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Solidwood

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by

Zione Grosshuesch

on 3 February 2015

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Transcript of Solidwood

Fabrication
Veneers
A thin decorative covering of fine wood applied to a coarser wood or other material
Layers of Veneer
Wood Characteristics
Installation
Budget & Specification
Budget
If there are multiple materials used
Species
Applications
elaborate fabrication
transportation -(types)
quality
installation and if multiple proses are required
fabrication
Sustainability
Embodied Energy
Planting
Growth-renewable resource
Harvest-Clear cut (as long as it is replanted)
Transportation
Manufacturing
Fabrication
In use- long life cycle
Recycled
Reclaimed Lumber/ Refurbished
Biodegradable
LEED
Old vs. New- easy to replace damaged wood with new, no need to replace whole floor
Solid Wood
& Veneers

Veneers
Thickness varies from 3/8 inch thick to .007 inch thick (poster board is .o48 inch thick)
Veneer is assigned a quality grade of AA, A, B, C (AA is the best)
Veneers are highly decorative
Cheaper than solid wood
easy to apply to surfaces
Veneer can be made from any species
Veneers
Top layer:
Face Veneer
Binding layer:
Adhesive
Substrate:
Particle Board
Bottom layer;
Back Veneer
Veneer
Veneer Types
Raw- There is no definite face side but they will appear different when a finish is applied.
Paper backed- Veneer that are backed with paper
Phenolic backed- Used for composite or man made veneers
Laid Up Veneer- Raw veneer joined together to make larger pieces.
Reconstituted Veneer- is made from fast growing tropical fast growing species.
Wood on Wood (2-ply) - Face veneer is applied in the opposite direction of the substrate
Engineered Wood
Hardwood which is made up of several layers fused together under heat and pressure.
Each layer is rotated 90 degrees
Species-
Ash
Beech
Walnut
Cherry
Maple
Hickory
Poplar

Oak
Birch
Pine
Mahogany
Ceder
and many more.....
Density-
Hard woods- Deciduous trees that have broad leaves that are dormant in the winter.

Soft woods- Coniferous trees have needles NOT leaves.

Tropical Hard Woods- Grow in Tropical forest and must be imported
Wood Characteristics
Wood Characteristics
Performance
Shrinkage and swelling due to moisture and heat
Acoustics- The acoustic value changes depending on the type of wood selected.
Maintenance- Easy to clean
Refinish instead of Replace
Sanding
Buffing
Long life cycle
Tree Layers-
Heartwood is core and denser than Sapwood
Wood Characteristics
Appearance
Grain
Figure
Burl
Oxidation and Fading- Stressed wood
Color
Defects
Knots
warped
split
bow
check
shake
wane
Common Use of Wood
Floors
Kitchens-Cabinets, counter tops
Structural framing- Studs
Furniture- Chairs, tables dressers, frames, etc.....
Stairs- Railings
Architectural Trim
Wall - wanes coating
Wood Finishes
Protection
Sealants
Scratch resist
mildew resist
sun resistant
Water resist
Treatments
Stain
paint
Safety/Codes
slip resist (safety)
Fire resist (safety)
Door Weight (safety)
Application
spray
roll
brush
cloth
Codes
Dimension
Stair Treads/ Risers
Doors
Door Swings-
Furniture- Anthropometric measurements
Wood Limit- Maximum surface percentage of surface areas of the total project based on local ordnance
Cuts
The grain patterning on individual boards derives from the cuts of wood:
Plain sliced (Top) will have more cathedraling
Rift sawn will be the most linear
Quarter sawn with have perpendicular flake
Saws
Architectural trim saw- Keys

Fabrication
Instillation
Patterns
planks- width of 4-12 inches
Parquets- flooring composed of wooden blocks arranged in a geometric pattern
panel layout
Beveled edge
Fabrication
Joinery
The Basic Butt Joint
The Mitered Butt Joint
Half-lap Joint
Tongue and Grove Joint
The Mortise and Tenon Joint
Biscuit Joint
Pocket Joint
Dado
Blind or Stop Dado Joint
Rabbet
Through Dovetail Joint
Dowel Joint
Corner Block
Lap Dovetail Joint
Stopped Lap Dovetail Joint
Triangular Corner Block
Square Corner Block
Fabrications
Process
Flooring-the sub floor must except nails
Arch Trim- Needs to be sized.
Doors- Need to be hang them.
Stairs- installed in parts and pieces adjustments can be made on site.
Hardware
Door Hinges
Nailing
Vents
Transition strips
People/ Qualifications
Carpenter
Custom Fabricators
Installers
Fabricator
Manufacture
Inspection
Designer
Carpenter
Inspectors
Full transcript