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Transcript of P2- Abi
P2- Discriminatory practice in health and social care
P3-Describe the potential effects of discriminatory practice on those who use health and social care services
Assess the effects on those using the service of three different discriminatory practices in health and social care
The effects of stereotyping on service users can be negative because if a health professional has a negative view of a certain group of people it may affect the care a service user gets if they are in that group of people. It also may affect aspects of their life such as their social lives and professional relationships because the stereotype could lower their self esteem.
The effects of abuse on service users can include stress related illnesses such as migraines and even heart attacks. If they are at school it could possibly affect their education as they'd be missing lessons. It could also affect their social lives because victims of abuse are usually withdrawn and don't want to speak to anybody.
Covert abuse of power
Covert abuse of power is a hidden case of discrimination, this can happen in a health and social care setting. It can effect a service user's outlook on people in positions of power. An example of covert abuse of power can be someone hiring a person less qualified for a job because of their religion, gender or ethnic group and giving the person more qualified a job that doesn't match their experience. Covert abuse of power could lead to possible depression and financial difficulties because they could feel like they're not good enough.
Discrimination occurs due to peoples differences. Discrimination can occur in many different care settings and both staff and service users can be discriminated against. There are several different reasons why people are discriminated against such as;
A way which someone may be discriminated against based
on culture is if a hospital only had a meal available
containing pork and their was a jewish patient. This
would be discriminating against the jewish patients
M1 - Rachel
When discrimination happens within a health and social care setting such as a hospital or care home it is called discriminatory practice. Infringement of rights is not allowing someone the rights they are entitled to. For example, if a care worker doesn't allow a service user to chose their own clothes it would bean infringement of their rights. There is covert and overt use of power. Covert use of power is where no one else knows you are taking advantage of your power where as overt use of power is openly taking advantage of your power. For example, if a newly qualified nurse started to work on a ward and her manager made her make cups of teas all the time they would be taking advantage of their power as that is not her job.
Marginalisation is when a person is pushed to the edge of society. This is a potential effect of discrimination because a person is made to stand out and made to be different from everyone else and they can therefore feel like they are all alone and marginalized from the rest of society or in the case of a health and social care sector, other service users. When a person is marginalized they are made to feel like they are different and not in a good way. For example a lower class citizen being admitted to a private care trust because there is no room elsewhere and being surrounded by all upper class service users. They may then be treated differently because of that i.e. discriminated against and they may begin to feel pushed out alone because of whom they are and where they are. This is a clear example of Marginalisation.
You are dis-empowered when you are treated as less-than through discrimination, be it by race, age, sexual orientation, mental status, or social class. There may be reasons for dis-empowerment that appear justified by some standards, especially if it is not you that is being dis-empowered. This means that a person or group makes you feel like you have no power.
Aggression or crimes can be caused by people discriminating against each other.
People who experience hardship may change their behaviour because they may take their frustrations out on the police, teacher or other health care professionals. This type of negative behaviour can be either verbal or physical or even both.
In an health and social setting you see a variety of different people therefore it is important that you don't allow prejudice or stereotyping to happen. Prejudice is prejudging someone without knowing anything about them and stereotyping is making assumptions based on little evidence. Bullying is where an individual or group of people intimidate or harass others. Examples of bullying in a health and social care environment is being ignored, left out, giving you unachievable tasks and making you look stupid in public.
3 examples of how settings try to avoid discriminatory practice are....
Having posters up promoting breastfeeding
having lifts and ramps for those in a wheel chair
Having posters up around health and social settings with different races on.