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Differences Between Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome
Transcript of Differences Between Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome
right next to each other! Ancient Greece and Roman climate was called "Mediterranean" (climate) . This meant summers were dry and winters were rainy. The large body of sea (Mediterranean Sea)
kept the land from becoming too hot or
cold. The mountains blocked the cold polar
air from the north. Both Greece and Rome were peninsulas. They both had plenty of mountains, they were both surrounded by sea(s) on three sides, and they both had a Mediterranean climate.
But Rome had fertile soil on their Italian Peninsula, while the Greeks had poor soil on their Pelopennesus Peninsula. Rome's mountains were less rugged than Greece's, where the people could not trade amongst themselves and had to sail to trade. Rome could trade among themselves, reducing sea trade. Both Greece's and Rome's first people had rulers, came from Europe, and brought their own languages. But they stayed for different reasons. Greece stayed because of good weather and grazing, across the Aegean Sea a couple hundred years later, Rome stayed at their peninsula for good soil and lots of natural resources. The Greek nomads came to their peninsula first, when they were getting themselves a civilization, Romulus and Remus began Rome. (Romulus and Remus are a legend, though.) Both Greece and Rome started out being ruled by monarchies, which means a single king rules and the rule is passed down to his sons. Then, the aristocrats, the rich guys who funded the army, got mad and overthrew the monarchy to begin the oligarchy, when a few people (in this case, the aristocrats) are in control. The oligarchy angered the people by making the rich get richer and the poor get poorer. The oligarchy (aristocrats) were overthrown by tyrants, usually army officers who had a big group of soldiers behind them. So began the tyranny. A tyranny is when an unlawful king takes power by force and rules until he dies/the next tyrant king comes along. Finally came the democracy, when the people get to choose their leaders who rules on behalf of them (the people). This is what we have in the United States today, a democracy. Greek men and Roman men had lots of entertainment. In both Greece and Rome the men had most of the power while the women took care of "woman things": taking care of the children, spun and wove cloth, and cleaned. Both Greece and Roman civilizations educated their boys in many different subjects that widely varied. Slaves were in rich peoples' daily lives. Roman women had more room to maneuver, though. Even though everything they owned, including them, belonged to their husbands at marriage, they were not confined to their houses like Athenian (Greek) women were. The kind of food eaten in Rome by poor people was bread, porridge, olives, grapes, and lots of vegetables. They hardly had any meat. Romans bathed in public baths. And they knew how to have fun! In Athens, Greece, circa. 400 B.C.E, the day always got off to an early start. The boys would study reading and writing more than Roman boys would, who trained mostly for military duty. Athenian women were confined to the house, while Spartan women and girls exercised as much as the men and boys did. Of course, there HAD to be an end to the two of the most influential civilizations in history. Greece fell apart when Alexander the Great died, and the Macedonians took over. Eventually the Macedonians got kicked out, but many Greek "city states" could not protect themselves against their enemies after Macedonian rule. In Rome, a couple hundred years after Greece's fall, Augustus died. 200 years later, Rome began to break apart. Army generals, who had taken over, were terrible rulers. Barbarians from the north attacked frequently, so more funds were needed to keep the army up. So the taxes went up and became difficult for the people to pay. In C.E 476, the Roman Empire was conquered by barbarians and ended. The Greeks are long gone, but they have left us many things: among them, the Olympics. Olympic celebrations were held every 4 years in Olympia. This tradition began in 776 B.C.E. The competitions included foot races, jumping, throwing events, riding competitions, and boxing and wrestling matches. The Olympic games were so important that the Greeks even stopped fighting a war to hold the Olympics once! The winner of the Olympics was regarded as a hero and received a laurel wreath, signifying him as a the winner of the Olympic games and putting him in the highest regard. Credits Both Greece and Rome left us their wonderful art and architecture. Greece left us wonderful stories and lifelike statues of the human body and its beautiful architectural colums, and Rome left us many architectural wonders, like the perfected arch. They also left us their methods of entertainment, like the Olympics! (Greece) Rome also left us Latin, the root of many languages today, like Spanish, Portuguese, French, and English! And we can't forget-the Greeks left us democracy. The idea came from them. And Rome left advanced architecture in general. And there is Roman influence in our language, buildings, and law today. Textbooks used:
Old Book: People, Time, and Change (Follett Social Studies)
Middle Book: Social Studies: The World (Harcourt Brace??)
New Book: TCI History Alive! : The Ancient World
Thank you to Yueran, Bailey and Kaya: for putting up with me. ;) Thanks for watching! BTW I gave Climate more slides than the other subject's because I'm dumb. :D