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The Lutheran Liturgy and the Catechism

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Timothy Winterstein

on 26 September 2013

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Transcript of The Lutheran Liturgy and the Catechism

The Lutheran Liturgy and the Catechism
, have mercy upon us. Christ, have mercy upon us. Lord, have mercy upon us."
Glory be to God on high
: and on earth peace, goodwill toward men.
We praise Thee, we bless Thee, we worship Thee, we glorify Thee, we give thanks to Thee, for Thy great glory. O Lord God, heav'nly King, God the Father Almighty.

O Lord, the only-begotten Son, Jesus Christ; O Lord God, Lamb of God, Son of the Father, that takest away the sin of the world, have mercy upon us. Thou that takest away the sin of the world, receive our prayer. Thou that sittest at the right hand of God the Father, have mercy upon us.

For Thou only art holy; Thou only art the Lord. Thou only, O Christ, with the Holy Ghost, art most high in the glory of God the Father.
The Prayers of the Faithful
1 Timothy 2:1-4: "First of all, then, I urge that supplications, prayers, intercessions, and thanksgivings be made for all people, for kings and all who are in high positions, that we may lead a peaceful and quiet life, godly and dignified in every way. This is good, and it is pleasing in the sight of God our Savior, who desires all people to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth."
Preface and Proper Preface
"The Lord be with you."
"And with thy spirit."

"Lift up your hearts."
"We lift them up unto the Lord."

"Let us give thanks to the Lord, our God.
"It is meet and right so to do."
The Invocation
Confession and Absolution
"O almighty God, merciful Father,
"I, a poor, miserable sinner, confess unto You all my sins and iniquities with which I have ever offended You and justly deserved Your temporal and eternal punishment. But I am heartily sorry for them and sincerely repent of them, and I pray You of Your boundless mercy and for the sake of the holy, innocent, bitter sufferings and death of Your beloved Son, Jesus Christ, to be gracious and merciful to me, a poor, sinful being."
"Entrance": the true beginning of the Divine Service; usually verses of a Psalm, with an "antiphon" at the beginning and end, and the "Gloria Patri" ("Glory be to the Father...")
The Introit
The Kyrie
The Gloria in Excelsis
The Readings and Sermon
, holy, holy Lord God of Sabaoth; heav'n and earth are full of Thy glory, Hosanna, hosanna, hosanna in the highest. Blessed is He, blessed is He, blessed is He that cometh in the name of the Lord. Hosanna, hosanna, hosanna in the highest.
The Words of Jesus
Our Lord Jesus Christ, on the night when He was betrayed, took bread, and when He had given thanks, He broke it and gave it to the disciples and said:
"Take, eat, this is My body, which is given for you. This do in remembrance of Me."
The Lord's Prayer
Our Father who art in heaven, hallowed be
kingdom come,
will be done on earth as it is in heaven; give
this day our daily bread; and forgive
our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us; and lead
not into temptation, but deliver
from evil. For Thine is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever and ever. Amen.
Agnus Dei
O Christ, Thou Lamb of God, that takest away the sin of the world, have mercy upon us.
O Christ, Thou Lamb of God, that takest away the sin of the world, have mercy upon us.
O Christ, Thou Lamb of God, that takest away the sin of the world, grant us Thy peace. Amen.
Nunc Dimittis
Lord, now lettest Thou Thy servant depart in peace according to Thy word, for mine eyes have seen Thy salvation, which Thou hast prepared before the face of all people, a light to lighten the Gentiles and the glory of Thy people Israel. Glory be to the Father and to the Son and to the Holy Ghost; as it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.
The Communion
"Take and eat, the
Body of Christ
, given
for you

