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All Quiet on the Western Front

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Andrew Payne

on 18 October 2012

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Transcript of All Quiet on the Western Front

Setting and Characters Paul Bäumer
Stanislaus Katczinsky Albert Kropp Müller Tjaden Kantorek
Corporal Himmelstoss Franz Kemmerich Joseph Behm Detering Gérard Duval Leer Haie Westhus Kindervater Lewandowski Mittelstaedt The story takes place
during WWI on the
Front lines. Literary Analysis I think this book is trying to say that life is precious and you will go to extreme calls to stand up for what you believe in. This book is life or death, it's about a war in the eyes of a front line soldier, who wants to survive, but finds it difficult considering all of his friends die. Literary Devices Imagery: The story is about a war, so there is a lot of imagery. The most graphic ones are when people are dying or going through amputations.

Foreshadowing: Late in the book, Paul starts talking about whether or not he really wants to die. Later, he dies on a really quiet day on the Western Front. The title foreshadows this. Plot Elements: Exposition, Conflict, Climax, Resolution Exposition: The book
starts in middle of the action WWI. Conflict: WWI on the front lines. Climax: Paul's company gets attacked, and his friend gets injured and dies before they can get to help. Resolution: Paul dies on the quietest day of the war. The report that day came back as, "All Quiet on the Western Front" Paul Baumer Paul's Death Paul died on a quiet day on the front. The last of his school friends died a few months before, and he was just waiting to either die or be sent on leave. He was given 14 days leave after inhaling poison gas and returned later to fight, knowing if he made it home there wouldn't be anything there for him, so he might as well die. Sadly, a bullet found him and left him dead on the field of battle in October of 1918. Paul's death was very odd considering
the day he died there was very little
action. The army report that night said,
"All Quiet on the Western Front." Paul's Death cont. Paul Bäumer - A young German soldier fighting in the trenches during World War I. Paul is the protagonist and narrator of the novel. Stanislaus Katczinsky - A soldier belonging to Paul’s company and Paul’s best friend in the army. Kat, as he is known, is forty years old at the beginning of the novel and has a family at home. Albert Kropp -
One of
Paul’s classmates
who serves with
Paul in the Second Company. An intelligent, speculative young man, Kropp is one of Paul’s closest friends during the war. His interest in analyzing the causes of the war leads to many of the most critical antiwar sentiments in the novel. Müller - One of Paul’s classmates. Müller is a hardheaded, practical guy, and he plies his friends in the Second Company with questions about their postwar plans. Tjaden - One of Paul’s friends in the Second Company. Tjaden is a wiry young man with a voracious appetite. He bears a deep grudge against Corporal Himmelstoss. Kantorek -
A teacher in Paul’s high school during the years
before the war. Kantorek places intense pressure on Paul and his classmates to fulfill their “patriotic duty” by enlisting in the army.
Corporal Himmelstoss - A noncommissioned training officer. Before the war, Himmelstoss was a postman Franz Kemmerich - One of Paul’s classmates and comrades in the war. After suffering a light wound, Kemmerich contracts gangrene, and his leg has to be amputated. His death, in Chapter Two, marks the reader’s first encounter with the meaninglessness of death and the cheapness of life in the war Joseph Behm - The first of Paul’s classmates to die in the war. Behm did not want to enlist, but he caved under the pressure of Kantorek. His ugly, painful death shatters his classmates’ trust in the authorities who convinced them to take part in the war. Detering - One of Paul’s close friends in the Second Company. Detering is a young man with a wife and a farm at home; he is constantly homesick for his farm and family. Gérard Duval - A French soldier Paul kills in No Man’s Land. Duval is a printer with a wife and child at home. He is the first person that Paul kills in hand-to-hand combat, one of Paul’s scariest experiences in the war. Leer - One of Paul’s classmates and close friends during the war. Leer serves with Paul in the Second Company. Haie Westhus - One of Paul’s friends in the Second Company. A gigantic, burly man, Westhus was a peat-digger before the war. He plans to serve a full term in the army after the war ends, since he finds peat-digging so unpleasant. Kindervater - A soldier in a neighboring unit. Lewandowski - A patient in the Catholic hospital where Paul and Kropp recuperate from their wounds. Mittelstaedt - One of Paul’s classmates. Mittelstaedt becomes a training officer and enjoys tormenting Kantorek when Kantorek is conscripted as a soldier. Rising and Falling Action Rising: Paul's company is headed to the front lines.
Falling: Paul inhales poison gas and is given 14 days leave.
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