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Transcript of Great Gatsby
An Analysis of the Motif of Seasons
in The Great Gatsby I. Introduction II. From Spring to Summer A. Nick introduces the story with a brief introduction about himself.
1.“Father agreed to finance me for a year, and after various delays I came East, permanently, I thought, in the spring of twenty-two” (3).
2. Spring is the season of birth; leads
to Nick introducing the story III. Autumn Falls with Reflection A. In the beginning of the book, Nick states “When I came from the East last autumn I felt that I
wanted the world to be in uniform and
at a sort of moral attention forever; I
wanted no more riotous excursions with
privileged glimpses into the human heart” (2). IV. Winter and Memories A. There is only one part of the story that refers to winter. Nick Caraway recalls that one of his “most vivid memories is of coming back West from school and later from college at Christmas time” (175).
1.This is followed with the “railroad
looking cheerful as Christmas itself
on the tracks beside the gate” (175).
2.Christmas is a time of rejoicing and bonding. This again contrasts what happened in the summer when Gatsby, Tom, and the others met on the hottest day. Statement of intent: F. Scott Fitzgerald’s book, The Great Gatsby, describes the story of two main characters, once paramours, which soon face the reality of life. By using Nick Caraway as the narrator of the story, Fitzgerald describes the plot with cunning imagery that the subtle details are able to foreshadow the fate of the main characters. How does this technique enable the reader to perceive mood and emotion from these characters? How does this contribute to the overall development of the plot? A. Everybody around the world is affected by weather.
B.In fictional works, seasons are
metaphors that compare to a
C.For Jay Gatsby, Daisy Buchanan, and Nick, they are unaware that not only does the weather and climate influence what type of emotions they will have, but what fate they will have in the future as well. B. Transitions to summer as “there was music from [Gatsby’s] house through the summer nights” (39).
1.Caraway is able to distinguish the type of person Gatsby is
2.The party is held so Gatsby can find Daisy C. “The next day was broiling, almost the last, certainly the warmest, of the summer…” (114-5).
1. The diction “broiling” is unappealing and foreshadows that a troubling events would occur
2. The quote is then followed by
the scene where Nick, Gatsby,
Daisy, Tom and Jordan meet
together in the Buchanan’s
household. VI. Conclusion A. Fitzgerald has incorporated a weather motif into the story to show another aspect into each character.
1. The occasional use of weather and climate has been twisted around and actually show the opposite.
2.The life cycle is used to show the development in Nick Caraway’s reflection
B. Overall, it embodies the fact while this book shows tone and emotion through the use of this technique, it gives the plot a fuller meaning as it connects with many themes and symbols to convey the meaning in each character. B.Fall shows the reflection, and deep-thought, one of the characteristics of a tragic hero.
1. Before Gatsby decides to lie in the pool, “the night had made a sharp difference in the weather and there was an autumn flavor in the air” (153).
2. Also fulfills his being of a tragic hero. Links the theme of a tragic hero and the motif of seasons together, displaying the ways that Fitzgerald is able to convey the meaning of the book. C.“‘Don’t be morbid,’ Jordan said. ‘Life starts all over again when it gets crisp in the fall.’” (118)
1. Jordan replies to Daisy when she
questions what life would be like
decades from now.
2. Shows that the two ladies do not show a worry for what the future has. D. Nick’s love for Jordan is even shown through her physical descriptions
1.“Her hair the color of an autumn leaf… she told me without comment that she was engaged to another man” (177).
2. Nick Caraway no longer has faith in anyone because they all have changed their personalities and actions, just like the weather B.“When we pulled out into the winter night and the real snow, our snow, began to stretch out beside us and twinkle against the windows, and the dim lights of small Wisconsin stations moved by, a sharp wild brace came suddenly into the air” (175).
1. Light has been a symbol for the
desire to reach the unachievable
American Dream. To Gatsby, he
thought that he would able to reach
his “green light” but only ended in failure.
2. The dimming of the lights show that the belief that achieving one’s goal is just an illusion. V. Downfall with Rain A. When Gatsby was finally ready to see Daisy again after many years, “the day agreed upon was pouring rain” (83).
1. As Gatsby encounters Daisy, he
becomes uncomfortable to the
point where he is clumsy and knocks
down Nick’s clock.
2. The rain takes place during the summer because this has happened between Jay Gatsby’s parties and the hottest day of the summer. B. After Gatsby has died, Nick arranges a funeral for Gatsby. “About five o’ clock our procession of three cars reached the cemetery and stopped in a thick drizzle beside the gate…” (174).
1. This surrounds the story with
melancholy and underscores the
arrival of very few people
2. The rain in this passage is thought to show the gloom of the entire scene. C.“’Blessed are the dead that rain falls on” (174-5).
1. The rain can be seen as a cleansing process.
2. This follows the archetype of reversed weather patterns, showing how rain can actually be a purifying element. Thank you for your attention.