"Take and drink, the
Blood of Christ
, given
for you
"The Lord bless you and keep you. The Lord make His face shine upon you and be gracious to you. The Lord lift up His countenance upon you and give you peace."
"In the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit."
The First Commandment
"You shall have no other Gods."
What does this mean?
We should fear, love, and trust in God above all things.
The Second Commandment
"You shall not misuse the
of the Lord your God."
What does this mean?
We should
fear and love God
so that we
do not curse, swear, use satanic arts, lie, or deceive by His name
call upon it in every trouble, pray, praise, and give thanks
Exodus 33:18-34:8
18 Moses said, “Please show me your glory.” 19 And he said, “I will make all my goodness pass before you and will proclaim before you
my name ‘[Yahweh]
.’ And I will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will show mercy on whom I will show mercy. 20 But,” he said, “you cannot see my face, for man shall not see me and live.” 21 And [Yahweh] said, “Behold, there is a place by me where you shall stand on the rock, 22 and while my glory passes by I will put you in a cleft of the rock, and I will cover you with my hand until I have passed by. 23 Then I will take away my hand, and you shall see my back, but my face shall not be seen.”

34:1 [Yahweh] said to Moses, “Cut for yourself two tablets of stone like the first, and I will write on the tablets the words that were on the first tablets, which you broke. 2 Be ready by the morning, and come up in the morning to Mount Sinai, and present yourself there to me on the top of the mountain. 3 No one shall come up with you, and let no one be seen throughout all the mountain. Let no flocks or herds graze opposite that mountain.” 4 So Moses cut two tablets of stone like the first. And he rose early in the morning and went up on Mount Sinai, as [Yahweh] had commanded him, and took in his hand two tablets of stone. 5 [Yahweh] descended in the cloud and stood with him there, and proclaimed
the name of [Yahweh]
. 6 [Yahweh] passed before him and proclaimed,
“[Yahweh], [Yahweh], a God merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness, 7 keeping steadfast love for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, but who will by no means clear the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children and the children’s children, to the third and the fourth generation.”
8 And Moses quickly bowed his head toward the earth and worshiped.

Matthew 28:18-20
18 And Jesus came and said to them, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. 19 Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them
in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit
, 20 teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age.”
"What is Baptism?"
"Baptism is not just plain water, but it is the

included in God's command
combined with God's word
"How Can Water Do Such Great Things?"
not just water
, but the
word of God in and with the water does these things
, along with
the faith which trusts this word of God in the water
. For
without God's word the water is plain water and no Baptism
. But
with the word of God it is a Baptism, that is, a life-giving water, rich in grace, and a washing of the new birth in the Holy Spirit
, as St. Paul says in
Titus, chapter three:
He saved us
through the
washing of rebirth and renewal by the Holy Spirit
whom He poured out on us generously through Jesus Christ our Savior
, so that, having been justified by His grace, we might become heirs having the hope of eternal life. This is a trustworthy saying." (3:5-8)
The Close of the Commandments
"What does God say about all these commandments?"

He says, "...for I the LORD your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and the fourth generation of those who hate me, 6 but showing steadfast love to thousands of those who love me and keep my commandments."

"What does this mean?"

God threatens to punish all who break these commandments. Therefore, we should fear His wrath and not do anything against them. But He promises grace and every blessing to all who keep these commandments. Therefore, we should also love and trust in Him and gladly do what He commands.
What is the Law?
What does it tell us?
"Upon this your confession, I,
by virtue of my office
, as a called and ordained servant of the Word, announce the grace of God unto all of you, and in the stead and by the command of my Lord Jesus Christ I forgive you all your sins in the
of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit."
What is Confession?

"Confession has two parts. First, that we confess our sins, and second, that we receive absolution, that is, forgiveness, from the pastor as from God Himself, not doubting, but firmly believing that by it our sins are forgiven before God in heaven."
What sins should we confess?

"Before God we should plead guilty of all sins, even those we are not aware of, as we do in the
Lord's Prayer
; but before the pastor we should confess only those sins which we know and feel in our hearts."
"Forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us."
Which are these?

