Uniforms
The uniform was called the M-1943 uniform.
The main part of the uniform was the standardized M-1943 Field Jacket.
The uniform was made of windproof cotton sateen.
The jacket had a hood that could be taken off, strings that tightened at the waist, and two lower pockets.
Machine Gun: 4-6 men had to work them.
Rifle: Main gun the British used in the trenches.
Chlorine gas: The German Army were the first ones to use it. Caused a burning sensations in the throat and bad chest pains. If the wind was blowing the wrong direction some soldiers would kill their own troops.
Zeppelin ( Blimp): Carried machine guns and bombs.
Tanks: The first time a tank was used was in the battle of Somme.
Planes- Used to deliver bombs and to spy.
Torpedoes- Used by Germans to blow up ships .
Bayonet ( sort of like a knife)- To kill people.
Pistols- To shoot people.
Mortars ( launched grenades).
Karabiner 98k- German rifle.
Sturmgewehr 44- World's first assault rifle.
Thompson M1- Popular submachine gun.
MP38/40- Standard German submachine gun.
M1 Garand- First semi-automatic rifle.
Colt M1911- Semi-automatic handgun.
Sten- British Submachine gun.
MG34- German machine gun.
Bren- Britain's first light machine gun.
Adolf Hitler died April 30,1945.
Trenches were dirty, smelly, and contained diseases in WWI.
The open space between the two forces was called no man's land because one wanted to go there because they were afraid of getting killed.
Heavy rainfall made all trenches very muddy since there was nothing to cover the trenches.