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American Football

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by

Dimi Perepelkin

on 8 January 2016

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Transcript of American Football

Table of Contents
History of American Football
General
The protection
Offense
Defense
Superbowl
American Football in Germany
History of American Football
envolved from rugby

first football game played on 6th November 1869.
Scarlet Knights
(Rutger University)
vs.

Princeton Tigers
(Princeton University)

walter camp is considered as inventor of American football
General
field
fundamentals of the game
times
scoring

size:
120 yd x 53,3 yd

6400 yd²

at each end is a endzone (10 yd) and goal posts

yard lines =
10 yd
hash marks =
1 yd

1 yd = 0,9 m


After each try, the teams have
25 sec to prepare
for the next try (
Huddle
).

If the a player get with the ball
out of the field
the
time stops
.

breaks:
2 minutes
after
1.
and
3.
quarter
1
2 minutes
after the
2.
quarter

American Football is a
team sport
played by
two teams
of people with
11 players
on each side.

It is played with a ball that is pointed at both ends. Points are scored in many ways, usually by one team getting the ball into the end zone of the other team.

A team has
four chances
, or "downs", to advance the ball
10 yards
while the opposing team tries to stop it.
Touchdown
Field goal
conversion (after TD)
Extrakick (after TD)
6 Points
3 Points
2 Points
1 Point
The protection
Defense
The
role
of the defense is to
prevent
the offense from
scoring
by
tackling the ball carrier
or by forcing
turnovers
(interceptions or fumbles)

Touchdown
Field goal
conversion (after TD)
Extrakick (after TD)
6 Points
3 Points
2 Points
1 Point
Touchdown
Field goal
conversion (after TD)
Extrakick (after TD)
6 Points
3 Points
2 Points
1 Point
Defense Line
The defensive line consists of
defensive ends

(DE)
and
defensive tackles

(DT)
.

roles:
stop running plays on the inside and outside, to pressure the quarterback on passing plays, and to create space at the line so that the linebackers can break through.
Linebackers
Linebackers line up behind the defensive line but in front of the defensive backfield.

They are divided into two types:
middle linebackers (MLB)
and
outside linebackers (OLB)
.

Linebackers are the defensive leaders.

roles:
defending the run, pressuring the quarterback, and guarding backs, wide receivers and tight ends in the passing game.
Cornerbacks & Safeties
Cornerbacks

The cornerback position requires speed and agility.

roles:
cover receivers, to defend against pass offenses and make tackles.

Safeties

Safeties are the last line of defense, and are thus expected to be sure tacklers.

roles:
pass coverage towards the middle and sidelines of the field.
Super Bowl
Quarterback
famoust position
of American Football

role:
tell
the rest of his team
which play
the team will run

hand or pitch
the ball backwards to a
running back

on a
passing play
, the quarterback will try and
throw the ball
downfield to a wide receiver, tight end, or running back
Tight End
hybrid
position with the characteristics of
lineman
and
wide receiver

roles:
catch
a forward-
passed football
protect
the quarterback during passing plays





Wide Receiver
pass-catching specialist

Wide receivers are among the
fastest
and most
agile
players in the game.

role:
The wide receiver's principal role is to
catch passes
from the quarterback.
Running Back
A running back may be a halfback (in certain contexts also referred to as a tailback) or a fullback


role:
The primary roles of a running back are to
receive handoffs
from the quarterback for a
rushing play
, to
catch passes
from out of the backfield, and
to block.


Offense Line
The offensive line is
primarily
responsible for
blocking.

Center (C)
The center is the player who begins the play from scrimmage by
snapping the ball
to the Quarterback.

Offensive guard (G)
Two guards line up directly on either side of the center. The only role is to
block
the defense.

Offensive tackle (T)
Two tackles play outside of the guards. Their role is primarily to
block
on both running and passing plays.

The Offense
The offense is the side which is in
possession
of the
ball
.
Their job is it to advance the ball towards the opponent's end zone to
score points
.
The rules state that
seven
players have to be
on the line
of scrimmage and no more than
four
players
behind
it on every play.

The Super Bowl is the
championship game
of the
NFL
, the
highest level of professional American football
in the United States and one of the
biggest single-sport events
of the world.

The Super Bowl is every year at the
first sunday in February
.

For americans is the
super-bowl-sunday
like a national holiday.

The
television-rights
of the super bowl are the
most expensive
of the world (each season 4,2 billion $).

The
owners
of the
rights
are
NBC, FOX, CBS and ESPN


American Football
in Germany
The
beginning
of American Football in Germany is in the year
1945
.
Until 1979
it was
mainly played
by
american soldiers
.

Today you
can find
in almost every
big city
of Germany a american football team.

Teams in the close
Trier Stampers
Kaiserslautern Pikes
Saarland Hurricanes (Saarbrücken)
Montabaur Fighting Farmers
Mainz Golden Eagles
BK Thunderbirds (Bad Kreuznach)
by Dimitri Perepelkin
Full transcript