"Consider your place in life according to the Ten Commandments: Are you a father, mother, son, daughter, husband, wife, or worker? Have you been disobedient, unfaithful, or lazy? Have you been hot-tempered, rude, or quarrelsome? Have you hurt someone by your words and deeds? Have you stolen, been negligent, wasted anything, or done any harm?"
Individual Confession
"I, a poor sinner, plead guilty of all sins. I have lived as if God did not matter and as if I mattered most. My Lord's name I have not honored as I should; my worship and prayers have faltered. I have not let His love have its way with me, and so my love for others has failed. There are those whom I have hurt, and those whom I have failed to help. My thoughts and desires have been soiled with sin. ... What troubles me particularly is that...
The Office of the Keys
What is the Office of the Keys?

"The Office of the Keys is that special authority which Christ has given to His church on earth to forgive the sins of repentant sinners, but to withhold forgiveness from the unrepentant as long as they do not repent."
Where is this written?

"This is what St. John the Evangelist writes in chapter twenty:
The Lord Jesus breathed on His disciples and said, 'Receive the Holy Spirit. If you forgive anyone his sins, they are forgiven; if you do not forgive them, they are not forgiven
.' (John 20:22-23)"
What do you believe according to these words?

"I believe that when the called ministers of Christ deal with us according to His divine command, in particular when they exclude openly unrepentant sinners from the Christian congregation and absolve those who repent of their sins and want to do better, this is just as valid and certain, even in heaven, as if Christ our dear Lord dealt with us Himself."
Matthew 3:5-6
: Then Jerusalem and all Judea and all the region about the Jordan were going out to him, and they were being baptized by him in the river Jordan,
confessing their sins
James 5:16
: Therefore,
confess your sins one to another
and pray for one another, that you may be healed.
1 John 1:8-9
: If we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. If we
confess our sins
he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness
Propers and Ordinaries
"Propers": Things that change according to the day or season in the Church year
"Ordinaries": Things that stay the same throughout the Church year
Some examples of Propers: Introit, Collect, Gradual, Readings,
Preface, Hymns

Some examples of Ordinaries: Invocation, Kyrie, Gloria in Excelsis ("Glory in the Highest"), Sanctus ("Holy"), Agnus Dei ("Lamb of God"), Nunc Dimittis ("Now Dismiss"), Benediction
How is this (changing back and forth between things that change and things that stay the same) like your life?
"Lord, Have Mercy"
Mark 10:46-49
: And as he was leaving Jericho with his disciples and a great crowd, Bartimaeus, a blind beggar, the son of Timaeus, was sitting by the roadside. And when he heard that it was Jesus of Nazareth, he began to cry out and say, “Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!” And many rebuked him, telling him to be silent. But he cried out all the more, “Son of David, have mercy on me!” And Jesus stopped and said, “Call him.” And they called the blind man, saying to him, “Take heart. Get up; he is calling you.”
Luke 17:12-13
: And as he entered a village, he was met by ten lepers, who stood at a distance and lifted up their voices, saying, “Jesus, Master, have mercy on us.”
The Second Article of the Creed
What does this mean?
I believe that Jesus Christ, true God, begotten of the Father from eternity, and also true man, born of the virgin Mary, is my Lord, who has redeemed me, a lost and condemned person, purchased and won me from all sins, from death, and from the power of the devil; not with gold or silver, but with His holy, precious blood and with His innocent suffering and death, that I may be His own and live under Him in His kingdom and serve Him in everlasting righteousness, innocence, and blessedness, just as He is risen from the dead, lives and reigns to all eternity. This is most certainly true.
Lord = Redeemer
"Let this be the summary of this article, that the little word 'Lord' simply means the same as Redeemer, that is, he who has brought us back from the devil to God, from death to life, from sin to righteousness, and now keeps us safe there. ...
Indeed, the entire Gospel that we preach depends on the proper understanding of this article. Upon it all our salvation and blessedness are based, and it is so rich and broad that we can never learn it fully." (Large Catechism, Second Article)
"And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God and saying, 'Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace among those with whom he is pleased!'” (Luke 2:14)
"As he was drawing near—already on the way down the Mount of Olives—the whole multitude of his disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works that they had seen, saying, 'Blessed is the King who comes in the name of the Lord! Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!'" (Luke 19:37-38)
The Creed
The First Article
"I believe in God, the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth."
What does this mean?
I believe that God has made me and all creatures; that He has given me my body and soul, eyes, ears, and all my members, my reason and all my senses, and still takes care of them.
He also gives me clothing and shoes, food and drink, house and home, wife and children, land, animals, and all I have. He richly and daily provides me with all that I need to support this body and life.
He defends me against all danger and guards and protects me from all evil.
All this He does purely out of fatherly, divine goodness and mercy, without any merit or worthiness in me.. For all this it is my duty to thank and praise, serve and obey Him.
This is most certainly true.
The Third Article
"I believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy Christian church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen."
What does this mean?
I believe that I cannot by my own reason or strength believe in Jesus Christ, my Lord, or come to Him; but the Holy Spirit has called me by the Gospel, enlightened me with His gifts, sanctified and kept me in the true faith.
In the same way He calls, gathers, enlightens and sanctifies the whole Christian church on earth, and keeps it with Jesus Christ in the one true faith. In this Christian church He daily and richly forgives all my sins and the sins of all believers.
On the Last Day He will raise me and all the dead, and give eternal life to me and all believers in Christ.
This is most certainly true.
The Third Commandment
"Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy."

