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Conformity & Obedience: Yielding to Others
Transcript of Conformity & Obedience: Yielding to Others
-behavior results from group pressure
-majority tend to resist but fail
-the bigger the group size the more likely the person will conform Experiment
7 people shown a card with a line on it
another card was shown with 3 lines
they were told to pick which of the three lines resembles the first line
the first six people choose the wrong line intentionally, in an attempt to make the one subject conform and choose the wrong line Impact
willingness to obey someon in authority is the rule of exception Experiment
Testing people to see if they will go on with the experiment after asking the experimenter of shocking another subject when they answer incorrectly
Recruited a group of students who volunteered to perform the roles of 'prisoner' and 'guard' as a psychological experiment to test how human beings conform to roles
Movie: "The Experiment
In United States v. Keenan, the accused (Keenan) was found guilty of murder after he obeyed in order to shoot and kill an elderly Vietnamese citizen. The Court of Military Appeals held that "the justification for acts done pursuant to orders does not exist if the order was of such a nature that a man of ordinary sense and understanding would know it to be illegal." (Interestingly, the soldier who gave Keenan the order, Corporal Luczko, was acquitted by reason of insanity).
The Vietnam War presented the United States military courts with more cases of the "I was only following orders" defense than any previous conflict. The decisions during these cases reaffirmed that following manifestly illegal orders is not a viable defense from criminal prosecution.
I do solemnly swear that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; and that I will obey the orders of the President of the United States and the orders of the officers appointed over me, according to regulations and the Uniform Code of Military Justice.
(when enlisting into the military a cadet must take this oath) "To conform in American culture is to be weak or be deficient somehow. But this is not true in cultures. Many cultures foster more collective, group oriented values and concepts of conformity, obedience and compliance enjoy a much higher status." -Matsumoto, 1994 conformity and obedience varies differently in cultures IMPACT
-Variations in conformity appear to be related to the degree of individualism
-conformity more in individualistic cultures
-part of ethnic values Asch Experiment