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EU institutions, their functions, decission making processes
Transcript of EU institutions, their functions, decission making processes
The Council of the European Union
The European Parliament
The European Commission The European Council defines the general political direction and priorities of the European Union. The European Council The European Council consists of the Heads of State or Government of the Member States, together with its President and the President of the Commission. The European Council provides the Union with the necessary impetus for its development and defines the general political directions and priorities.
However, it does not exercise legislative functions and has no powers to pass laws. The European Council The European Council meets at least twice a year, usually at the headquarters of the Council of the European Union in Brussels. The President of the European Council is appointed for a two and a half year term (renewable once) on the basis of a qualified majority vote of the European Council. Becoming a full-time function, the President of the European Council gains a permanent character. President of the Council At their informal meeting in Brussels in 2009 the Heads of State or Government agreed on the nomination of the then Prime Minister of Belgium, Mr. Herman Van Rompuy as the first permanent President of the European Council. Decisions of the European Council are taken by consensus. In some cases, it adopts decisions by unanimity or by qualified majority, depending on what the Treaty provides for. Role of European Council European Council exercises some executive powers such as the appointment of its own President, the President of the European Commission, the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, and the President of the European Central Bank. Moreover, the European Council influences police and justice planning, the composition of the Commission, matters relating to the rotating presidency, the suspension of membership rights, and changing the voting systems. Council of the European Union directly represents the Member States in negotiations and has a central role in the EU legislative process. Council of the European Union Not to be confused with:
European council – another EU institution , where EU leaders meet around 4 times a year to discuss the EU‘s political priorities.
Council of Europe – not an EU body at all. What does Council of the European Union do?
Passes EU laws.
Coordinates the broad economic policies of EU member countries.
Signs agreements between the EU and other countries.
Approves the annual EU budget.
Develops the EU‘s foreign and defence policies.
Coordinates cooperation between courts and police forces of member countries. Voting Austria 10
Czech Republic 12
United Kingdom 29
TOTAL 345 Finland 7
Latvia 4 Lithuania 7
Poland 27 Number of votes in the Council Composition of the Council There are now ten ‘Configurations’ of the Council of the European Union: The General Affairs Council
The Foreign Affairs Council
The Ecofin Council
The Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) Council
The Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs Council (EPSCO) The Competitiveness Council
The Transport, Telecommunications and Energy Council
The Agriculture and Fisheries Council
The Environment Council
The Education, Youth and Culture (EYC) Council The Presidency of the Council rotates every six months among the governments of EU member states.
The exact membership of the configuration depends upon the topic. The European Parliament Parliament is one of the EU’s main law-making institutions, along with the Council of the European Union.
The European Parliament has three main roles:
debating and passing Europian laws, with the council
scrutinizing other EU institutions, particularly the Commission, to make sure they are working democratically
debating and adopting the EU's budget with the council. European Parliament Addition The European Parliament is made up of 754 Members elected in the 27 Member States of the enlarged EU. Composition of the 7th European Parliament European People Party - 274
Progressive Alliance of Socialistics and Democrats - 189
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe - 85
The Greens–European Free Alliance - 59
European Conservatives and Reformists - 52
European United Left–Nordic Green Left - 34
Europe of Freedom and Democracy - 34
Non-Inscrits - 30 European Commission The Commission is the third part of the institutional triangle that manages and runs the European Union. The European Commission acts as the executive of the European Union. It is responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the Union’s treaties and the day-to-day running of the Union. The 27 Commissioners, one from each EU country, provide the Commission’s political leadership during their 5-year term; Composition Although the Commissioners are appointed by the Member States, they do not represent their country in the Commission; The president of the Commission is nominated by the European Council. Now it is José Manuel Barroso. Functions proposes new laws to Parliament and the Council European Commission: manages the EU's budget and allocating funding enforces EU law (together with the Court of Justice) represents the EU internationally Other EU institutions Court of Justice
Court of Auditors
European Economic and Social Committee
Committee of the Regions
European Central Bank
European Data Protection Supervisor Created by Evelina Andrijauskaitė,
Dovilė Liubartaitė, Evelina Kriauklytė