What does this mean?
We should fear and love God so that we do not despise preaching and His Word, but hold it sacred and gladly hear and learn it.
The Augsburg Confession
Article V: "So that we may obtain this [saving] faith,
the ministry of teaching the gospel
and administering the sacraments was instituted. For through
the Word
and the sacraments as through instruments the Holy Spirit is given, who effects faith where and when it pleases God in
those who hear the gospel
, that is to say, in those who hear that God, not on account of our own merits but on account of Christ, justifies those who believe that they are received into grace on account of Christ." [Galatians 3:14]
26 Now an angel of the Lord said to Philip, “Rise and go toward the south to the road that goes down from Jerusalem to Gaza.” This is a desert place. 27 And he rose and went. And there was an Ethiopian, a eunuch, a court official of Candace, queen of the Ethiopians, who was in charge of all her treasure. He had come to Jerusalem to worship 28 and was returning, seated in his chariot, and he was reading the prophet Isaiah. 29And the Spirit said to Philip, “Go over and join this chariot.” 30 So Philip ran to him and heard him reading Isaiah the prophet and asked, “Do you understand what you are reading?” 31 And he said, “How can I, unless someone guides me?” And he invited Philip to come up and sit with him. 32 Now the passage of the Scripture that he was reading was this:

“Like a sheep he was led to the slaughter
and like a lamb before its shearer is silent,
so he opens not his mouth.
33  In his humiliation justice was denied him.
Who can describe his generation?
For his life is taken away from the earth.”

34 And the eunuch said to Philip, “About whom, I ask you, does the prophet say this, about himself or about someone else?” 35 
Then Philip opened his mouth, and beginning with this Scripture he told him the good news about Jesus.
Acts 8:26-35
Introduction to the Lord's Prayer
"Our Father who art in heaven."

What does this mean?
With these words God tenderly invites us to believe that He is our true Father and that we are His true children, so that with all boldness and confidence we may ask Him as dear children ask their dear father.
The Large Catechism
"This we must know, that all our safety and protection consists in prayer alone. For we are far too weak against the devil and all his might and forces arrayed against us, trying to trample us underfoot. Therefore we must keep this in mind and grasp the weapons with which Christians are to arm themselves for resisting the devil. ... For whenever a good Christian prays, 'Dear Father, your will be done,' God replies from above, 'Yes, dear child, it shall be done indeed, in spite of the devil and all the world.'"
How to pray the Scriptures
nstruction: what does God teach us here?
hanksgiving: Give thanks for what God gives in the text
onfession: Confess sin exposed by the text
rayer: Pray a summary of the text

You can be sure that God hears you when you pray His Word back to Him
Luther's Morning Prayer
In the morning when you get up, make the sign of the holy cross and say:
"In the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. Amen."

