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PPP in the Port sector - Overview

Mathieu Verougstraete (ESCAP)

Mathieu Verougstraete (ESCAP)

on 18 February 2015

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Transcript of PPP in the Port sector - Overview



Thank you
Common Issues
Revenue sharing
Public Asset
capital investment
Landlord model
Responsible for common facilities
Storage, cranes,...
Up-front fees
PPP in Port and Dry Ports
Overview and Recent Trends
Asia-Pacific Forum on Public-Private Partnerships for Transport Infrastructure Development
Mathieu Verougstraete
Drivers for PPP in port

Breakwater and entrance channels, utilities, road and rail access
Other Models
Public-private joint ventures (e.g. China and Indonesia) & Privately run and financed ports (e.g. Turkey)
Competition (within the country…) / over-supply of asset

Monopolistic position
tariff regulation
National regulator
Fixed periodic fees
Usage based fees (% gross revenues)
Exclusivity period?
Self-regulating contract
Market forces (strong competition)
multi-terminal operators
Alleviate congestion in port area for storage / process customs procedures..>
Country Distribution
PPP Port Projects for ESCAP developing countries
Source: World Bank, PPI project Database
18 ESCAP countries have used PPP for Port Development
Around 250 PPP projects in the ESCAP Region since 1990
Total investment value above $40 billion
Slowdown post-financial crisis
The top 3 countries represent 2/3 of the investments made
Trends in the Region
Key Characteristics
To improve port efficiency
(e.g. turnaround times of the ships, ease and accuracy of tracking)
Introduction private operators
To increase capacity
The flow of containers in ESCAP ports
$ 23 bn/year investment required in Asia-Pacific (ADBI)
Common allocation of responsibilities
Dry Ports
A “Dry Port” provides all of the services of a port except for the loading of cargo to and from seagoing ships. It may be distinguished from an Inland Container Depot (ICD) in that it can accommodate all types of cargo, whereas an ICD specializes in the handling of containers and containerized cargo.
Growing trade put pressure on existing infrastructure
Critical for competitiveness
80% of world’s trade by volume travel by ships
since 2000
Shifting to a more efficient transport mode (e.g. rail)
Saving storage costs
(sea ports = congested areas)
Realizing mandatory transshipment
Rail break of gauges, truck change due to regulatory provisions, access restrictions to urban centers,…
Benefiting from economies of scale
Consolidation of LCL cargoes, externalization of logistic functions (e.g. distribution, packaging, labeling or warehousing)
ESCAP Intergovernmental Agreement on Dry Ports (2013)
PPP as a development mechanism (efficiency is key)
Similarities with port models
Port and Dry Port are key for a country's competitiveness
Public partner has a key role to play (e.g. regulatory, providing connecting infrastructure)
Private partner can bring improved efficiency
Full transcript