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Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks

Both influencial leaders with a comparison about both and seperate paragraphs explaining why they are leaders and why they are influencial, also it incluedes some of their backround infromation.
by

Becky Smith

on 7 June 2013

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Transcript of Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks

Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King Jr. Background Info/ Short Biography Martin Luther King Jr. was born on January 15th, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia. He was educated at Morehouse college, Crozer Theological Seminary, and Boston University. He was African American and lived during the rough times of high discrimination against black people in the southern states in America. He worked as a civil rights activist, and a minister. He dreamed of white people and black people being thought of as equal to everyone everywhere. He led the civil rights movement in the mid 1950's, all the way up until his death. In 1955, King put together a boycott of the Montgomery bus system after Rosa Parks was arrested for not giving up her bus seat to a white man. People (blacks mostly) refused to ride the bus system for over a year. Then in 1956 the Supreme Court banned segregated buses! Next in 1957 Martin Luther King Jr. was elected president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization formed to provide new leadership for the now increasing Civil Rights Movement. The civil rights movement was having universal rights for all people regardless of gender, income, or skin color. During Martin Luther King Jr.'s time of being elected president of the SCLC he was inspired by the northern society's more liberal views of race. In the north discrimination was still present just not as brutal and known as it was in the south. Then in 1963, in the March on Washington, over 250,000 people gathered in the nation’s capital in support of civil rights. There King performed his, "I Have A Dream" speech, stating, "One day little white boys and little white girls will join hands with little black girls and little black boys, as brothers and sisters, I Have A Dream today!" His protests and marches throughout Alabama turned the world’s attention to the issues of civil rights. King was arrested many times during these marches, but it was worth it and paid off. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 overturned segregated laws around the country. In 1964 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Then in 1968, Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee by James Earl Ray.



