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Charlotte Brontë: Biography

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Kristen Williams

on 11 March 2014

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Transcript of Charlotte Brontë: Biography


Charlotte Brontë: Biography
Birth and Early Life
Charlotte was born on April 21, 1816, the third child of Rev. Patrick Brontë and his wife Maria
Her sister Maria was born in 1813 (or 1814), sister Elizabeth in 1815, brother Patrick was born in 1817, sister Emily in 1818, and her sister Anne in 1820
She was born in Thornton, West Yorkshire to a fairly wealthy class
Charlotte's mother died in 1821 from cancer, and afterward the father became strict towards the children
The four oldest girls attended Cowan Bridge School, where Maria and Elizabeth fell ill and died in 1825
Charlotte became a mother figure for the younger children
Her father began tutoring the children, who became avid readers at a young age
Childhood and Teenage Years
Charlotte was raised in a strict Anglican home by her father and aunt after her mother's death
Charlotte and her siblings would play with toy soldiers, pretending they were their childhood heroes
These were the first stories Charlotte wrote
She then became a poet, writing sixty-five poems when she was fourteen
In 1833, Charlotte wrote the novella
The Green Dwarf
under a pseudonym
Charlotte wrote of her father "Solitary and misanthropic in his habits, though far from mad."
Jane Eyre
Published in 1847, it was one of the year's bestsellers
Charlotte's first novel
Written under the pseudonym "Currer Bell"
It is considered semi-autobiographical
Jane Eyre is a Victorian novel with Gothic and romantic
This is a "coming of age" story and is set in northern
England in the early 1800s
The male characters mimic the relationship Charlotte
had with her father
Other Works
The Green Dwarf
(1833)- Charlotte wrote under the pseudonym, "Wellesley"
Shirley: A Tale
(1849)- Charlotte was in the process of writing this novel when her brother, Emily, and Anne died tragically
The Professor: A Tale
(1857)- This novel was published after Charlotte's death
She also wrote countless poems, some of which have been published with other works contributed by her sisters
One of Her Poems
Charlotte's Legacy
On March 31, 1855, expecting a child, Brontë died of dehydration by complications associated with morning sickness (hyperemesis)
This could have been cured, but she considered this an opportunity to end her life
She is laid to rest in the family vault at Haworth Church
Some of her novels and poems were published after her death, including
The Professor
In 2004, the marriage of Charlotte Bronte to Arthur Bell Nicholls was re-enacted at Haworth Parish Church
Elizabeth Gaskell published
The Life of Charlotte Brontë
in 1857
Later Life
In 1842, Emily and Charlotte traveled to Brussels, where they became students and close friends
Both sisters became teachers in return for full tuition
In 1848 and 1849, within the span of eight months, her brother, Emily, and Anne died, respectively
Her brother died of chronic bronchitis, in September 1848, and was thought to have been addicted to opium
Emily died of tuberculosis in December of 1848, and Anne died of the same disease in May 1849
Charlotte became a teacher at Roe Head School and then a governess for two young children
In 1854, Charlotte married Arthur Nicholls, her father's curate, after refusing an initial proposal due to her father's disapproval of the match
On The Death Of Anne Brontë
THERE 's little joy in life for me,
And little terror in the grave ;
I 've lived the parting hour to see
Of one I would have died to save.

Calmly to watch the failing breath,
Wishing each sigh might be the last ;
Longing to see the shade of death
O'er those belovèd features cast.

The cloud, the stillness that must part
The darling of my life from me ;
And then to thank God from my heart,
To thank Him well and fervently ;

Although I knew that we had lost
The hope and glory of our life ;
And now, benighted, tempest-tossed,
Must bear alone the weary strife.

By Elizabeth, Kelsey D. and Kristen
Full transcript