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Adolescence/ Cognitive Development

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Kayla Hoelscher

on 30 June 2016

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Transcript of Adolescence/ Cognitive Development

Do Adolescents Think Differently from Children?
Begin to think faster
Better at problem solving
More abstract thinking
can answer open ended questions
"what will happen if"
Connect feelings with thoughts
Change behavior based on what they believe
Cognitive Development
In Adolescence
Changes in Thought
Personal fable
- they distort and inflate the opinion of themselves and their own importance
may believe they will become famous, rich, powerful, successful
Imaginary audience
This may lead to the dangerous belief of being

may believe bad things will not happen to them because they are unique or special
May cause them to participate in high-risk behaviors that could be harmful or deadly
Piaget's Theory
Adolescents are now in the
formal operational
They can now reason abstractly
- think about thinking
formulate hypothesis
Think about the future
Understand structure of math problems
ex. algebra
Brain Development
By adolescence the brain is full sized yet still developing
Gray matter
(cells that make one think) have reached their peak
Connections between nerve cells change throughout adolescence
cause parts of the brain to develop of different rates
Changes in the Brain
- part of the brain responsible for emotional reactions such as anger
develops early
Prefrontal cortex
- regulates emotions and impulse control
develops later
Adolescent brains function differently from adults
actions guided more by emotions when decision making or problem solving
More likely to engage in at-risk or dangerous behaviors
Language Development
Use precise words to describe more complex, abstract thoughts
Have larger vocabularies
Metaphor- connects two seemingly unlike objects or ideas that have something in common
"the classroom was a refrigerator"
Idiom- expression that has cultural meaning, but does not make sense
"jump the gun"
Teens learn the social context of communication
Can adapt their way of speaking to different situations
talking to a teacher should be different than talking with friends
learn to communicate with employers
Learn when humor is appropriate or inappropriate
Pro-social language- "please" and "thank you"
The social aspect is the most challenging for many teens
Creating Slang
Pidgin language
- one language that combines multiple languages
forms then two or more cultures live in one location
Spanish and English create "spanglish"
In every generation, teens create new slang phrases
may be combined words, shortened words, or completely new words
Slang word may be accepted into society and added into the dictionary
Full transcript