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Mishaal Gradwell

on 10 October 2012

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Pain in neck, shoulder area
Difficulty swallowing Cervical Spine Sprain Mainly contact sports
Some non-Contact sports
Falls Causes
(In Sport) Restricted range of motion
Higher risks of recurrence
Immediate withdrawal from sport/activity Effects on Performance Acute phase= 1st phase Rehabilitation Prevention/Tx Thanks for Watching! THE END By: Sydney & Mishaal What is it? Commonly known as 'whiplash'
Secondary to high velocity collisions between players (from any direction)
Causes acceleration and deceleration of the head and neck
*acceleration = hyperextension
*deceleration = hyperflexion Physical therapy:
Decrease pain & control inflammation
Re-establish ROM
Prevent development of muscular atrophy of the cervical spine muscle groups & postural muscles Therapeutic activities:
Manual therapy
ROM & stabilization
Isometric muscle strengthening
Physiotherapy Rehabilitation Recovery phase = 2nd phase Physical therapy:
Eliminate pain
Improve neuro-muscular control
Improve posture
Start sport training (progressively) Therapeutic Activites:
Protected ROM
Appropriate exercises Rehabilitation Maintenance phase= final stage Physical therapy:
Increase/improve balance and endurance of cervical muscles
Normalize posture Therapeutic activities:
Activities specified to help with endurance, strength, flexibility, and balance Early ROM & exercises lead to rapid recovery
No history of sprain/strain- athlete should use ice packs for 15-20 min every 1-2 hrs Muscle pains, spasms, cell metabolism with vasoconstriction BP, pain tolerance References http://www.medicinenet.com/whiplash http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/94387-overview http://www.mdguidelines.com/sprains-and-strains-cervical-spine-neck/definition http://www.losethebackpain.com/back-pain/which-muscles-are-affected-most-by-whiplash.html Symptoms
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