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Wernher von Braun's - Contribution to Space Exploration

Wernher von Braun, a legendary German rocket scientist which took the Americans to the moon with the legendary Saturn V.

Danail Starkovski

on 4 December 2011

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Transcript of Wernher von Braun's - Contribution to Space Exploration

Wernher Von Braun (March 23, 1912 – June 16, 1977) Wernher von Braun was a German rocket scientist, aerospace engineer, space architect, and one of the leading figures in the development of rocket technology. From the age of 17 years old he had a dreamed of space exploration, by taking man kind to Mars. Although his rockets did not reach Mars they certainly did take the Americans to the Moon and back. Early Life Von Braun was born in Wirsitz, Germany in 1912, the second of three brothers. The browns were farmers and soldier no one would of thought that Warnher von Braun's passion for astronomy, would turn into a glittering career only the most intellectual and dedicated could peruse. As a youth he became enamored with the possibilities of space exploration by reading the science fiction of Jules Verne and H.G. Wells, and from the science fact writings of Hermann Oberth, whose 1923 classic study, Die Rakete zu den Planetenräumen (By Rocket to Space), prompted young von Braun to master calculus and trigonometry so he could understand the physics of rocketry. Due to the limited education Europe provided for the study of space travel, Wernher Von Braun met Hermann Oberth (one of the founding fathers of rocketry and astronautics) and became a student of his not long after. In the early years of the 20th century rocket science was rejected as "utopian". Von Braun's dreams and studies told him otherwise, he was determined and clear that this objective of space travel he had was capable by mankind and would come with great rewards if accomplished. Hermann Oberth Hermann Oberth and the young Wernher von Braun Funding was poor for rocketry science in that period and as a means of furthering his desire to build large and capable rockets, in 1932 he went to work for the German army to develop ballistic missiles. Thus World War Two Adolf Hitler sees potential in Von Braun's rockets and demands a wonder weapon. In return Von Broun built him the V–2 ballistic missile The War was over and Von Borown and his "rocket team"
were brought to America to further their fantastic work (the V-2 Ballistic Missile) in which was highly valued and encouraged. Adulf Hitler Werner von Braun Post 1945 to 1961 Von Brace and his "rocket team" continually strengthened the rocket power of the American army (Korean war, Vietnam war and Cold war). And in their own sense of mind increase the chances of space exploration. 1961-1963 •When John Fitzgerald Kennedy became President of the united states, he saw greater use for the rockets that the rocket team and Von Braun had built. Kennedy's intentions were clear, to get an advantage in the cold war against the soviet union and the only way to do this was through the competitive space race which showed the technological and scientific power amongst the two countries. Von Braun showed Kennedy what he had to offer and what the future may hold concerning space exploration. Von Braun finally had got the funds to contribute to space exploration. He has waited and worked for this chance his whole life, and now he was determined to engineer a rocket sophisticated enough to realm the vacuum of space.

Von Braun and his "rocket them" had a different vision (space travel) and they new that the only way they could succeed was by the funding in which war has provided them.

Only Von Braun and his "rocket team" knew the greatness of the rockets guidance system, liquid fuel capacity, speed and design they had engineered for the contribution to space travel and space exploration.
A liquid propellant missile extending 14 meters in length and weighing 27,000 and 12,247 kilograms, the V-2 flew at speeds in excess of 5,633 kilometres per hour and delivered a 998-kilogram warhead to a target 805 kilometres away. The guidance system for these missiles was imperfect and many did not reach their targets, but they struck without warning and there was no defence against them. Many people died both Germans and Jewish slaves while building and launching the v-2 rocket, although an even greater number of Adolf Hitler's primary target of the Allied forces (America, France, and Great Britain) died as the v-2 served its cause. Bibliography -Tom Irvine.March 11, 2006.http://www.vibrationdata.com/SpaceRace.htm.(accessed 02/12/11) Summary of Warher Von Braun's Contribution to Space Exploration -Mark Walker.May-June 2008.http://www.andyross.net/braun.htm(assessed on 01/12/11 Web-sites -Wikipedia.1 December 2011 at 18:40.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saturn_V( assessed on 02/12/11) Von Braun worked on the US Army intermediate range ballistic missile (IRBM) program before his group was assimilated by NASA, under which he served as director of the newly formed Marshall Space Flight Center and as the chief architect of the Saturn V launch vehicle, the superbooster that propelled the Apollo spacecraft to the Moon.[3] According to one NASA source, he is "without doubt, the greatest rocket scientist in history."[citation needed] His crowning achievement was to lead the development of the Saturn V booster rocket that helped land the first men on the Moon in July 1969."[4] In 1975 he received the National Medal of Science.

EXTRACT from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wernher_von_Braun -Wikipedia.4 December 2011 at 02:08.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wernher_von_Braun(assessed on 03/12/11) Documentories -Space Race.2005.Documentary/Drama. -Wernher von Braun: Rocket Man for War and Peace.2007.dw-tv (can view on youtube) There were many attempts and failures though out the missions set. Astronauts died and millions of dollars worth of technology, fuel, equipment and time gone in less than a minute even before they exited the Earth's atmosphere. Despite all the trial and error, Von Braun and his team did not give up, they used it as a learning curve to achieve the unimaginable. These were the contributions mad by Von Braun to space exploration. -npr.December 4, 2011.http://www.npr.org/2011/01/26/4748778/timeline-americas-space-program (asswessed on 03/12/11) May 5th, 1961 Americas first spaceflight Astronaut Alan B.Shepard Jr was the first American in space. The spaceflight was approximately 15 minutes and reached a speed of 5,100 mph. The spacecraft was known as the Freedom 7. February 20, 1962 Orbiting the Earth Aboard the friendship 7 John Glenn became the first
man to circle the earth. He completed a total
of 3 orbits.
June 3-7, 1965 Frist space walk by an American December 21-27, 1968 Apollo 8 Orbits the moon Three astronaughts orbited the moon
on christmas. July, 16-24, 1969 Apollo 11 MOON LANDING Withought Von Brauns Saturn 5 booster the Americans would of never reached the Moon. Von Braun's success initially came from the rockets themselves. From the V-2 Ballistic missile to the Greatest rocket known by man the Saturn 5 rocket in the Apollo mission to take man to the moon.
The Saturn 5 multistage liquid-fuelled launch vehicle was and still remains the tallest, heaviest and most powerful rocket ever brought to operational status.

His dreams were vast and brought many ideas to the table when in need like in the coldest time of the cold war Von Braun suggested the idea of a space station. Many people suggest that with ought him space exploration would of never been excelled to the rate it is today and that the Americans may have never travelled behind the moon and onto its surface before the Russians.
Saturn 5 launch
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