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The History of Spain - Los Reyes Católicos, La Inquisición y El Descubrimiento de América

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Courtney Ruggaber

on 22 January 2013

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Transcript of The History of Spain - Los Reyes Católicos, La Inquisición y El Descubrimiento de América

La Inquisición In 1492, encouraged by Cardinal Cisneros of Toledo, Los Reyes Católicos tried to impose spiritual unity by forcing all of the Jews from Spain.
Although it had begun in 1480, this was the first major step taken by the Spanish Inquisition.
Fernando and Isabel were concerned about the number of non-Christians or newly converted Christians who may have tried to halt the progress of the Reconquista.
Jews who converted to Christianity - "conversos" (false converts)
Muslims who converted - "moriscos" or "moros" Los Reyes Católicos By the end of the 15th century, only the
kingdom of Granada still belonged to the Arabs. Tomás de Torquemada The first Inquisitor-General of the Spanish Inquisition.
His goal was to rid Spain of all heresy. Since Spain was unified under Los Reyes Católicos, the country began to take part in affairs of the Continent. Fernando and Isabel supported the King of Naples in his battle against the French (1495-1503). El Descubrimiento de América Los Reyes Católicos, La Inquisición y El Descubrimiento de América The History of Spain Fernando de Aragón Isabel de Castilla Los Reyes Católicos The marriage of Isabel de Castilla and Fernando de Aragón proved to be the most important royal marriage in Spanish history.
This union of Castilla and Aragón was the catalyst for the Reconquista which led to the reclaiming of Spanish territory by the Christians.
1492 - After a seige lasting 10 years, Christian armies reconquered the kingdom of Granada - marking the end of Arab rule in the Peninsula. Battle of Granada http://www.essayandscience.com/article/9/queen-isabella-and-the-invention-of-modern-chess/ The Battle of Granada was a siege of the city of Granada, the last stronghold of the Moorish forces. This battle lasted months leading up to its surrender on January 2, 1492. The city was captured by the combined forces of Aragón and Castilla. The fall of Granada brought an end to 780 years of Muslim control in the Peninsula. La Inquisición During the Inquisition, torture was used to obtain confessions. Defendants were not notified of the charges against them and were denied lawyers. The last public execution charged against the spirit of the Inquisition took place in 1826. Christopher Columbus (Cristóbal Colón) first presented his idea of sailing west to reach the Orient to the Portuguese king, Joao II. However, the idea was rejected. El Descubrimiento de América Columbus then took his idea to the Spanish court.
After 8 years, Queen Isabel agreed to support the "Enterprise of the Indies."
Columbus took 3 ships on his voyage for the Orient - La Santa María, La Niña, La Pinta. El Descubrimiento de América The voyages of Columbus laid the foundation for the Spanish Empire through the settlement of the island of Hispaniola - today, the island shared by the Dominican Republic and Haiti. El Descubrimiento de América Castilian fortune-seekers flocked to the island of Hispaniola in large numbers.
The majority of Spaniards that led the conquest of these new lands were from Extremadura in southwestern Spain.
Many explorers wanted to convert the island's inhabitants to Christianity.
Thus, Spain becomes the dominant power of Europe.
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