Martin Luther King Jr. had a short life but made the best of it. He was a revolutionary hero and still is, and even though his life got cut short at the age of 39, his legacy still wears on. Martin Luther King Jr. analysis on mostly positive or mostly negative influence! Martin Luther King Jr. had a mostly positive influence on society. He had that positive effect because he started the process of moving past discrimination against people of color or blacks. After hearing what happened to Rosa Parks (after what happened on the bus that got her arrested) King knew he had to start making change happen. The way that he started that movement was through first boycotting the Montgomery bus system, forcing the supreme court to make the decision to ban all segregated buses. Then after that Martin performed his "I Have A Dream" speech in Detroit. This speech had such a positive influence on society, 250,000 people came to listen to his speech! That right there showed that he had already influenced people enough that they would come and listen to what he had to say. The fact that over one hundred thousand people came to hear King's sixteen minute speech meant that he made them care enough that they would spend their time listening to the awful events that had occurred by the whites only to hurt the blacks (people of all different races came to listen to his speech). That is a huge influence and a positive one on society. What makes it positive is how he started the pathway for others to follow in to eventually conquer discrimination. Martin Luther King Jr. Influential
Martin Luther King Jr. was influential because he was the beginning to breaking discrimination by whites against the blacks. With his "I Have A Dream" speech on August 28th, 1963, he changed the way segregation looked through many, many people's eyes. The white liberals after hearing this speech came face to face with their tipping point and found that blacks shouldn't have any less rights than the whites, yet they do, and so therefore decided to fight with the blacks for their freedoms. Somebody had to make the first step towards change, and that is what Martin Luther King Jr. set out to do and accomplished. Martin Luther King Jr. Leader Martin Luther King Jr. was very much a leader in his life, he created the stepping stones for others to cross the river with, to reach the end of discrimination. He lead many protests and riot s with no fears at all, although he was arrested a few times after the protests it didn't make a difference to him, because he was still fighting inside and out.He was also a leader because he lead the way in everything he did, he would take complete charge and take the blame if anything of his doing went wrong. He was a leader by presenting that speech for the world to hear, he lead others to believe that what the whites were doing was wrong regardless of what your skin color was. His speech started leading others in the right direction, so that when he passed away, he was confident that someone else would carry on his legacy. He also showed other blacks that they too could make the change, and that you don't have to be anyone special to become someone special and change the world for the better. Rosa Parks Rosa Parks Background Info/ Short Biography Rosa Parks was born on February 4th, 1913 in Tuskegee, Alabama and was named Rosa Louise McCauley. At age two (1915), she moved to her grandparents' farm with her mother and little brother, Sylvester. Then at a later age Rosa began to feel a wanting for education, but because she was black so she was not granted these services. However, she ended up attending the Montgomery Industrial School For Girls, next she went to the Alabama State Teachers College to pursue her education. Then, she married Raymond Parks in Montgomery, Alabama. She and her husband both worked for the local Montgomery Chapter of the Nation Association for the advancement of colored people. Rosa served as the organizations secretary and later took the position as an adviser to the NAACP Youth Council. Rosa was also involved with Montgomery Voters League, trying to help black people pass the test so that they could vote. On December 1st, 1955, she decided to change history. She said later that night, "I did not go on the bus to get arrested, I went on the bus to go home." As the bus began to become overcrowded, the bus driver asked Rosa to give up her seat so that a white man could sit down, she refused. The bus driver called the police, and Parks was arrested. She was bailed out of jail by Clifford Durr, a white lawyer. Later that night at a Women's Political Council meeting, 35,000 hand bills were made out to all the black public schools. They read, " We are asking that every Negro stay off the buses on Monday in protest of the arrest and trial....you can afford to stay out of school for one day. If you work take a cab, or walk. But please children and grownup's please stay off the buses on Monday." On Monday, no blacks rode the buses. The following day, Rosa was found guilty of"failure to comply with a city ordinance"" and was fined $14, which she did not pay. The Montgomery bus boycott lasted 381 days, putting the bus systems in a financially awful state. The transportation system was finally claimed integrated December 21st, 1956. After losing her job, and receiving many death threats, Rosa and Raymond Parks moved to Detroit in 1957. Rosa got a position the office of Representative John Lonyers, a Michigan democrat. She went on to become a vocal opponent of Apartheid in South Africa and was the co-founder of the Rosa and Raymond institute for self-development. In February of 1990 she was honored at Washington's Kennedy Center on her 77th birthday, and also received many other awards including the medal of freedom. Three years later she was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal of Honor. Troy State University put up the Rosa Parks Library and Museum in December of 2000. The bus in which Rosa refused to give up her seat was bought in 2001 for $492,000 and is on display at the Henry Ford Museum in Dearborn, Michigan. In September 1994, Rosa was robbed and beaten in her Detroit apartment, however, she fully recovered and was able to participate in the Million Man March in Washington D.C in October 1995. She died October 24th, 2005 of natural causes in her apartment in Detroit at age 92. Rosa Parks, Influential Rosa Parks was influential because she showed others to fight for what you believe in and don't stop until you get there. That is a great message and it defiantly showed through her life. She had said, "I didn't get on the bus to get arrested, I got on the bus to go home." But because she was brought face to face with something that she didn't believe in, she was willing to suffer the consequences if the right message was carried out to others around the world. The act that she performed on the bus was heard world wide, influencing others to also try and change fate, and resolve discrimination between the whites and the blacks. She was also influential in the way that she was confident and it was obvious, and she let everyone know it, she showed others that all it takes is a little confidence and a whole lot passion. Rosa Parks Leader Rosa Parks was a leader because she lead the beginning of the civil rights movement. And she did it with self- confidence and a urge to fight for what's right. She lead others to the pathway that they can follow to find there own way to influence others and change the world to make it a better place. She also lead people away from the way they were thinking, they tipped white liberals to their tipping points so that they too could join the arguments, she also changed the way people viewed discrimination. She showed people that whatever race you are we all have feelings so therefore none of us deserve to be treated any less than the person in front of us, who may have a different skin tone. She lead people in the right direction and away from the wrong one, which is a hard thing to do, but she did it with just one small action with enough force to change the world forever. Rosa Parks analysis of weather the leader had a mostly positive or mostly negative influence! Rosa Parks had a mostly positive influence on society and people, however, she also had a little bit of negative influence slipped in there. The part that was partially negative was how she continually disobeyed the rules and although it is good to always keep fighting there is a place and a time for everything and breaking the law the night after you got arrested is a little too risky. However, she did have a mostly good influence. She showed people that the way the blacks were being treated way wrong, and needed to change, and also showed that standing up for what is right can make a lot of change with just one small movement/action. COMPARISON Similarities between my two influential leaders Similarities between my two influential leaders My two people are very similar in multiple different ways. However, I did not choose these two people because it was easy to find similarities, I did there two people because I wanted to learn more about both of them.


