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Teaching Listening and Speaking: From Theory to Practice
Transcript of Teaching Listening and Speaking: From Theory to Practice
Article by Jack C. Richards
Prezi by Sarah Lloyd Listening is often seen as an interpretive process. University exams now often include a listening component, acknowledging that listening skills are a main part of second language proficiency. Listening as Comprehension Assumes that the main function of listening in second language learning is to facilitate understanding of spoken discourse. 2 ways of understanding spoken discourse: bottom-up processing many traditional classroom activities for listening focus on this type of processing a strong knowledge of vocab and sentence structure is needed for this process top-down processing uses background knowledge in understanding the actual meaning of a message Listening strategies: Cognitive - which uses comprehension, storing and memory, and the using and retrieval processes Metacognitive- uses planning, monitoring, and evaluating Listening as aquisition:
The learner has to try to include new linguistic items into their language repertoire. next we will discuss:
The Teaching of Speaking Talk as interaction
(conversation) Talk as transaction
(focuses on what is said or done) Talk as performance
(public speaking, speeches) Teaching speaking:
1. informational needs analysis is the starting point
2. the instructor must decide what skills the course will focus on
3. determine the expected level of performance on a speaking task and the criteria that will be used to asses student performance. Discussion:
1. Think back on a time when you were learning a new language. How did building strong listening skills shape your learning of the language?
2. Between talk as interaction, transaction or performance, which would you focus on more with ELL's and why?
3 types of speaking: