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Transcript of Portugal
D.Afonso Henriques was the first king of Portugal (1139) and the last one was D.Manuel II who had to escape abroad when the Republic was inplanted in 1910.
Inhabitants: 10 487 289 (data)
On 1926, António Oliveira Salazar, a professor at Coimbra University, is invited by the President to lead the Finantial Ministery.
Mr. Salazar then managed to maintain public order and public finance health, which were at stake since the Republic implantation. He's considered a national hero.
On 1933 he's nominated Council President, leading the country's executive power. A new Constitution is prepared. The Council President's power overrides the National Assembly and the Republic President. Although freedom and individual rights were considered, these were subordinate to the nation rights.
Censorship was applied to every form of communication including radio, tv, cinema, music, supervising political, religious and military subjects.
Political opponents were persucuted, arrested and tortured.
On August 1968, at the age of 79, Mr. Salazar falls off
a chair, and his head hits hard on the stone floor. He
never recovers and two years after, he past away.
Marcello Caetano steps forward as Council President.
On 1973 the Armed Forces Movement begin to meet
underground, with the purpose to end the dictatorship using military force.
On the 25th April 1974, Captain Salgueiro Maia leads a convoy of armored cars leaving from Santarém military headquarters toward Lisbon (80km) with the mission to occupy Terreiro do Paço, the ministeries in that main square of the capital and capture the Council President.
Marcello Caetano surrendered to the troops.
Freedom and Democracy were then acquired. Population cheered the military on the streets and after one year free elections took place. On 1976 the new Constitution is approved and is still in force nowadays.