Then, kneeling or standing, repeat the Creed and the Lord's Prayer. If you choose, you may also say this little prayer:
"I thank You, my heavenly Father, through Jesus Christ, Your dear Son, that You have kept me this night from all harm and danger; and I pray that You would keep me this day also from sin and every evil, that all my doings and life may please You. For into Your hands I commend myself, my body and soul, and all things. Let Your holy angel be with me, that the evil foe may have no power over me. Amen."
Then go joyfully to your work, singing a hymn, like that of the Ten Commandments, or whatever your devotion may suggest.
Luther's Evening Prayer
In the evening when you go to bed, make the sign of the holy cross and say:
"In the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. Amen."

Then, kneeling or standing, repeat the Creed and the Lord's Prayer. If you choose, you may also say this little prayer:
"I thank You, my heavenly Father, through Jesus Christ, Your dear Son, that You have graciously kept me this day; and I pray that You would forgive me all my sins where I have done wrong, and graciously keep me this night. For into Your hands I commend myself, my body and soul, and all things. Let Your holy angel be with me, that the evil foe may have no power over me. Amen."
Then go to sleep at once and in good cheer.
"It is truly meet, right, and salutary...evermore praising You and saying:
Ordinaries: Things that stay the same from week to week, season to season, and year to year. They are "ordinarily" done.
Propers: Things that change from week to week, and season to season. They are "proper" to a particular day or season.
Salutation/Preface/Proper Preface
Beginning of the second part of the Divine Service, the Service of the Sacrament (Lutheran Service Book, 194)

The second appearance of the
that appears three times (189, 194, 201), marking off the beginning, middle, and end of the Divine Service

We begin to ascend the second peak of the
two mountains
within the Divine Service (Readings/Sermon; Words of Jesus/Eating and Drinking)
Not "sabbath"!
Hebrew word for "hosts/armies"; here, for Yahweh, the commander of the heavenly angel armies
Another Hebrew word, which means "save us, please" or "save us now!"
A fearful vision: Isaiah 6:1-7
In the year that King Uzziah died I saw the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up; and the train of his robe filled the temple. Above him stood the seraphim. Each had six wings: with two he covered his face, and with two he covered his feet, and with two he flew. And one called to another and said:

“Holy, holy, holy is the LORD of hosts
[Yahweh Sabaoth];
the whole earth is full of his glory!”

And the foundations of the thresholds shook at the voice of him who called, and the house was filled with smoke. And I said: “Woe is me! For I am lost; for I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips; for my eyes have seen the King, the LORD of hosts!”
Then one of the seraphim flew to me, having in his hand a burning coal that he had taken with tongs from the altar. And he touched my mouth and said:
“Behold, this has touched your lips; your guilt is taken away, and your sin atoned for.”

literally, "burning ones"
A Triumphal Entry? Matthew 21:1-11
Now when they drew near to Jerusalem and came to Bethphage, to the Mount of Olives, then Jesus sent two disciples, saying to them, “Go into the village in front of you, and immediately you will find a donkey tied, and a colt with her. Untie them and bring them to me. If anyone says anything to you, you shall say, ‘The Lord needs them,’ and he will send them at once.” This took place to fulfill what was spoken by the prophet, saying,

“Say to the daughter of Zion,
‘Behold, your king is coming to you,
humble, and mounted on a donkey,
on a colt, the foal of a beast of burden.’ ”