To start, both of my people, Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks both were African Americans and lived in the deep south were discrimination against Blacks was very high. Both of them worked to pave a path for others to follow in to eventually reach their goal of abolishing all discrimination based on the color of ones skin. Also, they both took a stand, and worked up a lot of confidence to purse their both very different acts. They were strong and held their head up high no matter the consequences that might follow. They both recognized the fact that just one small act of something that you believe in can go down in history and change the world as we know it. Finally, Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King Jr. are both similar in the way that they both had the same goal, and they believed in themselves and everyone else after them to come and carry on what they had started. Differences between my two influential leaders Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks were both influential leaders and were both African American and were both fighting for the same thing, but they showed their wanting for change in different ways. For example, Martin Luther King Jr. showed his passion for discrimination to end, by presenting his opinions and his dreams in front of 250,000 people, because he wasn't afraid. However, Rosa Parks stated her beliefs through one word, "No." And that's all it took for fate to change, and for the world to turn around, and for one more footstep to be made towards success, allowing integrated opposed to segregated buses. Martin Luther King Jr. knew about what Rosa Parks did and wanted to do the same, only differently. So although they had the same goal in life, they decided to present it to the world differently, making them present two completely different life changing events. Comparison of the effects each leader had on people Both influential leaders effected people differently. Rosa was more of a jolt of surprise as the train to change started moving, and Martin Luther King Jr. helped support what he believed in and why he thought that discrimination was wrong. No one saw what Rosa Parks did coming, because normally when a black person is asked to give up their seat to a white person they just do it no matter how much they disagree. However, Rosa Parks showed her emotions, and spoke for all the blacks with that just one powerful word. Martin Luther King Jr. talked about different things about how we were on our way to change, and that some day his greatest dreams would come true because he knew change was coming. He stated those dreams in front of thousands of people so that he could effect their lives, and Rosa's incident was unintentional, and unexpected. Both leaders did well, and proved good points, they just had very different effects on people and on this world. Comparison of the methods each leader used to be influential Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks

By: Julia North Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King Jr. both had very different methods that they used, that made them influential leaders. Just to start Rosa Parks only used one word to change history, where as Martin Luther King Jr. performed a sixteen minute speech. Rosa had one reason to get on that bus that night and that was to go home, not to get arrested or change history. She didn't really form a method until after her bus incident. After, she decided that she would continually perform things that would help her prove her case, such as boycotting the Montgomery bus system. That is when she started making plans and being even more involved in changing the world as we know it. Martin Luther King Jr. had a much different approach. He knew what he was going to do and what he was going to say, before he got out there. He wanted to express his opinion and change the world in a more organized fashion. His method was to be cool, calm, and productive, and he definitely made it happen. Both Rosa and Martin reached their personal goals before death however they reached them using completely different methods to perform the same task. Comparison of the characteristics each leader had that allowed them to be influential. Although both leaders were very confident, Rosa showed even more than Martin. She really wasn't afraid to speak up and get arrested as many times as she needed to to get her point across.Martin started off by putting an end to one thing at a time starting with segregated buses. Once he conquered that he moved on to the grater picture. Rosa, had the characteristics of a confident yet comfortable person. She was comfortable fighting where she was, as strong as she was and wouldn't back down allowing for the fierce ambition and confidence to kick in. Martin Luther King Jr. however, had the characteristics of a confident yet calm person. He got the job done and fought hard, and would never give up but kept his calm and reassuring attitude with him wherever he went. Links: Sources: www.biography.com/people/rosa-parks-9433715 www.achievement.org/autodoc/page/par0bio-1 www.ushistory.org/documents/i-have-a-dream.htm www.pbs.org/newshour/updates/remember/july-dec05/parks_biography.html THANKS FOR WATCHING!!!
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