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Growth of Transportation
Transcript of Growth of Transportation
Roads were not used a lot or maintained.
Some of the roads that were more traveled than others were also dangerous becuase of highwaymen looking to steal from the few travelers that ventured outside their farm.
In the winter canals and rivers often froze, which made them useless.
People lived in small villages and rarely traveled due to poor transportation system. In the Spring roads turned to mud, which made them impassable
Because roads were muddy and could not support a lot of weight, transporting goods on roads was almost impossible. Most goods were transported via canal or river.
Canals were man made water ways to inland areas, so goods could be distributed more efficiently.
Horses, or mules would be tied off to a "tug-boat" which is a flat open topped water craft used to transport goods. The horse or mule would then pull the tug-boat down the canal to the desired destination. Even with better roads, hauling coal and other heavy cargo was inefficient
A horse could tow a canal barge loaded with 56 tons could only pull a wagon w/two tons, even on a macadam
Needed more powerful and efficient overland hauling system
1804: Richard Trevithick designed and built the first steam-powered railway engine
Could pull a freight car loaded with 10 tons of cargo
Could haul 5 passanger cars
Over next few decades in Europe, power+speed increased
Stagecoach and freight companies delivered passengers and goods all over the country. By the 1830’s more then 25 thousand miles of English toll road existed. 1815: roads improved thanks to John Mcadam
Idea of placing large rocks a foot or more deep and covering them with smaller stones.
With use, the raised stones compacted
Provided a solid, reliable pavement that drained well during rain
Called a Macadam Road Railroads needed LOTS of iron for rails and equipment
Iron foundries grew in size, and coal demand rose in response
1850s English iron manufacture had tripled from 1700
Coal production doubled to 50 million tons
More mining accidents occured as a result # Deaths/Injuries Timeframe Timeframe Railways became so popular and so successful in England
Freight was more easily and economically shipped by rail
Days by coach=just hours by train Railways also became crucial to the economy
England 1850s: 1/2 money available for buisness investment went to railroads
British railroad freight charges, passenger fares, and wages accounted for 7% of the gross national income. Presented by:
Honors World Studies II