The disciples went and did as Jesus had directed them. They brought the donkey and the colt and put on them their cloaks, and he sat on them. Most of the crowd spread their cloaks on the road, and others cut branches from the trees and spread them on the road. And the crowds that went before him and that followed him were shouting, “Hosanna to the Son of David! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest!” And when he entered Jerusalem, the whole city was stirred up, saying, “Who is this?” And the crowds said, “This is the prophet Jesus, from Nazareth of Galilee.”
What is the Benefit of This Eating and Drinking?
"These words,
'Given and shed for you for the forgiveness of sins,'
show us that in the Sacrament
forgiveness of sins
, and
are given through these words. For where there is
forgiveness of sins
, there is also
Remember Isaiah, the angel, and the coal!
Jesus Teaches His Disciples (And Us) To Pray
Matthew 6:7-13
“And when you pray, do not heap up empty phrases as the Gentiles do, for they think that they will be heard for their many words. Do not be like them, for your Father knows what you need before you ask him. Pray then like this:

“Our Father in heaven,
hallowed be your name.
  Your kingdom come,
your will be done,
on earth as it is in heaven.
  Give us this day our daily bread,
  and forgive us our debts,
as we also have forgiven our debtors.
  And lead us not into temptation,
but deliver us from evil.

Luke 11:1-4
"Now Jesus was praying in a certain place, and when he finished, one of his disciples said to him, 'Lord, teach us to pray, as John taught his disciples.' And he said to them, 'When you pray, say:

"Father, hallowed be your name.
Your kingdom come.
Give us each day our daily bread,
and forgive us our sins,
for we ourselves forgive everyone who is indebted to us.
And lead us not into temptation."'"

In the same way also He took the cup after supper, and when He had given thanks, He gave it to them, saying:
"Drink of it, all of you; this cup is the new testament in My blood, which is shed for you for the forgiveness of sins. This do, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me."
Pax Domini
"The peace of the Lord be with you always."
How many times can you find the word "peace" in the Divine Service?
Amen, amen, amen.
[The "antiphon" comes from speaking Psalms opposite of one another, such as on two opposite mountains]
[The "Shepherds' Plain," close to where the angels appeared to them]
What is the Sacrament of the Altar?
It is the true body and blood of our Lord Jesus Christ under the bread and wine, instituted by Christ Himself for us Christians to eat and to drink.
Where is this written?
The holy Evangelists Matthew, Mark, Luke, and St. Paul write:
Our Lord Jesus Christ, on the night when He was betrayed, took bread, and when He had given thanks, He broke it and gave it to the disciples and said: "Take, eat; this is My body, which is given for you. This do in remembrance of Me."
In the same way also He took the cup after supper, and when He had given thanks, He gave it to them, saying, "Drink of it, all of you; this cup is the new testament in My blood, which is shed for you for the forgiveness of sins. This do, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me."
Isaiah 53:4-7:
Surely he has borne our griefs
and carried our sorrows;
yet we esteemed him stricken,
smitten by God, and afflicted.
But he was pierced for our transgressions; he was crushed for our iniquities;
upon him was the chastisement that brought us peace, and with his wounds we are healed. All we like sheep have gone astray;
we have turned—every one—to his own way;
and the LORD has laid on him
the iniquity of us all.
He was oppressed, and he was afflicted,
yet he opened not his mouth; like a lamb that is led to the slaughter,
and like a sheep that before its shearers is silent,
so he opened not his mouth.

John 1:29, 35-36:
The next day he saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!

The next day again John was standing with two of his disciples, and he looked at Jesus as he walked by and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God!”
Revelation 4:11-12:

Then I looked, and I heard around the throne and the living creatures and the elders the voice of many angels, numbering myriads of myriads and thousands of thousands, saying with a loud voice,

“Worthy is the Lamb who was slain, to receive power and wealth and wisdom and might
and honor and glory and blessing!”

What is the benefit of this eating and drinking?
These words "
given and shed for you for the forgiveness of sins
," show us that in the Sacrament
forgiveness of sins, life, and salvation
are given us through these words. For where there is
forgiveness of sins
, there is also
life and salvation
How can bodily eating and drinking do such great things?
Certainly not just eating and drinking do these things, but the words written here: "
Given and shed for you for the forgiveness of sins
." These words, along with the bodily eating and drinking, are the main thing in the Sacrament. Whoever believes these words has exactly what they say: "
forgiveness of sins
What three things are necessary for Christ's Supper?

