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Asthma

Anatomy Project
by

Trina Martin

on 11 November 2013

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Transcript of Asthma

Seasonal Asthma
- Spring
Pollen, grass, mold spores, or flowers
- Summer and early Fall
Ragweed or leaves
- Winter
Cold air
A condition in the lungs
Asthma
Nursing Assistants
Diagnosis
Treatment
Etiology
Types of Asthma and their triggers
Spirometry

- Inhaled corticosteroids
* inhaled into the nasal passages or orally
* reduces swelling and irritation in the airways
* Pulmicort, Nasonex, or Flovent
coughing
wheezing
breathlessness
chest tightness
Allergic Asthma
- Pollen
- Pet dander
Non-allergic Asthma
- Smoke, cleaning products, perfumes or chemicals
Peak flow
-Tests how hard you can breathe out
Other tests
- Methacholine challenge
- Nitric oxide test
- Imaging tests
- Sputum eosinophils
- Provocative testing
- Leukotriene modifiers
* Oral medication
* relieve symptoms for 24 hours
* Singulair, Accolate, or Zyflo
- Long-acting beta agonists
* inhaled medications
* Opens airways and reduces inflammation
* Increases the risk of an asthma attack
* Serevent, Foradil, and Perforomist
- Combination inhalers
* long-action beta agonists and corticosteroids
* Advair, Symbicort, and Dulera
- Theophylline
* Daily pill
* Keeps airways open and relaxes muscles
* Theo-24 and Elixophyllin
Long-term control medications
- To avoid and attack all together
- Taken every day
Quick-relief medications
- Rescue relief for an asthma attack
- Short-acting beta agonists
* Bronchodilator
* Relieves symptoms of an attack
in minutes
*Albuterol, levalbuterol,and pirbuterol
- Albuterol most popular
- Ipratropium (Atrovent)
* Relaxes airways within minutes
* Emphysema and chronic bronchitis
- Oral and intravenous corticosteroids
* Prednisone and methylprednisolone
* Stops inflammation
* Inhaler or a nebulizer
Prevention
Doctor's prescription
Immunization against colds and flu
Avoid triggers
Watch breathing at home with a peak flow meter
Watch for signs of asthma and treat right away
Use long-term control medication everyday to control asthma
Checking regularly
Security
Patience
Respiration
12-20: normal
Record & Report
wheezing or congestion
high/low respiratory rate
deep/shallow breaths
irregular breathing
Full transcript