Two things for a valid Supper, one for it to be good for you
From the Large Catechism:
"In conclusion, now that we have the right interpretation and teaching concerning the sacrament, there is also great need to admonish and encourage us so that we do not let this great a treasure, which is daily administered and distributed among Christians, pass by to no purpose. What I mean is that those who want to be Christians should prepare themselves to receive this blessed sacrament frequently.... Indeed, precisely his words, 'as often as you do it,' imply that we should do it frequently. ...
It is certainly true, as I have found in my own experience, and as everyone will find in his or her own case, that if a person stays away from the sacrament, day by day he or she will become more callous and cold and will eventually spurn it altogether. ...
If you are burdened and feel your weakness, go joyfully to the sacrament and let yourself be refreshed, comforted, and strengthened. ... If you cannot feel the need, at least believe the Scriptures...But the fact that we do not feel it is all the worse, for it is a sign that ours is a leprous flesh, which feels nothing although it rages with disease and gnaws away at itself...In short, the less you feel your sins and infirmities, the more reason you have to go to the sacrament and seek its help and remedy. ...
The only reason we go about so securely and heedlessly is that we neither imagine nor believe that we are in the flesh, in the wicked world, or under the kingdom of the devil."
Luke 2:25-38:
Now there was a man in Jerusalem, whose name was Simeon, and this man was righteous and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was upon him. And it had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he would not see death before he had seen the Lord’s Christ. And he came in the Spirit into the temple, and when the parents brought in the child Jesus, to do for him according to the custom of the Law, he took him up in his arms and blessed God and said,

“Lord, now you are letting your servant depart in peace, according to your word;
for my eyes have seen your salvation that you have prepared in the presence of all peoples,
a light for revelation to the Gentiles,
and for glory to your people Israel.”

And his father and his mother marveled at what was said about him. And Simeon blessed them and said to Mary his mother, “Behold, this child is appointed for the fall and rising of many in Israel, and for a sign that is opposed (and a sword will pierce through your own soul also), so that thoughts from many hearts may be revealed.” And there was a prophetess, Anna, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher. She was advanced in years, having lived with her husband seven years from when she was a virgin, and then as a widow until she was eighty-four. She did not depart from the temple, worshiping with fasting and prayer night and day. And coming up at that very hour she began to give thanks to God and to speak of him to all who were waiting for the redemption of Jerusalem.
"A Light to illumine the Gentiles"
"We go to the Sacrament of the Altar as if going to our death, so that we go to our death as if going to the Sacrament."
Numbers 6:22-27:
The LORD spoke to Moses, saying, “Speak to Aaron and his sons, saying, Thus you shall bless the people of Israel: you shall say to them,

The LORD bless you and keep you;
the LORD make his face to shine upon you and be gracious to you;
the LORD lift up his countenance upon you and give you peace.

“So shall they put my name upon the people of Israel, and I will bless them.”
"The oldest surviving fragment of the Bible is a 2700 year old piece of parchment housed in the Israel Museum, and contains 15 words, this blessing from Numbers 6...It is so old that it is not written in the Hebrew alphabet as we recognize it today, which dates from the Babylonian exile [post-586 BC], but rather in the ancient Semitic script, the first alphabet known to mankind."
The Conclusion to the Lord's Prayer
What does this mean?
This means that I should be certain that these petitions [prayers] are pleasing to our Father in heaven, and are heard by Him; for He Himself has commanded us to pray in this way and has promised to hear us.
Amen, amen means "Yes, yes, it shall be so."
For Communion preparation, see the Christian Questions with their Answers (Catechism, pp. 40-44)
Post-Communion prayer: "we implore You that of Your mercy You would strengthen us through the same [Sacrament]
in faith toward You and in fervent love toward one another
" (LSB 201)
For "fervent love toward one another," see the Table of Duties (Catechism, pp. 35-39)
Full transcript